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  • 2019 . 12 . 30
    78
    1、What is Passivation?As a post-fabrication method, passivation is intended to maximize the natural corrosion resistance of stainless steel. Stainless steel is a steel alloy that contains a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass and along with a number of other alloys. When stainless steel is newly formed it needs to be cleaned of lubricants, oils, greases and other substances used in its fabrication. Once the steel has been cleaned it must be passivated. Passivation is a process that treats metal surfaces with an acid solution to make the surface corrosion resistant.Passive to atmospheric conditions by removing the free iron from the surface that causes corrosion. Once treated with an acid solution, slowly and naturally a passive layer develops on the surface of the steel as the chromi...
  • 2019 . 12 . 30
    28
    Spring design and its fabrication play an important role in manufacturing and industry around the globe. Springs come in all shapes and sizes to meet industry needs and are made from a wide range of metal alloys. Materials used for spring design and wire forming consist of high strength alloys.In general, wire formed into springs is cold rolled or drawn, and a made of medium to high carbon steel with high yield strength that allows for excellent elastic properties.Mechanical PropertiesThe mechanical principles of springs are very basic. They are an elastic component. Potential mechanical energy is stored in the elastic materials of the spring while in a relaxed position.That energy is released and expended without any external power source through absorption or resistance only when it...
  • 2019 . 12 . 23
    38
    Precision metal stamping is a cold-form manufacturing process that converts metal sheets into desired shapes—be it parts, components, or finished products—for a variety of applications. In metal fabrications shops or manufacturing operations, metal sheets, known as blanks, are fed through the tool and die surface of stamping presses to shape and shear the blanks into a finished three-dimensional object. Precision metal stamping services allow for mass production of complex parts in any quantity for nearly all industry.  The automotive industry, in building and construction, appliance manufacturing, aviation, energy, and many more industries rely on metal components produced by precision metal stamping utilizing various stamping techniques for production. Techniques...
  • 2019 . 12 . 23
    19
    Medical springs are an important component in the manufacturing of devices and equipment used throughout the medical industry. The three main types of springs used in medical devices—compression, torsion, and extension—and each serve a valuable purpose in varying types of equipment, large and small.Springs are devices that store mechanical energy. Though they are relatively simple in design, they are ubiquitous components in all kinds of devices and machines in a wide range of products from medical devices and equipment to consumer goods and heavy industrial equipment. Nearly anything at all that involves a mechanism more than likely has a spring component.It is no surprise then that springs are an indispensable part in some of the most common and advanced medical equipment used ...
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10
2018 - 07 - 23
(4) the development of stainless steelChina is a big country in the production of stainless steel. With the production and development of stainless steel, many varieties have been developed naturally. At present, more than 50 kinds of stainless steel have been developed, which basically meet the needs of domestic production and development, and a brief description of some new varieties developed at present.1) the initial formation of austenitic stainless steel system. Low carbon austenitic stainless steel 0Cr18Ni9 and 00Cr17Ni2Mo2 have been developed to eliminate fatigue corrosion caused by ca...
11
2018 - 08 - 02
M- mass of the object acting on the spring (kg)Ms- spring mass (kg)  N- variable load cycle number  N- spring working circle  Nz- spring support ring number  N1- total number of turns of the spring  P'- Spring single ring stiffness (N/mm)  R- The middle radius of the coil (mm)  R1- inner radius of the coil (mm)  R2- outer radius of the coil (mm)  R- damping coefficient  S- safety factor  T-torque; torque (Nmm)  T'- torsional stiffness (N-mm /(0))T- spring momentTc- cable p...
12
2018 - 08 - 16
6.1.10 detection of parallelism between ends of springs: the spring is placed vertically on the plate.The difference between the maximum and minimum values of the surface of the end ring is measured by the dial indicator. The difference between the maximum and minimum values is the parallelism deviation between the ends of the spring.6.1.11 spring straightness detection: put the spring level on the plate and roll one.Zhou, determine its maximum bending position and measure the gap between the maximum bending point and the flat plate with a feeler gauge.The measured gap is the deviation of the ...
13
2018 - 08 - 30
The spring pressure test of metal springs usually uses electronic digital spring tension and compression testing machine. Electronic digital spring tension and compression testing machine is a special instrument for testing the deformation and load relationship characteristics of tension and compression springs. It is suitable for testing the working load of the tension and compression spring under a certain working length, and also for testing the elastic load of elastic devices such as rubber and spring.The pressure test of metal springs is generally divided into the following steps:1. Compr...
