2018 - 07 - 23
With the development of spring application technology, more requirements for spring materials are put forward. The main reason is to improve the fatigue life and anti relaxation performance under high stress; secondly, according to different uses, it is required for corrosion resistance, non magnetic, electrical conductivity, wear resistance, heat resistance and so on. In addition to the development of new varieties, the spring materials have achieved beneficial results in the aspects of strict control of chemical composition, reducing non-metallic inclusions, improving the surface quality and...
2018 - 08 - 02
Fr- spring radial load (N)  Radial stiffness of the F'r-spring (N/mm)  Fs- spring test load (N)  F- Spring deformation (mm)  Fj- deformation under working limit load Fj (mm)  Fr- spring static deformation (mm)  Fs- The amount of deformation of the spring under the test load Fs (mm); the amount of linear static deformation (mm)  Fo- tension spring corresponds to the assumed deformation amount (mm) of the tensile force Fo; the central deformation amount of the diaphragm (mm)  G-material shear modulus (MPa)  ...
2018 - 08 - 15
Detection of geometric size of 6.1 compression springs6.1.1 spring material diameter detection: check the spring material diameter generally with vernier caliper or micrometer. In particular, attention should be paid to the inspection of springs with small winding wires and annealed alloy wires wrapped by automatic spring coiling machines.6.1.2 spring free height or free length detection: the spring is generally placed in horizontal position measurement. It is allowed to be placed in erect position only when the self weight has no obvious effect on the height or length of the spring when it is...
2018 - 08 - 29
In view of the harm caused by the surface defects of high carbon steel wire rods, the surface defects of high carbon steel wire rods were systematically analyzed by means of surface pickling, metallographic analysis and scanning electron microscopy, the types of defects were determined, the causes of defects were analyzed, and the improvement measures were put forward. After the implementation of these measures, the surface defects of high carbon steel wire rods were basically eliminated. Surface quality defects. The conclusions are as follows: 1. The surface defects found in high carbon ...
2018 - 09 - 12
Spring machine is now in the production of spring necessary equipment, due to the abundant of spring and the increase of precision is also more and more high to the requirement of spring machine, the spring machine maintenance is particularly important at ordinary times, and the main factors affecting the service life of spring machine has two, one is the operator of whether scientific and standardized operation, another is reasonable in daily maintenance.After using the spring machine for a period of time, the efficiency of the machine will be significantly reduced, affecting the efficiency o...
2018 - 09 - 22
1) high strength: in order to improve the spring's ability to resist fatigue failure and relaxation, the spring material should have a high yield strength and elastic limit, and in particular, a high ratio of strength to strength.In general, the elastic limit of the material is directly proportional to the yield strength, so the spring design and the manufacturer always want the material to have a high yield strength.The tensile strength and yield strength of the spring material are close, for example, about 90% of the carbon steel wire of cold drawn is about: since the tensile strength is eas...
2018 - 10 - 09
The paint used for the spring coating is usually of the following types:(1) asphalt paint has good water resistance, moisture resistance and corrosion resistance, especially excellent acid resistance and good alkali resistance.But adhesion, mechanical strength, poor decorative performance.(2) phenolic paint can be divided into two types: primer and topcoat. Phenolic primer has strong adhesion, good rust resistance, but poor mechanical strength and gloss.Phenolic coating film is hard, gloss good, but poor weather resistance, easy to yellow.(3) alkyd paint alkyd paint film is tough, with strong ...
2018 - 10 - 19
When the spring is made from materials that do not need to be hardened or tempered after forming, the process is spiral compression spring: rolling, de-stressed annealing, grinding of two ends, (shot blasting), (rectification), (de-stressed annealing), standing or strong pressure treatment, inspection, surface anti-corrosion treatment, packaging.Coil stretching spring: rolling, de-stress annealing, hook making, (cutting the tail), de-stress annealing, standing treatment, inspection, surface anti-corrosion treatment, packaging.Spiral torsion spring: rolling, de-stress annealing, torsion arm mak...
2018 - 11 - 02
Zinc electroplating: zinc is stable in dry air and changes little. A white film of zinc oxide or carbon zinc carbonate is formed in moist air. This dense film will prevent further corrosion. Therefore, the galvanizing layer is used for the spring corrosion protection under general atmospheric conditions. Zinc coating should not be used for all springs that are in contact with solutions such as sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid and caustic soda, as well as springs that work in humid air such as sulfur trioxide.Generally, passivation of galvanized coating can improve the protective performance of...
2018 - 07 - 30
