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  • 2018 . 10 . 09
    250
    Daisy
    1. The standing treatment of the compression spring is to compress the spring to the working limit height or to tighten the height several times, usually 3 to 5 times;For the stretching spring, the length of the spring is drawn to the working limit several times;Torsion spring, is the spring in the working direction of the 5522 for the ultimate torsion Angle several times.2. Strong pressure (strong tension and strong torsion) treatment for compression spring is to press the spring into the material layer and the stress exceeds the yield point, resulting in negative residual stress on the surface and positive residual stress on the heart.There are two technological methods: one is the static pressure, which presses the spring to the required height.This method takes up more process equipmen...
  • 2018 . 10 . 08
    150
    Daisy
    The spring should ideally conform to hooke's law, that is, the relationship between stress and strain in the elastic range is linear.However, since the actual spring steel is a polyphase and polycrystalline material, there must be inconsistencies in composition, structure, elasticity, etc., and the stress and strain deviated from the linear relationship within the elastic range, which is called elastic incompleteness or anelastic.The phenomena such as elastic after effect, elastic lag, stress relaxation and elastic modulus decrease are produced.After tempering, the stabilization process can reduce the elastic imperfection.(1) the fixing process for the compression spring is to compress the spring to the working limit height or to tighten the height several times;For the stretching spring, ...
  • 2018 . 10 . 08
    192
    Daisy
    The oxidation treatment of the spring (also known as bluish, blackened, cooked black, etc.) is mainly used to prevent the corrosion of the spring, and also to make the spring appearance bright.Oxidation treatment methods include: alkaline oxidation, alkali free oxidation and electrolytic oxidation.Spring oxidation treatment is often alkaline oxidation treatment, in the presence of oxidants (such as sodium nitrite) in caustic sodium solution.As the solution approaches the boiling point, the iron on the surface of the spring dissolves and forms sodium ferrite and sodium ferrite, which is then made of ferrous ironSodium sulfate interacts with sodium ferrite to form magnetic iron oxide (Pe3O4), or oxide film, with a thickness of about 0.5-1.5 microns.The color of the oxide film depends on the ...
  • 2018 . 09 . 30
    161
    Daisy
    Washing method according to the surface state:General notice when washing, please pay attention not to scratch the surface to avoid the use of bleaching ingredients and abrasive solution, steel wire ball (brush roller ball), grinding tools, etc. In order to remove the washing liquid, wash the surface with clean water at the end of washing.Surface condition and washing methodDirt and scale removal - wash with soap, mild detergent or warm water.Label and film -- scrubbing with warm water and weak detergent;Binder ingredients - use alcohol or organic solutions;Contamination of fats, oils, lubricants - after being dried with a soft cloth or paper, wash with a neutral detergent or an ammonia solution or a special detergent;Rinse immediately with water, soak in an aqueous solution of ammonia or ...
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109
2018 - 08 - 13
Like most other basic mechanisms, metal springs have existed for a long time in the bronze age. Even for metals, wood is used as a structural member of flexible bow and arrow and military catapult. In the Renaissance, precise clocks made precision springs the first necessity. In Fourteenth Century, we saw the precise clock of revolutionary astronomical navigation developed. The world's exploration and conquest of European colonial powers continue to provide impetus for watchmakers "science and art." The other area of the firearm promotes the development of the spring. At the dawn of ...
110
2018 - 09 - 30
Please avoid the improper way of using (1) more than the use of the maximum compression (300000 back to the conditions, after a close with the use of a long) stress causing the wreck, close to close with the use of a long, can make the spring line department gradually close to that, because of the high spring constant change caused by load curve with high, nearly and produce high stress to make spring break, please do not use more than 300000 times.The use of the spring without prepressure due to the gap caused the spring up and down vibration caused the spring distortion, if there is prepress...
111
2018 - 07 - 26
Salt fog refers to the dispersion system composed of salt micro droplets in the atmosphere. It is one of the three defense series of artificial environment. Many enterprise products need to simulate the destructive nature of the marine surrounding climate to the products. The salt fog test is a simulation of this phenomenon, so the test equipment, salt fog test box, came into being.Salt fog can be divided into two categories, one is natural environmental exposure test, the other is artificial accelerated salt spray environmental test. The artificial simulated salt fog environment test is a kin...
112
2018 - 09 - 17
Hard inspection method for chemical heat treatment and surface quenching and temperingSurface heat treatment is divided into two categories, one is chemical heat treatment and the other is surface quenching and tempering heat treatment. The hardness test method is as follows:1. Chemical heat treatmentChemical heat treatment is to make the workpiece surface infiltrate one or several chemical elements of the atom, thereby changing the workpiece surface chemical composition, organization and performance.After quenching and tempering, the surface of the workpiece has high hardness, wear resistance...
