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  • 2018 . 11 . 01
    151
    Springs are ubiquitous in all kinds of machines—from consumer products to heavy industrial equipment, take apart anything that involves a mechanism, and chances are, you’ll find a spring inside. Springs are storage devices for mechanical energy—think of them as analogous to batteries! The earliest spring-driven clocks appeared in the 1400s. Fast-forward some 600 years, you still have to charge the Apple Watch everyday, and it’s not nearly as fast as winding a clock…but I digress.My personal fascination with springs began with Slinkies and wind-up toys, and countless mechanical pencils were sacrificed to satisfy my curiosity. These days, I appreciate the grown-up applications of springs, especially when I drive over potholes on Highway!
  • 2018 . 11 . 01
    362
    Daisy
    1) make it clear whether to use raw drawn steel wire or lead hardened steel wire;2) propose the requirements of steel wire diameter, strength grade (group) and standard number (select according to table 1.1);3) if there are special requirements such as strength and diameter allowable error, etc. (standard parameters are in parts 2 and 3);4) special packaging and marking requirements (see 1.4);5) carbon steel spring suitable for long-term work under the condition of temperature 121 ℃, highest working temperature should be chosen alloy spring steel.3 special needsShaped cross section: square, rectangle, hexagonal, etc.Annealing treatment: suitable for large deformation and plasticity, such as flattening and triangulation.Stabilization treatment: the steel wire will be straightened after bein...
  • 2018 . 10 . 30
    381
    Daisy
    The ground spring is also a hydraulic door closer, except that it presses the spring with a worm gear rather than a rack and pinion.Because the worm wheel can be rotated in a positive and negative direction, the ground spring can be used for two-way open doors, while the door closer can only be used for one-way open doors.The technical key of the ground spring is the bearing seat at the lower part of the main shaft, which determines the bearing grade of the landing spring.Because the ground spring used for two-way doors carries the weight of the door, the weight of the door is crucial to the selection of the ground spring compared to the door closer.Door width and air pressure are also important in choosing the type of ground spring.From the perspective of production, the worm wheel struct...
  • 2018 . 10 . 29
    252
    Daisy
    The torsion spring is divided into single torsion spring and double torsion spring. The spring is usually inserted into the pin or shaft. When external force is applied, a torsion force is generated according to the shaft center of the spring to make the spring coiled tightly or loose.Double - twist spring is divided into external double - twist and internal double - torque spring.The loops are either closely encircled or separately encircled to allow for a load of torque (at right angles to the spring axis).The end of the spring can be wound into a hook or straight twist arm.The following is the necessary information of a torsion spring:(1) free length.(2) control diameter :(a) outside diameter, (b) inside diameter, (c) inside diameter of casing, or (d) outside diameter through round rod....
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37
2018 - 07 - 25
1, matching springs and springs based on automobiles, motorcycles, diesel engines and gasoline engines. This type of spring has valve spring, suspension spring, damping spring and clutch spring, etc., with a large amount, which accounts for about 50% of the spring production. At the same time, the technical level is also high, it can be said that the technical level of these springs is representative, they are mainly to the high fatigue life and high anti relaxation direction, thus reducing the quality. 2. Large springs and plate springs, which mainly include railway rolling stock, heavy ...
38
2018 - 08 - 06
We can look at the relationship between the force applied to a spring and its resulting displacement. Again, there are three classes of springs: linear (or constant rate) springs, variable rate springs, and constant force springs. Linear springs Linear springs obey Hooke’s Law (F=k*x), which means that the force needed to extend or compress such a spring by distance x is proportional to the distance, as long as the force doesn’t exceed the elastic limit of the spring. Torsion springs obey an analogous version of Hooke’s Law (F=k*θ, where θ is an angle). In both cases, k is the spring rate, and...
39
2018 - 08 - 17
8, detection of fatigue property and relaxation rate of spring8.1 spring fatigue performance testing requirements: the spring that bears the variable load is in the internal quality of the enterprise.Quantity control, user inspection, new product certification, certification, industry sampling and process adjustment.In the ring section, the fatigue performance must be tested. The testing method can be tested by fatigue life testThere are two kinds of certificate test or reliability evaluation test, but they are classified and certified for products.Reliability evaluation test must be adopted t...
40
2018 - 09 - 03
The spring pressure test of metal springs usually uses electronic digital spring tension and compression testing machine. Electronic digital spring tension and compression testing machine is a special instrument for testing the deformation and load relationship characteristics of tension and compression springs. It is suitable for testing the working load of the tension and compression spring under a certain working length, and also for testing the elastic load of elastic devices such as rubber and spring.The pressure test of metal springs is generally divided into the following steps:1. Compr...