7. Detection of the characteristics of cylindrical helical spring7.1 detection of the characteristics of tension and compression springsThe characteristics of the characteristic tensile and compression springs of the 7.1.1 spring should be in accordance with the characteristics of the spring. Under the load of the specified height (or length), the deformation of the spring should be between the 20%~80% of the deformation amount under the test load, and when the I class precision is required, the deformation of the spring should be above 4mm at the specified height load. It should be between 30...
2018 - 08 - 10
Stainless steel spring general precautions when washing, please pay attention to no surface friction to avoid the use of bleaching components and washing liquid containing abrasives, steel ball, grinding tools, etc., in order to remove the washing liquid, washing the end, rinse the surface with clean water.Surface state and washing methodDust and scaling - wash with soap or warm water.Label and film - scrub with warm water and weak detergent.Binder ingredients - use alcohol or organic solution;Fat, oil, lubricating oil contamination - with soft cloth or paper after drying with a neutral deterg...
2018 - 08 - 24
We can look at the relationship between the force applied to a spring and its resulting displacement. Again, there are three classes of springs: linear (or constant rate) springs, variable rate springs, and constant force springs.Linear springsLinear springs obey Hooke’s Law (F=k*x), which means that the force needed to extend or compress such a spring by distance x is proportional to the distance, as long as the force doesn’t exceed the elastic limit of the spring. Torsion springs obey an analogous version of Hooke’s Law (F=k*θ, where θ is an angle). In both cases, k is the spring rate, and i...
2018 - 09 - 08
(1) heat treatment technology for strengthening springs.1) protective atmosphere heat treatment. In our country, protective atmosphere heat treatment is adopted in spring, oil quenched and tempered steel wire and toughened steel whose wire rod is less than 15mm. Heat treatment in protective atmosphere can remove surface decarbonization and oxidation and improve the surface quality of materials.2) induction heating or protective atmosphere induction heating heat treatment. This process is usually carried out on the wire before forming the coil spring. Some spring factories combine heat treatmen...
2018 - 09 - 20
The purpose of mold spring is to take off material, press material, the strength of the spring, which is related to whether the mold production is smooth, whether the product is qualified.Spring force is small, may cause the product to be out of shape, the mold does not take off the material, the product is bad to take out from the mold inside, the belt material, the knife edge, punch easy to wear and so on each kind of question.Mold spring according to different production times, compression amount selected, the larger the spring life, the shorter die life, of course, the broken spring can be...
2018 - 09 - 30
Please avoid the improper way of using (1) more than the use of the maximum compression (300000 back to the conditions, after a close with the use of a long) stress causing the wreck, close to close with the use of a long, can make the spring line department gradually close to that, because of the high spring constant change caused by load curve with high, nearly and produce high stress to make spring break, please do not use more than 300000 times.The use of the spring without prepressure due to the gap caused the spring up and down vibration caused the spring distortion, if there is prepress...
2018 - 10 - 17
Washing method according to the surface state:General considerationsWhen washing, please pay attention not to scratch the surface to avoid using the bleaching ingredients and the cleaning solution containing abrasive agent, steel ball (brush roller ball), grinding tools, etc. In order to remove the cleaning solution, wash the surface with clean water at the end of washing.Surface condition and washing methodDust and dirt are washed with soap, a mild detergent, or warm waterLabel and film with warm water, weak detergent to scrubThe binder ingredient is alcohol or organic solutionUse a mild clot...
2018 - 10 - 29
Each circle is formed into a tightly closed spiral ring or a pitch ring, which extends outwards when subjected to external forces and maintains a force of contraction towards the middle.There are many kinds of spring hooks: English hook, German hook, earring hook, fishtail hook, etc.(1) free length: (a) total length, (b) total length of the ring, and (c) length inside the hook ring.(2) control diameter :(a) outside diameter, (b) inside diameter, (c) inside diameter of casing.(3) steel wire size "wire diameter".(4) materials (type, grade).(5) winding number :(a) total winding number a...
2019 - 12 - 30
1、What is Passivation?As a post-fabrication method, passivation is intended to maximize the natural corrosion resistance of stainless steel. Stainless steel is a steel alloy that contains a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass and along with a number of other alloys. When stainless steel is newly formed it needs to be cleaned of lubricants, oils, greases and other substances used in its fabrication. Once the steel has been cleaned it must be passivated. Passivation is a process that treats metal surfaces with an acid solution to make the surface corrosion resistant.Passive to atmospheric ...
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Spring calibration process

