2018 - 04 - 18
To grow the business, we need to develop management expertise and innovation across the team.Thia is the picture of AFR team development activity in one of the shenzhen beach, From the faceof young team,  we can see the confidence and what they want to achieve!
2018 - 07 - 27
1, Test classificationA) First inspection;B) Quality consistency check.2, A spring group of groupsThe spring shall be inspected according to the batch. Each batch shall consist of the same material specifications, grades, melting furnace numbers and springs made under the same technological conditions.3, First test3.1 The inspection of the production of the spring first piece must be carried out according to the test or inspection items specified in the drawings, and the determination of qualified and unqualified shall be made. 3.2 The first piece of spring must be checked and recorded in...
2018 - 08 - 08
Springs can also be classified by how they’re made. The first spring that comes to most people’s minds is probably a metal coil spring, also known as a helical spring. However, there are many other types. Even an elastic band can be considered a variable rate spring, since it stores mechanical energy. Coil SpringsLightweight coil springs are made by forming metal wires on an CNC coiling machine. The multi-axis CNC control allows you to create variable pitches and end conditions only limited by your imagination. Springs that come off the coiling machines do not have springy properties. They nee...
2018 - 08 - 21
Like most other basic mechanisms, metal springs have existed for a long time in the bronze age. Even for metals, wood is used as a structural member of flexible bow and arrow and military catapult. In the Renaissance, precise clocks made precision springs the first necessity. In Fourteenth Century, we saw the precise clock of revolutionary astronomical navigation developed. The world's exploration and conquest of European colonial powers continue to provide impetus for watchmakers "science and art." The other area of the firearm promotes the development of the spring. At the dawn...
2018 - 09 - 05
1, matching springs and springs based on automobiles, motorcycles, diesel engines and gasoline engines. This type of spring has valve spring, suspension spring, damping spring and clutch spring, etc., with a large amount, which accounts for about 50% of the spring production. At the same time, the technical level is also high, it can be said that the technical level of these springs is representative, they are mainly to the high fatigue life and high anti relaxation direction, thus reducing the quality. 2. Large springs and plate springs, which mainly include railway rolling stock, heavy ...
2018 - 09 - 18
1) make it clear whether to use raw drawn steel wire or lead hardened steel wire;2) propose the requirements of steel wire diameter, strength grade (group) and standard number (select according to table 1.1);3) if there are special requirements such as strength and diameter allowable error, etc. (standard parameters are in parts 2 and 3);4) special packaging and marking requirements (see 1.4);5) carbon steel spring suitable for long-term work under the condition of temperature 121 ℃, highest working temperature should be chosen alloy spring steel.3 special needsShaped cross section: square, re...
2018 - 09 - 28
The diameter of wire wound by automatic spring machine is 0.2-3mm, and the adjustment process is as follows:1. Calibrate the feeding roller and winch to fit the diameter of steel wire and install the pitch wedge and cutting knife.2. Insert the steel wire into the spring machine and press the pressure plate and feeding roller.3. Adjust the distance of winding xiao zi, control the diameter of spring, and adjust the pitch wedge and xiao zi Angle to control the spring pitch and parallel head.4. Install an appropriate cutter, adjust the feeding CAM according to the spring expansion length, cut off ...
2018 - 10 - 15
(1) deformation heat treatment -- the combination of deformation reinforcement and heat treatment enhancement to further improve the strength and toughness of steel.Heat treatment of deformation has high, medium and low temperature.The high temperature deformation heat treatment is to produce the deformation immediately after the austenitic state at a stable distance, or can be combined with forging or hot rolling, that is, quenching immediately after hot forming.The deformation heat treatment has been applied to automobile plate spring production.(60 si2mn)(2) isothermal quenching of spring -...
2018 - 10 - 25
The technological process of helical springs refers to the process of converting spring materials into finished springs, which flow through every process in sequence. Because of the spring material, the spring type and the processing method are different, the technological procedures of the spiral spring are also different. However, their basic technological processes are coil spring heat treatment end processing surface treatment.Next, introduce several typical processes.1. manufacturing compressed spiral spring with cold drawn spring steel wireFor the lathe coil spring, after the winding spr...
