HOT INFORMATION
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  • 2018 . 10 . 17
    274
    Daisy
    Washing method according to the surface state:General considerationsWhen washing, please pay attention not to scratch the surface to avoid using the bleaching ingredients and the cleaning solution containing abrasive agent, steel ball (brush roller ball), grinding tools, etc. In order to remove the cleaning solution, wash the surface with clean water at the end of washing.Surface condition and washing methodDust and dirt are washed with soap, a mild detergent, or warm waterLabel and film with warm water, weak detergent to scrubThe binder ingredient is alcohol or organic solutionUse a mild cloth or paper to dry and then wash with a neutral detergent or an ammonia solution or a special detergentRinse immediately with water, soak in an aqueous solution of ammonia or neutral carbonated soda, a...
  • 2018 . 10 . 16
    263
    Daisy
    A, definitions,Spring steel refers to the steel specially used to make spring elastic elements due to its elasticity in the quenching and tempering states.The elasticity of steel depends on its elastic deformation capacity, that is, within the specified range, the elastic deformation capacity makes it bear a certain load, and no permanent deformation occurs after the load is removed.Spring steel shall have excellent comprehensive performance, such as mechanical properties (especially elastic limit, strength limit and yield ratio), anti-elastic and anti-elastic properties (i.e. anti-elastic and anti-loose properties), fatigue properties, quenching properties, physical and chemical properties (heat resistance, low temperature resistance, oxidation resistance, corrosion resistance, etc.).In o...
  • 2018 . 10 . 16
    258
    Daisy
    The selection of spring material shall be determined according to the properties of the spring bearing load, stress state, stress size, working temperature, environmental medium, service life, requirements for conducting and magnetic conductivity, technical performance, material source and price, etc.When determining the shape and size of the material section, the series sizes specified in the national standards and ministerial standards should be selected first, and non-standard series of materials should be avoided as far as possible.Medium and small-sized springs, especially spiral-tension springs, should be preferentially used steel wire, cold-drawn steel wire such as strengthened steel wire, lead bath and oil hardened tempered steel wire, which has higher strength and good surface qua...
  • 2018 . 10 . 15
    316
    Daisy
    There are three ways to use stainless steel spring to remove oil and oxide skin:1. Immerse the stainless steel spring into the plastic container with the metal cleaning agent A diluted with water (the proportion of cleaning agent A and water dilution is 1:1 or 1:2), and the time should be as follows: the spring surface should be free from oil and oxide skin to restore the metal color. The soaking time should not be too long.So stainless steel spring surface has matte effect.2. In the ultrasonic equipment, the proportion of cleaning agent and water is about 1:30. It is advisable to restore the metal color without oil and oxide skin on the spring surface.The above two methods can be applied to high precision spring.3. After the cleaning agent A is put into the vibration polishing machine wit...
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82
2018 - 08 - 15
Detection of geometric size of 6.1 compression springs6.1.1 spring material diameter detection: check the spring material diameter generally with vernier caliper or micrometer. In particular, attention should be paid to the inspection of springs with small winding wires and annealed alloy wires wrapped by automatic spring coiling machines.6.1.2 spring free height or free length detection: the spring is generally placed in horizontal position measurement. It is allowed to be placed in erect position only when the self weight has no obvious effect on the height or length of the spring when it is...
83
2018 - 08 - 29
In view of the harm caused by the surface defects of high carbon steel wire rods, the surface defects of high carbon steel wire rods were systematically analyzed by means of surface pickling, metallographic analysis and scanning electron microscopy, the types of defects were determined, the causes of defects were analyzed, and the improvement measures were put forward. After the implementation of these measures, the surface defects of high carbon steel wire rods were basically eliminated. Surface quality defects. The conclusions are as follows: 1. The surface defects found in high carbon ...
84
2018 - 09 - 12
Spring machine is now in the production of spring necessary equipment, due to the abundant of spring and the increase of precision is also more and more high to the requirement of spring machine, the spring machine maintenance is particularly important at ordinary times, and the main factors affecting the service life of spring machine has two, one is the operator of whether scientific and standardized operation, another is reasonable in daily maintenance.After using the spring machine for a period of time, the efficiency of the machine will be significantly reduced, affecting the efficiency o...
85
2018 - 09 - 22
1) high strength: in order to improve the spring's ability to resist fatigue failure and relaxation, the spring material should have a high yield strength and elastic limit, and in particular, a high ratio of strength to strength.In general, the elastic limit of the material is directly proportional to the yield strength, so the spring design and the manufacturer always want the material to have a high yield strength.The tensile strength and yield strength of the spring material are close, for example, about 90% of the carbon steel wire of cold drawn is about: since the tensile strength is...