41
2018 - 09 - 14
55SiCr is the high-grade steel used for automobile suspension springs. The suspension springs bear the reciprocating compression motion in the process of automobile driving, and play the role of buffer and shock absorption, which has high requirements on the performance of steel.Decarburization is one of the main problems in the hot processing of spring steel. Decarburization of spring steel surface will seriously damage the fatigue performance of spring, especially when the total decarburization of ferrite occurs on spring steel surface, the fatigue limit of spring can be reduced by 50%.At pr...
42
2018 - 09 - 26
The selection of spring material shall be determined according to the properties of the spring bearing load, stress state, stress size, working temperature, environmental medium, service life, requirements for conducting and magnetic conductivity, technical performance, material source and price, etc.When determining the shape and size of the material section, the series sizes specified in the national standards and ministerial standards should be selected first, and non-standard series of materials should be avoided as far as possible.Medium and small-sized springs, especially spiral-tension ...
43
2018 - 10 - 11
Type of paint used on spring surfacesThe oxidation treatment of the spring (also known as bluish, blackened, cooked black, etc.) is mainly used to prevent the corrosion of the spring, and also to make the spring appearance bright.Oxidation treatment methods include: alkaline oxidation, alkali free oxidation and electrolytic oxidation.Spring oxidation treatment is often alkaline oxidation treatment, in the presence of oxidants (such as sodium nitrite) in caustic sodium solution.As the solution approaches the boiling point, the iron on the surface of the spring dissolves and forms sodium ferrite...
44
2018 - 10 - 22
The corrosion of spring can be divided into chemical corrosion and electrochemical corrosion according to the type of reaction.They are the result of changes in the metal atoms on the surface of the spring or the loss of electrons to an ionic state.If the metal on the surface of the spring simply reacts with the surrounding medium, and the spring causes corrosion, it is called chemical corrosion.For example, the spring is oxidized in the particularly dry atmosphere to form an oxidation film, and the spring is chemically changed with the liquid or impurity in the non-electrolyte liquid, which i...
45
2019 - 12 - 11
A compression spring comes in many configurations, shapes and sizes. They are conical, hourglass and barrel of varying lengths—and can be used as a shock absorber, vibration damper, a pure energy accumulator, or force generator. Because of their versatility, how efficiently they store energy and the multiple shapes in which they can be manufactured, these types of mechanical springs have a wide selection of applications.In the automotive industry, compression springs are used throughout the vehicle. In the medical applications , compression springs are used as parts in assemblin...
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37
2018 - 08 - 01
Core tips: elastic formula: F=kx, F for elastic, K for the stiffness coefficient, X for the length of the spring length, such as the length of the spring for example, to test a spring of 5N: 5N pull the stiffness coefficient of 100N/m spring, the spring is elongated 5cmF= KX, K is the stiffness coefficient (unit is Newton per meter), X is the spring elongation (unit is rice), this law is called Hooke's law.Elastic formula:F=kx, F is elastic, K is stiffness coefficient, X is spring stretch length.For example, to test a 5N spring:When a spring with a stiffness coefficient of 100N/m is pulled...
38
2018 - 08 - 14
(5) the development of spring steel wireAfter more than 100 years of development, the technology of spring steel has experienced lead hardened to oil quenching, and now it develops to induction hardening. Coupled with the continuous innovation and improvement of technology and equipment, the quality of varieties is constantly updated. The newly developed valves have been developed by induction heating and tempering with spring steel wire. It has been proved that the plastic, toughness, relaxation, fracture toughness, delayed fracture resistance, fatigue life and so on are all compared with oil...
39
2018 - 08 - 28
The technological process of helical springs refers to the process of converting spring materials into finished springs, which flow through every process in sequence. Because of the spring material, the spring type and the processing method are different, the technological procedures of the spiral spring are also different. However, their basic technological processes are coil spring heat treatment end processing surface treatment.Next, introduce several typical processes.1. manufacturing compressed spiral spring with cold drawn spring steel wireFor the lathe coil spring, after the winding spr...
40
2018 - 09 - 11
Vibration damping spring is a common elastic component, which is widely used in various vibration equipment and automobile manufacturing industries. It has the advantages of good stability, low noise, good isolation effect and long service life.Compression springs, rubber springs, composite springs, air bag springs are vibration - reducing springs.Vibration damping spring can be divided into: wire compression spring, rubber spring, compound spring, rubber air spring, etc.Steel wire compression spring is a spiral spring under pressure, it USES the material section is mostly circular, also USES ...