14
2018 - 09 - 12
There are many methods of construction of paint, most of which are used for springs in the following ways:(1) dip coating method dip coating method is to dip the spring into the paint groove, and then take out, and let the excess paint on the surface drip naturally. After drying, it is covered with paint film on the surface of the spring.The dip-coating method has high production efficiency and can be applied to mechanization and automation production.But the paint volatilizes quickly, the paint that contains heavy quality pigment and two component paint material (amine solidify epoxy paint, p...
15
2018 - 09 - 25
Nowadays, with the development of science and technology, spring has become a very important hardware accessory in our life. Different products use different springs, and the longest used springs can be roughly divided into: pull spring, twist spring, press spring, disc spring and plate spring.The following features of a very practical tension spring:Many different products or hooks are used to guarantee the source of the tension of the tension spring. The tension spring works in the opposite way to the compression spring. The tension spring works in the opposite way when stretching or pulling...
16
2018 - 10 - 10
Spring steel wire will generate residual stress during the process of cold drawing and oil quenching and heat treatment. Moreover, spring wire is formed during the process of manufacturing and shot peening is conducted.High frequency quenching, carburizing, nitrification, etc. are used as surface hardening treatment. As a result of these treatments, residual stress will be generated in the material.The qualitative and quantitative analysis of the residual stress of the material will be an important factor to improve the fatigue properties of the spring.Residual stress of the spring is usually ...
17
2018 - 10 - 20
After the end face grinding, if the free height, perpendicularity, pitch and outside diameter of the spring do not meet the deviation specified in the pattern, the screw compression spring often needs to be corrected.Calibration operations are generally manual or semi-manual.The commonly used tools are: the spring with the metal wire above 4mm, multi-purpose manual pressure machine, splitting machine, press and so on;For springs with wire under 4mm, special tools, pliers and hammers with wedge edge are often used.Calibration is to use these tools to make the spring locally plastic deformation ...
18
2018 - 11 - 03
In the transmission mechanism of the press, when the clutch and the brake adopt mechanical rigid interlock, as long as the air is set on the clutch.The cylinder, the air pressure ACTS on the piston of the cylinder to make the clutch friction pair fit, and to make the air pressure of the spring brake brake friction pair separate and not brake, so when the air cylinder enters, the brake friction pair should be separated first, and then the clutch friction pair fits to complete the combination.The friction pair separation of the clutch and the friction pair fitting of the brake are respectively a...
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10
2018 - 04 - 18
The most common way to classify springs is by how load is applied to them. You’re probably familiar with the following:Compression spring: designed to operate with a compressive load and found in shock absorbers, spring mattresses, mechanical pencils, and retractable pens. Extension spring: designed to operate with a tensile load. An archetypical example is a Slinky, but these are also found in luggage scales and garage door mechanisms. Torsion spring: designed to operate with torque (twisting force); powers every clothespin and mouse trap.
11
2018 - 08 - 06
We can look at the relationship between the force applied to a spring and its resulting displacement. Again, there are three classes of springs: linear (or constant rate) springs, variable rate springs, and constant force springs. Linear springs Linear springs obey Hooke’s Law (F=k*x), which means that the force needed to extend or compress such a spring by distance x is proportional to the distance, as long as the force doesn’t exceed the elastic limit of the spring. Torsion springs obey an analogous version of Hooke’s Law (F=k*θ, where θ is an angle). In both cases, k is the spring rate, and...
12
2018 - 08 - 17
8, detection of fatigue property and relaxation rate of spring8.1 spring fatigue performance testing requirements: the spring that bears the variable load is in the internal quality of the enterprise.Quantity control, user inspection, new product certification, certification, industry sampling and process adjustment.In the ring section, the fatigue performance must be tested. The testing method can be tested by fatigue life testThere are two kinds of certificate test or reliability evaluation test, but they are classified and certified for products.Reliability evaluation test must be adopted t...
13
2018 - 09 - 03
In order to remove the detergent, wash the surface with clean water at the end of washing.Surface condition and washing methodDust and easy to remove dirt - wash with soap, weak lotion or warm water.Label and film: scrub with warm water and weak detergent.Binder composition - using alcohol or organic solution;Fat, oil, lubricating oil contamination - with a soft cloth or paper after drying with a neutral detergent or ammonia solution or special detergent to wash;Bleaching agent and seed acid adherence - immediately rinse with water, soak in ammonia or neutral soda solution, then wash with neut...