86
2018 - 10 - 09
The paint used for the spring coating is usually of the following types:(1) asphalt paint has good water resistance, moisture resistance and corrosion resistance, especially excellent acid resistance and good alkali resistance.But adhesion, mechanical strength, poor decorative performance.(2) phenolic paint can be divided into two types: primer and topcoat. Phenolic primer has strong adhesion, good rust resistance, but poor mechanical strength and gloss.Phenolic coating film is hard, gloss good, but poor weather resistance, easy to yellow.(3) alkyd paint alkyd paint film is tough, with strong ...
87
2018 - 10 - 19
When the spring is made from materials that do not need to be hardened or tempered after forming, the process is spiral compression spring: rolling, de-stressed annealing, grinding of two ends, (shot blasting), (rectification), (de-stressed annealing), standing or strong pressure treatment, inspection, surface anti-corrosion treatment, packaging.Coil stretching spring: rolling, de-stress annealing, hook making, (cutting the tail), de-stress annealing, standing treatment, inspection, surface anti-corrosion treatment, packaging.Spiral torsion spring: rolling, de-stress annealing, torsion arm mak...
88
2018 - 11 - 02
Zinc electroplating: zinc is stable in dry air and changes little. A white film of zinc oxide or carbon zinc carbonate is formed in moist air. This dense film will prevent further corrosion. Therefore, the galvanizing layer is used for the spring corrosion protection under general atmospheric conditions. Zinc coating should not be used for all springs that are in contact with solutions such as sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid and caustic soda, as well as springs that work in humid air such as sulfur trioxide.Generally, passivation of galvanized coating can improve the protective performance of...
89
2018 - 07 - 23
(4) the development of stainless steelChina is a big country in the production of stainless steel. With the production and development of stainless steel, many varieties have been developed naturally. At present, more than 50 kinds of stainless steel have been developed, which basically meet the needs of domestic production and development, and a brief description of some new varieties developed at present.1) the initial formation of austenitic stainless steel system. Low carbon austenitic stainless steel 0Cr18Ni9 and 00Cr17Ni2Mo2 have been developed to eliminate fatigue corrosion caused by ca...
90
2018 - 08 - 02
M- mass of the object acting on the spring (kg)Ms- spring mass (kg)  N- variable load cycle number  N- spring working circle  Nz- spring support ring number  N1- total number of turns of the spring  P'- Spring single ring stiffness (N/mm)  R- The middle radius of the coil (mm)  R1- inner radius of the coil (mm)  R2- outer radius of the coil (mm)  R- damping coefficient  S- safety factor  T-torque; torque (Nmm)  T'- torsional stiffness (N-mm /(0))T- spring momentTc- cable p...
NEW INFORMATION / More
82
2018 - 08 - 08
The spring is often subjected to variable load or impact load. In order to ensure that the spring can work permanently and reliably, the material must have high elastic limit and fatigue limit. At the same time, it should have enough toughness and plasticity and good heat treatment.Spring materials and properties can be consulted in relevant manuals, specifications and standards (GB/T129.6-92, GB4357-89). The common spring steel is mainly:1: carbon spring steelThis kind of spring (such as 65, 70 steel, etc.) has the advantages of cheap price, convenient source of raw materials, low elastic lim...
83
2018 - 08 - 20
8.3.3 test machine should have the following functions: test time or preset function;Dynamic timing or counting function; test amplitude display or control function; automatic stop function.Evaluation of 8.4 spring fatigue test results8.4.1 fatigue life determination: under a given failure condition, the measured spring reachesThe maximum cycle number is the fatigue life of the spring.Verification of 8.4.2 fatigue life: if the number of cycles is tested, if the spring does not failThe validation test proved that the test was passed.8.4.3 reliability verification: according to the given reliabi...
84
2018 - 09 - 05
1, matching springs and springs based on automobiles, motorcycles, diesel engines and gasoline engines. This type of spring has valve spring, suspension spring, damping spring and clutch spring, etc., with a large amount, which accounts for about 50% of the spring production. At the same time, the technical level is also high, it can be said that the technical level of these springs is representative, they are mainly to the high fatigue life and high anti relaxation direction, thus reducing the quality. 2. Large springs and plate springs, which mainly include railway rolling stock, heavy ...