41
2018 - 09 - 22
Spring is a kind of elastic element widely used in the mechanical and electronic industries. Spring can produce greater elastic deformation when loaded, and convert mechanical work or kinetic energy into deformation energy. After unloading, the deformation of spring disappears and returns to its original state, and the deformation energy is transformed into mechanical work or kinetic energy.The ratio of load and deformation of the spring is called spring stiffness.  There are many kinds of springs. They are used in various fields. According to the deformation condition, they can be divide...
42
2018 - 10 - 09
1. The standing treatment of the compression spring is to compress the spring to the working limit height or to tighten the height several times, usually 3 to 5 times;For the stretching spring, the length of the spring is drawn to the working limit several times;Torsion spring, is the spring in the working direction of the 5522 for the ultimate torsion Angle several times.2. Strong pressure (strong tension and strong torsion) treatment for compression spring is to press the spring into the material layer and the stress exceeds the yield point, resulting in negative residual stress on the surfa...
43
2018 - 10 - 19
1、 preparation before peening1) the size and surface roughness before spring-shot blasting should meet the requirements of the pattern, except for special instructions (if it is necessary to reprocess the shot blasting surface).2) the spring shall complete the prescribed heat treatment before shot peening.3) the non-destructive test of the spring shall be completed before the shot peening treatment, or after the shot peening if there is special requirement.4) the surface of the spring to be sprayed should be clean, dry and free of oil.2、 treatment after shot peening1) the heating temperature o...
44
2018 - 11 - 01
Springs are ubiquitous in all kinds of machines—from consumer products to heavy industrial equipment, take apart anything that involves a mechanism, and chances are, you’ll find a spring inside. Springs are storage devices for mechanical energy—think of them as analogous to batteries! The earliest spring-driven clocks appeared in the 1400s. Fast-forward some 600 years, you still have to charge the Apple Watch everyday, and it’s not nearly as fast as winding a clock…but I digress.My personal fascination with springs began with Slinkies and wind-up toys, and countless mechanical pencils were sac...
45
2020 - 01 - 13
Constant force spring, or “clock” spring, is a roll of prestressed strip which exerts a nearly constant restraining force to resist uncoiling. The force is constant because the change in the radius of curvature is constant.   Such applications as brush springs for motors, counterbalance springs for window sashes and carriage return springs for typewriters. Constant force motor springs are used to drive mechanisms for timers, movie cameras and cable retractors.Constant force spring also known as coil spring helix in a plane of the spring, Spring is the material wound in...
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Hot News / 热点新闻
2020 . 01 . 13
点击次数: 20
Constant force spring, or “clock” spring, is a roll of prestressed strip which exerts a nearly constant restraining force to resist uncoiling. The force is constant because the change in the radi...
2020 . 01 . 13
点击次数: 33
A compression spring is an open-coil helical spring that offers resistance to a compressive force applied axially. They are usually coiled at a constant diameter, though they can be coiled i...
2020 . 01 . 06
点击次数: 10
When choosing the right spring, selecting the best spring wire is a critical before manufacturing. Below are some of the most common spring wire materials and their unique characteristics .Stainless S...
作者: Daisy
发布时间: 2018 / 10 / 17
点击次数: 273
Washing method according to the surface state:General considerationsWhen washing, please pay attention not to scratch the surface to avoid using the bleaching ingredients and the cleaning solution containing abrasive agent, steel ball (brush roller ball), grinding tools, etc. In order to remove the cleaning solution, wash the surface with clean water at the end of washing.Surface condition and washing methodDust and dirt are washed with soap, a mild detergent, or warm waterLabel and film with warm water, weak detergent to scrubThe binder ingredient is alcohol or organic solutionUse a mild cloth or paper to dry and then wash with a neutral detergent or an ammonia solution or a special detergentRinse immediately with water, soak in an aqueous solution of ammonia or neutral carbonated soda, a...
作者: Daisy
发布时间: 2018 / 10 / 16
点击次数: 262
A, definitions,Spring steel refers to the steel specially used to make spring elastic elements due to its elasticity in the quenching and tempering states.The elasticity of steel depends on its elastic deformation capacity, that is, within the specified range, the elastic deformation capacity makes it bear a certain load, and no permanent deformation occurs after the load is removed.Spring steel shall have excellent comprehensive performance, such as mechanical properties (especially elastic limit, strength limit and yield ratio), anti-elastic and anti-elastic properties (i.e. anti-elastic and anti-loose properties), fatigue properties, quenching properties, physical and chemical properties (heat resistance, low temperature resistance, oxidation resistance, corrosion resistance, etc.).In o...