2018 - 04 - 18
To grow the business, we need to develop management expertise and innovation across the team.Thia is the picture of AFR team development activity in one of the shenzhen beach, From the faceof young team,  we can see the confidence and what they want to achieve!
2018 - 08 - 02
M- mass of the object acting on the spring (kg)Ms- spring mass (kg)  N- variable load cycle number  N- spring working circle  Nz- spring support ring number  N1- total number of turns of the spring  P'- Spring single ring stiffness (N/mm)  R- The middle radius of the coil (mm)  R1- inner radius of the coil (mm)  R2- outer radius of the coil (mm)  R- damping coefficient  S- safety factor  T-torque; torque (Nmm)  T'- torsional stiffness (N-mm /(0))T- spring momentTc- cable p...
2018 - 08 - 16
6.1.10 detection of parallelism between ends of springs: the spring is placed vertically on the plate.The difference between the maximum and minimum values of the surface of the end ring is measured by the dial indicator. The difference between the maximum and minimum values is the parallelism deviation between the ends of the spring.6.1.11 spring straightness detection: put the spring level on the plate and roll one.Zhou, determine its maximum bending position and measure the gap between the maximum bending point and the flat plate with a feeler gauge.The measured gap is the deviation of the ...
2018 - 08 - 31
Spring drawings should be audited as follows: geometric parameters audit; physical parameters audit; technical conditions audit.(1) geometric parameters include material size, spring diameter, spring coil number, free height, spring rotation and so on.(2) physical parameters include load, stiffness, theoretical value of deformation, tolerance and so on.(3) Technical conditions include geometric tolerance, heat treatment process requirements, surface treatment, elastic compression treatment and shot peening treatment.
2018 - 09 - 13
The surface of steel is hardenedIn some parts, the surface layer of the workpiece bears higher stress than the core under the action of alternating loads such as torsion and bending and impact loads.In the case of friction, the surface layer is also constantly worn. Therefore, high strength, high hardness, high wear resistance and high fatigue limit are put forward for some surface layer of parts. Only surface strengthening can meet the above requirements.Because surface quenching has the advantages of small deformation and high productivity, it is widely used in production.According to differ...
2018 - 09 - 25
Torsion spring is a mechanical force storage structure, mainly used in ancient crossbow guns and other crossbow.The torsion spring accumulates the force through the twist or rotation of the elastic material with a relatively soft and pliable material, and makes use of it so that the projectile has certain mechanical energy.The modern torsion spring torsion bar is made of excellent elastic steel, and the form is also changed a lot, including the wire on the inner surface of the mechanical watch, the power spring in the toy gyroscope gun, as well as the torsion bar in the tank and car.Small...
2018 - 10 - 10
In recent years, the surface of the spring has been treated by the spring designers.The finishing (finishing) process is to put the spring directly into a series of finishing machines, such as tilting centrifugal type or spiral vibrating type, eddy current type, and add appropriate grinding materials, grinding agents and water for finishing.General optical finishing is about 20 to 30min. Specific optical finishing time depends on the spring shape and the amount of device.After finishing the finish, remove the spring and rinse it with tap water, then immerse in the SM series water film replacem...
2018 - 10 - 20
1) the selection basis of environmental factors in the use state of spring products: corrosion resistance, acid corrosion resistance, alkali corrosion resistance, salt corrosion resistance, water corrosion resistance, etc.Weather resistance;Resistance to stress and corrosion, fatigue and corrosion, etc.Wear resistance;Temperature resistance, etc.Radiation resistance, etc.2) selection basis of load characteristics of spring products: dynamic pulse-type cycle load, variable load, impact load, corrosion fatigue load, static load, large load and fatigue load, etc.3) selection basis of mechanical p...
2018 - 11 - 03
In the transmission mechanism of the press, when the clutch and the brake adopt mechanical rigid interlock, as long as the air is set on the clutch.The cylinder, the air pressure ACTS on the piston of the cylinder to make the clutch friction pair fit, and to make the air pressure of the spring brake brake friction pair separate and not brake, so when the air cylinder enters, the brake friction pair should be separated first, and then the clutch friction pair fits to complete the combination.The friction pair separation of the clutch and the friction pair fitting of the brake are respectively a...
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Definition and classification of spring steel