85
2018 - 09 - 18
1) make it clear whether to use raw drawn steel wire or lead hardened steel wire;2) propose the requirements of steel wire diameter, strength grade (group) and standard number (select according to table 1.1);3) if there are special requirements such as strength and diameter allowable error, etc. (standard parameters are in parts 2 and 3);4) special packaging and marking requirements (see 1.4);5) carbon steel spring suitable for long-term work under the condition of temperature 121 ℃, highest working temperature should be chosen alloy spring steel.3 special needsShaped cross section: square, re...
86
2018 - 09 - 28
The diameter of wire wound by automatic spring machine is 0.2-3mm, and the adjustment process is as follows:1. Calibrate the feeding roller and winch to fit the diameter of steel wire and install the pitch wedge and cutting knife.2. Insert the steel wire into the spring machine and press the pressure plate and feeding roller.3. Adjust the distance of winding xiao zi, control the diameter of spring, and adjust the pitch wedge and xiao zi Angle to control the spring pitch and parallel head.4. Install an appropriate cutter, adjust the feeding CAM according to the spring expansion length, cut off ...
87
2018 - 10 - 15
(1) deformation heat treatment -- the combination of deformation reinforcement and heat treatment enhancement to further improve the strength and toughness of steel.Heat treatment of deformation has high, medium and low temperature.The high temperature deformation heat treatment is to produce the deformation immediately after the austenitic state at a stable distance, or can be combined with forging or hot rolling, that is, quenching immediately after hot forming.The deformation heat treatment has been applied to automobile plate spring production.(60 si2mn)(2) isothermal quenching of spring -...
88
2018 - 10 - 25
The technological process of helical springs refers to the process of converting spring materials into finished springs, which flow through every process in sequence. Because of the spring material, the spring type and the processing method are different, the technological procedures of the spiral spring are also different. However, their basic technological processes are coil spring heat treatment end processing surface treatment.Next, introduce several typical processes.1. manufacturing compressed spiral spring with cold drawn spring steel wireFor the lathe coil spring, after the winding spr...
89
2019 - 12 - 16
Helical springsMaterials necessary for every aspect of daily life.  Helical spring is a spring that is subjected to torsional deformation, and its working part is also tightly wound into a helical shape. Its characteristic line is linear, can make compression spring, stretch spring and torsion spring. When the load is large and the radial size is limited, two compression springs with different diameters can be used together to become a combination spring. The total winding number n1 is the sum of the effective winding number n and the supporting winding number n2. Volute coil helical...
90
2018 - 07 - 16
Torsional springs are a kind of helical springs, which mainly produce torque or rotational force. The end of the torsion spring is fixed to other components. When other components rotate around the center of the spring, the spring pullback them back to the initial position. Although this spring is called torsion spring, it is subject to bending stress rather than torsional stress. The torsion spring can store and release angular energy or fix a device in a static way by rotating the force arm around the middle axis of the spring body. Torsion springs are usually tight, but there is pitch betwe...
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Hot News / 热点新闻
2020 . 01 . 13
点击次数: 57
Constant force spring, or “clock” spring, is a roll of prestressed strip which exerts a nearly constant restraining force to resist uncoiling. The force is constant because the change in the radi...
2020 . 01 . 13
点击次数: 69
A compression spring is an open-coil helical spring that offers resistance to a compressive force applied axially. They are usually coiled at a constant diameter, though they can be coiled i...
2020 . 01 . 06
点击次数: 25
When choosing the right spring, selecting the best spring wire is a critical before manufacturing. Below are some of the most common spring wire materials and their unique characteristics .Stainless S...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 09 / 11
点击次数: 11
Like most other basic mechanisms, metal springs have existed for a long time in the bronze age. Even for metals, wood is used as a structural member of flexible bow and arrow and military catapult. In the Renaissance, precise clocks made precision springs the first necessity. In Fourteenth Century, we saw the precise clock of revolutionary astronomical navigation developed. The world's exploration and conquest of European colonial powers continue to provide impetus for watchmakers "science and art." The other area of the firearm promotes the development of the spring. At the dawn of the industrial revolution in eighteenth Century, a large, accurate and cheap spring was proposed. Whereas the watchmaker's spring is often made by hand, the spring mass production is made of p...