作者: Daisy
发布时间: 2018 / 10 / 16
点击次数: 258
The selection of spring material shall be determined according to the properties of the spring bearing load, stress state, stress size, working temperature, environmental medium, service life, requirements for conducting and magnetic conductivity, technical performance, material source and price, etc.When determining the shape and size of the material section, the series sizes specified in the national standards and ministerial standards should be selected first, and non-standard series of materials should be avoided as far as possible.Medium and small-sized springs, especially spiral-tension springs, should be preferentially used steel wire, cold-drawn steel wire such as strengthened steel wire, lead bath and oil hardened tempered steel wire, which has higher strength and good surface qua...
作者: Daisy
发布时间: 2018 / 10 / 15
点击次数: 311
There are three ways to use stainless steel spring to remove oil and oxide skin:1. Immerse the stainless steel spring into the plastic container with the metal cleaning agent A diluted with water (the proportion of cleaning agent A and water dilution is 1:1 or 1:2), and the time should be as follows: the spring surface should be free from oil and oxide skin to restore the metal color. The soaking time should not be too long.So stainless steel spring surface has matte effect.2. In the ultrasonic equipment, the proportion of cleaning agent and water is about 1:30. It is advisable to restore the metal color without oil and oxide skin on the spring surface.The above two methods can be applied to high precision spring.3. After the cleaning agent A is put into the vibration polishing machine wit...
作者: Daisy
发布时间: 2018 / 10 / 15
点击次数: 370
(1) deformation heat treatment -- the combination of deformation reinforcement and heat treatment enhancement to further improve the strength and toughness of steel.Heat treatment of deformation has high, medium and low temperature.The high temperature deformation heat treatment is to produce the deformation immediately after the austenitic state at a stable distance, or can be combined with forging or hot rolling, that is, quenching immediately after hot forming.The deformation heat treatment has been applied to automobile plate spring production.(60 si2mn)(2) isothermal quenching of spring -- isothermal quenching can be adopted for springs with small diameter or sufficient permeability. It can not only reduce deformation, but also improve strength and toughness. It is better to conduct a...
作者: Daisy
发布时间: 2018 / 10 / 12
点击次数: 315
There are many ways of making spring, but the main forming part is cold forming and hot forming.In spring in the cold forming process, the spring mainly made by oil material toughening, lead bath quenching tempering spring wire, cold drawn wire, etc., using this kind of material in the manufacturing process of spring generally do not need special heat treatment and only requires the stress relieving, adopted by the spring design work stress and material performance.Spring cold forming process is generally suitable for special-shaped spring with small line diameter or more complicated shape, such as line diameter less than 15mm, various kinds of snap, pull, twist spring, convex, concave and arc spring, etc.The cold forming process is simple and avoids the deformation and decarburization of ...
作者: Daisy
发布时间: 2018 / 10 / 12
点击次数: 264
The spring is often corroded by the surrounding medium in the process of manufacture, storage and use.As the spring works under the influence of the spring force, the spring force will change and lose its function after being corroded.Therefore, preventing the corrosion of the spring can guarantee the stability of the spring and extend its service life.The corrosion of spring can be divided into chemical corrosion and electrochemical corrosion according to the type of reaction.They are the result of changes in the metal atoms on the surface of the spring or the loss of electrons to an ionic state.If the metal on the surface of the spring simply reacts with the surrounding medium, causing corrosion of the spring is called chemical corrosion.For example, the spring is oxidized in the particu...
作者: Daisy
发布时间: 2018 / 10 / 11
点击次数: 381
Type of paint used on spring surfacesThe oxidation treatment of the spring (also known as bluish, blackened, cooked black, etc.) is mainly used to prevent the corrosion of the spring, and also to make the spring appearance bright.Oxidation treatment methods include: alkaline oxidation, alkali free oxidation and electrolytic oxidation.Spring oxidation treatment is often alkaline oxidation treatment, in the presence of oxidants (such as sodium nitrite) in caustic sodium solution.As the solution approaches the boiling point, the iron on the surface of the spring dissolves and forms sodium ferrite and sodium ferrite, which is then made of ferrous ironSodium sulfate interacts with sodium ferrite to form magnetic iron oxide (Pe3O4), or oxide film, with a thickness of about 0.5-1.5 microns.The co...
作者: Daisy
发布时间: 2018 / 10 / 11
点击次数: 374
Manufacturers of heat treatment furnaces are adopting new features designed to improve the overall temperature distribution of their equipment: with improved ambient flow patterns, carefully designed energy and dynamic densities have brought very useful working capabilities.Process consistency is a major issue for aerospace (typically, Nadcap and AMS2750 U.S. army standards) and automotive (TS16949 test equipment) customers, and compatibility with more acceptable standards is building confidence between heat treatment equipment manufacturers and customers.This is especially true when the heat treatment furnace design matches the design of the expert process control system.Eurotherm already has a unique knowledge of aviation and automotive heat treatment specifications.These knowledge and s...
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