日期: 2018-10-16
浏览次数: 263

A, definitions,

Spring steel refers to the steel specially used to make spring elastic elements due to its elasticity in the quenching and tempering states.The elasticity of steel depends on its elastic deformation capacity, that is, within the specified range, the elastic deformation capacity makes it bear a certain load, and no permanent deformation occurs after the load is removed.Spring steel shall have excellent comprehensive performance, such as mechanical properties (especially elastic limit, strength limit and yield ratio), anti-elastic and anti-elastic properties (i.e. anti-elastic and anti-loose properties), fatigue properties, quenching properties, physical and chemical properties (heat resistance, low temperature resistance, oxidation resistance, corrosion resistance, etc.).In order to meet the above performance requirements, spring steel should have excellent metallurgical quality (high purity and uniformity), good surface quality (strict control of surface defects and decarburization), and accurate external dimensions.

According to GB/T 13304 steel classification standard, spring steel belongs to mechanical structure steel according to basic performance and service characteristics.According to the quality grade, it belongs to special quality steel, that is, steel with special strict control of quality and performance in the production process.According to our custom belong to special steel.

Second, the classification of

(1) classification by chemical composition

According to GB/T 13304 standard, spring steel is divided into non-alloy spring steel (carbon spring steel) and alloy spring steel according to its chemical composition.

Carbon spring steel

Carbon content (mass fraction) of carbon spring steel is generally 0.62%~0.90%.According to its manganese content, it is divided into general manganese content (mass fraction) (0.50%~0.80%) such as 65, 70, 85 and higher manganese content (mass fraction) (0.90%~1.20%), such as 65Mn.

2. Alloy spring steel

Alloy spring steel is a kind of steel based on carbon steel, which can improve its mechanical properties, quenching and other properties by adding one or more alloy elements to meet the requirements of various springs.

The basic composition of alloy spring steels include: silicon-manganese spring steels, silicon-chromium spring steels, cr-manganese spring steels, cr-v spring steels, stelli-chrome v spring steels, etc.Based on these series, some brands have added alloy elements such as molybdenum, vanadium or boron to improve their performance in some aspects.

In addition, from other types of steel, such as quality carbon structural steel, carbon tool steel, high-speed tool steel, stainless steel, choose some brands as spring steel.

(2) classified according to the production and processing methods

1. Hot-rolled (forged) steel includes hot-rolled round steel, square steel, flat steel, steel plate, forged round steel and square steel.

2. Cold drawn (rolled) steel products include steel wire, steel strip and cold drawn steel (cold drawn round steel).

(3) classified according to the payment status of steel

1) hot rolled (forged) steel

2) hot rolled (forged) steels are made into springs, which are then quenched and tempered.

Above all should accord with the corresponding delivery state hardness regulation.Cold drawn (rolled) steel

1) steel wire

When the spring is made of the lead bath isothermally quenched cold drawn steel wire (also known as pyden process cold drawn steel wire), the steel wire can be tempered at low temperature to eliminate the stress.

After the hardened and tempered steel wire is cold-drawn to the required size, the steel wire is subjected to continuous heating, continuous oil quenching and lead tempering.When steel wire is made into a spring, low temperature tempering is required to eliminate stress.

Metal wire (i.e., steel wire not hardened and tempered)

A. Deliver in cold drawn condition

B. Delivery shall be made under annealing, normalizing or tempering conditions

The steel wire in the above two states shall be hardened and tempered after being made into spring.Definition and classification of spring steel

2) steel belt

To eliminate stress, low temperature tempering is required when the spring is made from the cold rolled spring.

After the quenching and tempering of the impeller is delivered into the spring, low temperature tempering is required to eliminate stress.

The spring shall be hardened and tempered after the annealing condition is delivered.

3) cold-drawn steel

The steels are cold-formed into springs and then hardened and tempered.

(4) other classification methods

In addition to the above, there are other classification methods, such as:

According to the requirements of delivery conditions can be divided into chemical components (mechanical properties) delivery and delivery according to hardenability

According to the working conditions of spring, it can be divided into spring steel with static load, spring steel with impact load, spring steel with high (low) temperature and corrosion resistance.

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Constant force spring, or “clock” spring, is a roll of prestressed strip which exerts a nearly constant restraining force to resist uncoiling. The force is constant because the change in the radius of curvature is constant.   Such applications as brush springs for motors, counterbalance springs for window sashes and carriage return springs for typewriters. Constant force motor springs are used to drive mechanisms for timers, movie cameras and cable retractors.Constant force spring also known as coil spring helix in a plane of the spring, Spring is the material wound into a plane of the spiral of a spring, the spring is fixed at one end, the other end of the material after acting torque bending torque, bending elastic deformation, so the spring in its own plane to p...
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