14
2018 - 09 - 17
(1) metal tissue1. Metal: it has good thermal and electrical conductivity with opaque and metallic luster, and its electrical conductivity decreases with the increase of temperature, and it is rich in ductility and malleability.A solid (or crystal) in which the atoms of a metal are regularly arranged.2. Alloy: a substance which is composed of two or more metals or metals and non-metals and has metal properties.3. Phase: components with the same composition, structure and performance in the alloy.Solid solution: an atom (compound) of one (or several) element dissolves into the lattice of anothe...
15
2018 - 09 - 27
In the actual work, we often encounter that the spring cannot push the moving object to the set position, that is to say, the length of the spring's computational freedom becomes shorter.The main reason is that there is no initial compression, that is, a spring is made into a spring, which is compressed to its compression height or to its compression height (if necessary) with a greater force, and cannot be restored to its original free length upon release.Its shortened quantity is called "initial compression quantity".After repeating 3-6 times of compression, the length is no lo...
16
2018 - 10 - 12
The spring is often corroded by the surrounding medium in the process of manufacture, storage and use.As the spring works under the influence of the spring force, the spring force will change and lose its function after being corroded.Therefore, preventing the corrosion of the spring can guarantee the stability of the spring and extend its service life.The corrosion of spring can be divided into chemical corrosion and electrochemical corrosion according to the type of reaction.They are the result of changes in the metal atoms on the surface of the spring or the loss of electrons to an ionic st...
17
2018 - 10 - 23
For a long time, the shape and performance of the extension spring will change. If the extension spring is always in a certain situation, it may change its quality due to external conditions.Generally, there are the following situations:I. wear of extension spring :Wear can be divided into abrasive, fatigue and corrosion wear fracture.Ii. Brittle fractureThe majority of spring break belongs to brittle fracture.Plastic fracture is possible only when the working temperature is high.In engineering, fatigue fracture, stress corrosion fracture and hydrogen embrittlement fracture are calle...
18
2019 - 12 - 11
A compression spring comes in many configurations, shapes and sizes. They are conical, hourglass and barrel of varying lengths—and can be used as a shock absorber, vibration damper, a pure energy accumulator, or force generator. Because of their versatility, how efficiently they store energy and the multiple shapes in which they can be manufactured, these types of mechanical springs have a wide selection of applications.In the automotive industry, compression springs are used throughout the vehicle. In the medical applications , compression springs are used as parts in assemblin...
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Hot News / 热点新闻
2020 . 01 . 13
点击次数: 40
Constant force spring, or “clock” spring, is a roll of prestressed strip which exerts a nearly constant restraining force to resist uncoiling. The force is constant because the change in the radi...
2020 . 01 . 13
点击次数: 52
A compression spring is an open-coil helical spring that offers resistance to a compressive force applied axially. They are usually coiled at a constant diameter, though they can be coiled i...
2020 . 01 . 06
点击次数: 19
When choosing the right spring, selecting the best spring wire is a critical before manufacturing. Below are some of the most common spring wire materials and their unique characteristics .Stainless S...
作者:
发布时间: 2019 / 12 / 16
点击次数: 8
Put simply, the most important factors of torsion spring performance are spring rate deflection, load capacity, and wind. In a torsion spring, spring rate accounts for the return of angular torque per unit of angular displacement. Deflection is the amount that the spring resists pressure before overstressing itself and becoming damaged (bent), and the wind is simply how the spring is wound, be it right (clockwise), left (counterclockwise), or with double torsion.torsion springThe following is the necessary information of a torsion spring:(1) control diameter: (a) outer diameter, (b) inner diameter, (c)  angle(d) tolerances(2) size of wire or bar.(3) materials (type and grade).(4) coils number :(a) total winding number and (b) right or left turn.(5) finished(6) the load under...
作者:
发布时间: 2019 / 12 / 11
点击次数: 18
A compression spring comes in many configurations, shapes and sizes. They are conical, hourglass and barrel of varying lengths—and can be used as a shock absorber, vibration damper, a pure energy accumulator, or force generator. Because of their versatility, how efficiently they store energy and the multiple shapes in which they can be manufactured, these types of mechanical springs have a wide selection of applications.In the automotive industry, compression springs are used throughout the vehicle. In the medical applications , compression springs are used as parts in assembling a device.They also implanted straight into a patient’s body. For example, so specialized are the springs for arterial widening—not only the materials but also for the extremely small dimensions to ....
作者: Daisy
发布时间: 2018 / 12 / 03
点击次数: 438
Today, the development of science and technology, spring has been a very important hardware accessories in our life, different products use the spring is not the same, the longest used spring can be roughly divided into: tension spring, torsion spring, compression spring, spiral spring, flat spring.The following is a very practical tension spring characteristics of the application:Many different products or hooks are used to ensure that the tension spring tension source, tension spring and compression spring work in the opposite way, tension spring is in the extension or pull out of the reverse action, when we pull pull spring on both sides of the loop device, tension spring in the middle of the wire will try to pull them back together.Tension springs are usually stretched with a certain a...