113
2019 - 12 - 16
Helical springsMaterials necessary for every aspect of daily life.  Helical spring is a spring that is subjected to torsional deformation, and its working part is also tightly wound into a helical shape. Its characteristic line is linear, can make compression spring, stretch spring and torsion spring. When the load is large and the radial size is limited, two compression springs with different diameters can be used together to become a combination spring. The total winding number n1 is the sum of the effective winding number n and the supporting winding number n2. Volute coil helical...
114
2018 - 08 - 30
The spring pressure test of metal springs usually uses electronic digital spring tension and compression testing machine. Electronic digital spring tension and compression testing machine is a special instrument for testing the deformation and load relationship characteristics of tension and compression springs. It is suitable for testing the working load of the tension and compression spring under a certain working length, and also for testing the elastic load of elastic devices such as rubber and spring.The pressure test of metal springs is generally divided into the following steps:1. Compr...
115
2018 - 10 - 20
After the end face grinding, if the free height, perpendicularity, pitch and outside diameter of the spring do not meet the deviation specified in the pattern, the screw compression spring often needs to be corrected.Calibration operations are generally manual or semi-manual.The commonly used tools are: the spring with the metal wire above 4mm, multi-purpose manual pressure machine, splitting machine, press and so on;For springs with wire under 4mm, special tools, pliers and hammers with wedge edge are often used.Calibration is to use these tools to make the spring locally plastic deformation ...
116
2018 - 08 - 13
With the development of spring application technology, more requirements for spring materials are put forward. The main reason is to improve the fatigue life and anti relaxation performance under high stress; secondly, according to different uses, it is required for corrosion resistance, non magnetic, electrical conductivity, wear resistance, heat resistance and so on. In addition to the development of new varieties, the spring materials have achieved beneficial results in the aspects of strict control of chemical composition, reducing non-metallic inclusions, improving the surface quality and...
117
2018 - 09 - 30
Washing method according to the surface state:General notice when washing, please pay attention not to scratch the surface to avoid the use of bleaching ingredients and abrasive solution, steel wire ball (brush roller ball), grinding tools, etc. In order to remove the washing liquid, wash the surface with clean water at the end of washing.Surface condition and washing methodDirt and scale removal - wash with soap, mild detergent or warm water.Label and film -- scrubbing with warm water and weak detergent;Binder ingredients - use alcohol or organic solutions;Contamination of fats, oils, lubrica...
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109
2018 - 09 - 10
Spring grinding is easy to produce cracks at the end of the tightness, and directly affect the verticality of the spring, load and free length size, so the general grinding process of spring should be carried out after stress relief tempering. Eliminate the residual stress of steel wire cold drawing to prevent the generation of end gap cracks.The main factors that affect the quality of springs in grinding are as follows:(1) The grinding wheel should be selected reasonably; (2) the control of the bevel angle of the end ring; (3) a certain number of special measuring tools should be equipped to ...
110
2018 - 10 - 29
The torsion spring is divided into single torsion spring and double torsion spring. The spring is usually inserted into the pin or shaft. When external force is applied, a torsion force is generated according to the shaft center of the spring to make the spring coiled tightly or loose.Double - twist spring is divided into external double - twist and internal double - torque spring.The loops are either closely encircled or separately encircled to allow for a load of torque (at right angles to the spring axis).The end of the spring can be wound into a hook or straight twist arm.The following is ...
111
2018 - 08 - 20
8.3.3 test machine should have the following functions: test time or preset function;Dynamic timing or counting function; test amplitude display or control function; automatic stop function.Evaluation of 8.4 spring fatigue test results8.4.1 fatigue life determination: under a given failure condition, the measured spring reachesThe maximum cycle number is the fatigue life of the spring.Verification of 8.4.2 fatigue life: if the number of cycles is tested, if the spring does not failThe validation test proved that the test was passed.8.4.3 reliability verification: according to the given reliabi...
112
2018 - 10 - 15
(1) deformation heat treatment -- the combination of deformation reinforcement and heat treatment enhancement to further improve the strength and toughness of steel.Heat treatment of deformation has high, medium and low temperature.The high temperature deformation heat treatment is to produce the deformation immediately after the austenitic state at a stable distance, or can be combined with forging or hot rolling, that is, quenching immediately after hot forming.The deformation heat treatment has been applied to automobile plate spring production.(60 si2mn)(2) isothermal quenching of spring -...