作者: Daisy
发布时间: 2018 / 09 / 10
点击次数: 28
The corrosion of spring can be divided into chemical corrosion and electrochemical corrosion according to the type of reaction.They are the result of changes in the metal atoms on the surface of the spring or the loss of electrons to an ionic state.If the metal on the surface of the spring simply reacts with the surrounding medium, and the spring causes corrosion, it is called chemical corrosion.For example, the spring is oxidized in the particularly dry atmosphere to form an oxidation film, and the spring is chemically changed with the liquid or impurity in the non-electrolyte liquid, which is a chemical corrosion.If the spring is in contact with the electrolyte solution, the corrosion caused by the action of the micro battery is called electrochemical corrosion.For example, the spring is...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 09 / 10
点击次数: 42
Spring grinding is easy to produce cracks at the end of the tightness, and directly affect the verticality of the spring, load and free length size, so the general grinding process of spring should be carried out after stress relief tempering. Eliminate the residual stress of steel wire cold drawing to prevent the generation of end gap cracks.The main factors that affect the quality of springs in grinding are as follows:(1) The grinding wheel should be selected reasonably; (2) the control of the bevel angle of the end ring; (3) a certain number of special measuring tools should be equipped to ensure the grinding quality; (4) the grinding wheel should be repaired in time; (5) the correct size of the grinding sleeve should be selected, and the gap between the spring and the sleeve should be ...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 09 / 08
点击次数: 40
(1) heat treatment technology for strengthening springs.1) protective atmosphere heat treatment. In our country, protective atmosphere heat treatment is adopted in spring, oil quenched and tempered steel wire and toughened steel whose wire rod is less than 15mm. Heat treatment in protective atmosphere can remove surface decarbonization and oxidation and improve the surface quality of materials.2) induction heating or protective atmosphere induction heating heat treatment. This process is usually carried out on the wire before forming the coil spring. Some spring factories combine heat treatment of wire materials with spring making to reduce costs. Induction heating treatment has better strengthening effect, rapid induction heating speed, help to refine grain and reduce surface decarbonizat...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 09 / 07
点击次数: 15
In the heat treatment of forgings, the way of placing parts to reduce deformation is to hang them vertically as far as possible, to place them vertically at the bottom of the furnace, to support them horizontally with two points, to place the fulcrum between one-third and one-fourth of the full length, and to place them flat on the heat-resistant steel tooling.In the cooling process of parts, the types, cooling properties and hardenability of quenching medium are related to deformation. The change of cooling performance can be adjusted by changing the viscosity, temperature, liquid pressure, additives and stirring of the medium. The higher the viscosity of quenching oil, the higher the temperature, the smaller the elliptical deformation. In static state, the deformation is small.The follow...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 09 / 07
点击次数: 15
There are two types of heat treatment deformation: one is the size change, the other two is the change of part geometry. Different methods of heat treatment, deformation and deformation prevention of parts size and geometry are also different.The longer the holding time and the higher the temperature are, the more carbon is dissolved into austenite and the larger the expansion of martensite is. The expansion of martensite is the largest, followed by upper bainite, and the volume change of lower bainite and troostite is very small. At low temperature tempering, martensite shrinks and the amount of shrinkage is directly proportional to the supersaturated carbon content. When heated at room temperature of -200, part of austenite is transformed into martensite and expanded. However, the expans...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 09 / 06
点击次数: 22
The technological process of helical springs refers to the process of converting spring materials into finished springs, which flow through every process in sequence. Because of the spring material, the spring type and the processing method are different, the technological procedures of the spiral spring are also different. However, their basic technological processes are coil spring heat treatment end processing surface treatment.Next, introduce several typical processes.1. manufacturing compressed spiral spring with cold drawn spring steel wireFor the lathe coil spring, after the winding spring process has to be cut off, a spring connected to several springs is separated into a single spring.Some important springs can add a blank height classification procedure before grinding the face t...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 09 / 05
点击次数: 26
1, matching springs and springs based on automobiles, motorcycles, diesel engines and gasoline engines. This type of spring has valve spring, suspension spring, damping spring and clutch spring, etc., with a large amount, which accounts for about 50% of the spring production. At the same time, the technical level is also high, it can be said that the technical level of these springs is representative, they are mainly to the high fatigue life and high anti relaxation direction, thus reducing the quality. 2. Large springs and plate springs, which mainly include railway rolling stock, heavy truck and engineering machinery, are mainly formed by hot coil forming, which is an important aspect of the spring manufacturing industry. With the development of high-speed railway and the upgrading ...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 09 / 04
点击次数: 26
There are two types of heat treatment deformation: one is the size change, the other two is the change of part geometry. Different methods of heat treatment, deformation and deformation prevention of parts size and geometry are also different.The longer the holding time and the higher the temperature are, the more carbon is dissolved into austenite and the larger the expansion of martensite is. The expansion of martensite is the largest, followed by upper bainite, and the volume change of lower bainite and troostite is very small. At low temperature tempering, martensite shrinks and the amount of shrinkage is directly proportional to the supersaturated carbon content. When heated at room temperature of -200, part of austenite is transformed into martensite and expanded. However, the expans...
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