作者: Daisy
发布时间: 2018 / 11 / 03
点击次数: 349
Internal combustion engine valve spring, low, medium and high stress valve spring, safety valve spring, pressure reducing valve, electric regulating valve, pneumatic regulating valve, self-support regulating valve, hydraulic control valve, steam trap, gate valve, as per valve, butterfly valve, ball valve, check valve, special valve, hydraulic valve, electromagnetic valve, etc.Relief valve: spring safety valve by using the spring force, spring loaded relief valve is closed and not closed in two kinds of structure, general inflammable, explosive or toxic medium should choose enclosed, steam or inert gases can choose not enclosed, in spring safety valve with a wrench and without a wrench, wrench mainly is to check the effect of the flexibility of the disc, sometimes also can be used as a manu...
作者: Daisy
发布时间: 2018 / 11 / 03
点击次数: 293
In the transmission mechanism of the press, when the clutch and the brake adopt mechanical rigid interlock, as long as the air is set on the clutch.The cylinder, the air pressure ACTS on the piston of the cylinder to make the clutch friction pair fit, and to make the air pressure of the spring brake brake friction pair separate and not brake, so when the air cylinder enters, the brake friction pair should be separated first, and then the clutch friction pair fits to complete the combination.The friction pair separation of the clutch and the friction pair fitting of the brake are respectively achieved by the clutch reset spring and the brake spring. Therefore, when the cylinder is vented, the brake spring and the reset spring separate the clutch friction pair and then make the brake fr...
作者: Daisy
发布时间: 2018 / 11 / 02
点击次数: 403
Zinc electroplating: zinc is stable in dry air and changes little. A white film of zinc oxide or carbon zinc carbonate is formed in moist air. This dense film will prevent further corrosion. Therefore, the galvanizing layer is used for the spring corrosion protection under general atmospheric conditions. Zinc coating should not be used for all springs that are in contact with solutions such as sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid and caustic soda, as well as springs that work in humid air such as sulfur trioxide.Generally, passivation of galvanized coating can improve the protective performance of coating and increase the appearance of coating.· cadmium electroplating: in the atmosphere of sea or high temperature, and the spring in contact with sea water, and in the spring in 70 pens of h...
作者: Daisy
发布时间: 2018 / 11 / 02
点击次数: 605
Cylindrical spiral spring structureThere are three types of cylindrical spiral spring:1. Cylindrical spiral compression spring1) spacing between springsLet the spring's pitch be p;The diameter of the spring wire is d;In the free state, there should be proper spacing between the circles.In order to make the spring still maintain a certain elasticity after compression, it is also necessary to ensure that there is a certain gap of 1 between each circle under the maximum load.The size of lens 1 is generally recommended to be: in addition 1=0.1d or greater than 0.2mm2) dead circleThe two ends of the spring are closed with the adjacent ring (no gap), which only supports the spring without deformation.When the number of working rings of the spring is less than or equal to 7, the dead ring at ...
作者:
发布时间: 2018 / 11 / 01
点击次数: 178
Springs are ubiquitous in all kinds of machines—from consumer products to heavy industrial equipment, take apart anything that involves a mechanism, and chances are, you’ll find a spring inside. Springs are storage devices for mechanical energy—think of them as analogous to batteries! The earliest spring-driven clocks appeared in the 1400s. Fast-forward some 600 years, you still have to charge the Apple Watch everyday, and it’s not nearly as fast as winding a clock…but I digress.My personal fascination with springs began with Slinkies and wind-up toys, and countless mechanical pencils were sacrificed to satisfy my curiosity. These days, I appreciate the grown-up applications of springs, especially when I drive over potholes on Highway!
作者: Daisy
发布时间: 2018 / 11 / 01
点击次数: 364
1) make it clear whether to use raw drawn steel wire or lead hardened steel wire;2) propose the requirements of steel wire diameter, strength grade (group) and standard number (select according to table 1.1);3) if there are special requirements such as strength and diameter allowable error, etc. (standard parameters are in parts 2 and 3);4) special packaging and marking requirements (see 1.4);5) carbon steel spring suitable for long-term work under the condition of temperature 121 ℃, highest working temperature should be chosen alloy spring steel.3 special needsShaped cross section: square, rectangle, hexagonal, etc.Annealing treatment: suitable for large deformation and plasticity, such as flattening and triangulation.Stabilization treatment: the steel wire will be straightened after bein...
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