113
2018 - 08 - 02
M- mass of the object acting on the spring (kg)Ms- spring mass (kg)  N- variable load cycle number  N- spring working circle  Nz- spring support ring number  N1- total number of turns of the spring  P'- Spring single ring stiffness (N/mm)  R- The middle radius of the coil (mm)  R1- inner radius of the coil (mm)  R2- outer radius of the coil (mm)  R- damping coefficient  S- safety factor  T-torque; torque (Nmm)  T'- torsional stiffness (N-mm /(0))T- spring momentTc- cable pitch (mm...
114
2018 - 09 - 25
Torsion spring is a mechanical force storage structure, mainly used in ancient crossbow guns and other crossbow.The torsion spring accumulates the force through the twist or rotation of the elastic material with a relatively soft and pliable material, and makes use of it so that the projectile has certain mechanical energy.The modern torsion spring torsion bar is made of excellent elastic steel, and the form is also changed a lot, including the wire on the inner surface of the mechanical watch, the power spring in the toy gyroscope gun, as well as the torsion bar in the tank and car.Small...
115
2018 - 09 - 10
The corrosion of spring can be divided into chemical corrosion and electrochemical corrosion according to the type of reaction.They are the result of changes in the metal atoms on the surface of the spring or the loss of electrons to an ionic state.If the metal on the surface of the spring simply reacts with the surrounding medium, and the spring causes corrosion, it is called chemical corrosion.For example, the spring is oxidized in the particularly dry atmosphere to form an oxidation film, and the spring is chemically changed with the liquid or impurity in the non-electrolyte liquid, which i...
116
2018 - 10 - 30
The ground spring is also a hydraulic door closer, except that it presses the spring with a worm gear rather than a rack and pinion.Because the worm wheel can be rotated in a positive and negative direction, the ground spring can be used for two-way open doors, while the door closer can only be used for one-way open doors.The technical key of the ground spring is the bearing seat at the lower part of the main shaft, which determines the bearing grade of the landing spring.Because the ground spring used for two-way doors carries the weight of the door, the weight of the door is crucial to the s...
117
2018 - 08 - 21
Like most other basic mechanisms, metal springs have existed for a long time in the bronze age. Even for metals, wood is used as a structural member of flexible bow and arrow and military catapult. In the Renaissance, precise clocks made precision springs the first necessity. In Fourteenth Century, we saw the precise clock of revolutionary astronomical navigation developed. The world's exploration and conquest of European colonial powers continue to provide impetus for watchmakers "science and art." The other area of the firearm promotes the development of the spring. At the dawn of ...
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Hot News / 热点新闻
2020 . 01 . 13
点击次数: 0
Constant force spring, or “clock” spring, is a roll of prestressed strip which exerts a nearly constant restraining force to resist uncoiling. The force is constant because the change in the radi...
2020 . 01 . 13
点击次数: 0
A compression spring is an open-coil helical spring that offers resistance to a compressive force applied axially. They are usually coiled at a constant diameter, though they can be coiled i...
2020 . 01 . 06
点击次数: 1
When choosing the right spring, selecting the best spring wire is a critical before manufacturing. Below are some of the most common spring wire materials and their unique characteristics .Stainless S...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 08 / 17
点击次数: 7
Detection of the characteristics of 7.2 torsion springsWhen measuring torque, the size of the torsional spring axis must be suitable. The inner diameter of the spring should be kept to a certain gap, and the friction force and friction torque caused by the contraction of the inner diameter of the spring should be avoided, and the measurement accuracy should be affected. But the spindle can not be too small, otherwise it will cause the offset between the external torque and the measuring torque center, resulting in the error of the torque measurement. The specific testing program for torsion spring torque: in addition to the pattern, the spring twists the spring to three times of the torsion angle corresponding to the allowable bending stress; the spring is worn in the test bar, the diamete...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 08 / 16
点击次数: 5
7. Detection of the characteristics of cylindrical helical spring7.1 detection of the characteristics of tension and compression springsThe characteristics of the characteristic tensile and compression springs of the 7.1.1 spring should be in accordance with the characteristics of the spring. Under the load of the specified height (or length), the deformation of the spring should be between the 20%~80% of the deformation amount under the test load, and when the I class precision is required, the deformation of the spring should be above 4mm at the specified height load. It should be between 30%~ 70% of the deformation amount under the test load.7. the load and stiffness of 1.2 spring load and stiffness can be detected by the spring tension test machine, and the large spring can be tested o...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 08 / 16
点击次数: 23
6.1.10 detection of parallelism between ends of springs: the spring is placed vertically on the plate.The difference between the maximum and minimum values of the surface of the end ring is measured by the dial indicator. The difference between the maximum and minimum values is the parallelism deviation between the ends of the spring.6.1.11 spring straightness detection: put the spring level on the plate and roll one.Zhou, determine its maximum bending position and measure the gap between the maximum bending point and the flat plate with a feeler gauge.The measured gap is the deviation of the straightness.Measurement of geometry size of 6.2 stretch springThe dimension of tensile spring is roughly measured: material diameter, free length and spring.The diameter, total number of rings, the r...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 08 / 15
点击次数: 11
Detection of geometric size of 6.1 compression springs6.1.1 spring material diameter detection: check the spring material diameter generally with vernier caliper or micrometer. In particular, attention should be paid to the inspection of springs with small winding wires and annealed alloy wires wrapped by automatic spring coiling machines.6.1.2 spring free height or free length detection: the spring is generally placed in horizontal position measurement. It is allowed to be placed in erect position only when the self weight has no obvious effect on the height or length of the spring when it is confirmed that the spring is upright. When the free height or length of the spring is greater than 500mm, the gauge is measured by ordinary steel tape and measured with vernier caliper or height gaug...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 08 / 15
点击次数: 8
1, Test classificationA) First inspection;B) Quality consistency check.2, A spring group of groupsThe spring shall be inspected according to the batch. Each batch shall consist of the same material specifications, grades, melting furnace numbers and springs made under the same technological conditions.3, First test3.1 The inspection of the production of the spring first piece must be carried out according to the test or inspection items specified in the drawings, and the determination of qualified and unqualified shall be made. 3.2 The first piece of spring must be checked and recorded in full. The inspector will inform the technician of the inspection result.4, Quality conformance testThe scope of application of the 4.1 whole test:4.1.1 Small batches of springs, such as less than 50 ...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 08 / 14
点击次数: 6
(5) the development of spring steel wireAfter more than 100 years of development, the technology of spring steel has experienced lead hardened to oil quenching, and now it develops to induction hardening. Coupled with the continuous innovation and improvement of technology and equipment, the quality of varieties is constantly updated. The newly developed valves have been developed by induction heating and tempering with spring steel wire. It has been proved that the plastic, toughness, relaxation, fracture toughness, delayed fracture resistance, fatigue life and so on are all compared with oil quenched and tempered steel because of the short induction heating time, small quenching microstructure and almost no decarburization layer on the surface of steel wire. The silk has a great improvem...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 08 / 14
点击次数: 7
(4) the development of stainless steelChina is a big country in the production of stainless steel. With the production and development of stainless steel, many varieties have been developed naturally. At present, more than 50 kinds of stainless steel have been developed, which basically meet the needs of domestic production and development, and a brief description of some new varieties developed at present.1) the initial formation of austenitic stainless steel system. Low carbon austenitic stainless steel 0Cr18Ni9 and 00Cr17Ni2Mo2 have been developed to eliminate fatigue corrosion caused by carbon element. In order to improve its special properties, Cu, Ti, Nb, Mn, Cr, Si and N elements can be added.2) the development of nitrogen containing stainless steel. The results of nitrogen generati...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 08 / 13
点击次数: 12
With the development of spring application technology, more requirements for spring materials are put forward. The main reason is to improve the fatigue life and anti relaxation performance under high stress; secondly, according to different uses, it is required for corrosion resistance, non magnetic, electrical conductivity, wear resistance, heat resistance and so on. In addition to the development of new varieties, the spring materials have achieved beneficial results in the aspects of strict control of chemical composition, reducing non-metallic inclusions, improving the surface quality and size accuracy.(1) development of the production process of spring steelIn order to improve the quality of spring steel, the industrial developed countries have generally adopted the refining technolo...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 08 / 13
点击次数: 20
Like most other basic mechanisms, metal springs have existed for a long time in the bronze age. Even for metals, wood is used as a structural member of flexible bow and arrow and military catapult. In the Renaissance, precise clocks made precision springs the first necessity. In Fourteenth Century, we saw the precise clock of revolutionary astronomical navigation developed. The world's exploration and conquest of European colonial powers continue to provide impetus for watchmakers "science and art." The other area of the firearm promotes the development of the spring. At the dawn of the industrial revolution in eighteenth Century, a large, accurate and cheap spring was proposed. Whereas the watchmaker's spring is often made by hand, the spring mass production is made of piano ste...
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