日期: 2018-10-20
浏览次数: 293

After the end face grinding, if the free height, perpendicularity, pitch and outside diameter of the spring do not meet the deviation specified in the pattern, the screw compression spring often needs to be corrected.

Calibration operations are generally manual or semi-manual.The commonly used tools are: the spring with the metal wire above 4mm, multi-purpose manual pressure machine, splitting machine, press and so on;For springs with wire under 4mm, special tools, pliers and hammers with wedge edge are often used.Calibration is to use these tools to make the spring locally plastic deformation to achieve the required size of the pattern.

1、 application of calibration process

1) outside diameter correction.In general, coil spring can guarantee the deviation of outer diameter, but when the spring winding ratio is too large and the spring outer diameter tolerance requirements are particularly strict (beyond the spring related standards), the outer diameter needs to be corrected.

Calibration tools are commonly used with special clamp, special pressure plate and mandrel, etc.Spring calibration process

2) correction of pitch and height.When the pitch is used as the main indicator of acceptance and the spring free height cannot be guaranteed, the correction method can be adopted to adjust it.

3) correction of perpendicularity.In order to meet the requirement of high precision verticality, the verticality precision can be improved by adjusting the process under the condition of no guarantee during grinding.

2、the advantages and disadvantages of correction and the way to reduce correction. The correction process is to make the spring produce local plastic deformation through certain tools to meet the requirements specified in the pattern.This kind of work: the art has two sides: -- the aspect enhances the size accuracy, on the other hand often causes the bad influence to the spring performance, even brings the damage.

In order to reduce the influence of calibration on spring performance, stress relief annealing should be carried out after calibration.

Calibration of high labor intensity, labor hours, increased manufacturing costs.Therefore, measures should be taken in the following aspects to reduce or cancel the calibration process.

1) on the premise of ensuring the main performance of the spring, the design should try not to put too high requirements on the indicators such as verticality and pitch uniformity.

2) improve the uniformity and stability of mechanical properties of spring materials, especially the fluctuation range of tensile strength of spring materials should be as small as possible.

3) improve the precision of coil spring.The spiral Angle and coils of the spring's two ends are uniform and the pitch is uniform, and the error of free height is controlled within a certain range.

4) improve the precision of the grinding spring.Make the vertical degree of the spring as far as possible to meet the requirements of the pattern.

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2020 . 01 . 13
Constant force spring, or “clock” spring, is a roll of prestressed strip which exerts a nearly constant restraining force to resist uncoiling. The force is constant because the change in the radius of curvature is constant.   Such applications as brush springs for motors, counterbalance springs for window sashes and carriage return springs for typewriters. Constant force motor springs are used to drive mechanisms for timers, movie cameras and cable retractors.Constant force spring also known as coil spring helix in a plane of the spring, Spring is the material wound into a plane of the spiral of a spring, the spring is fixed at one end, the other end of the material after acting torque bending torque, bending elastic deformation, so the spring in its own plane to p...
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A compression spring is an open-coil helical spring that offers resistance to a compressive force applied axially. They are usually coiled at a constant diameter, though they can be coiled in other needed forms such as conical, concave (barrel), convex (hourglass), or various combinations of these. Compression springs are used to resist force and/or store energy,1、CharacteristicsBy far the most widely used type of spring, compression springs are designed to oppose compression and return to its uncompressed length when the applied force is removed. 2、Service LifeIt should be noted that if critical force-versus-deflection linearity is required, only the center 60-80% of the available deflection range should be employed.Thus, reserve at least the first and last 15-20% of t...
2020 . 01 . 06
When choosing the right spring, selecting the best spring wire is a critical before manufacturing. Below are some of the most common spring wire materials and their unique characteristics .Stainless Steel SpringsStainless steel springs have low-stress relaxation and resist corrosion. They have good strength at moderate temperatures and are resistant to heat. Extension springs are most commonly made from stainless steel.Extension springs absorb energy and provide resistance to pulling. As the name suggests, an extension spring stretches as a load is applied to it. Applications for extension springs include carburetors, trampolines and farm machinery.Oil Tempered Spring WireOil tempered wire is cold drawn and heat treated before plating. Ideal as a general purpose spring wire, it is often us...
2020 . 01 . 06
springs are a mechanical part that use elasticity to work. Generally made of spring steel. It is widely used in machines and instruments to control the movement of machine parts, mitigate impact or vibration, store and store energy, measure force, etc.The spring is just an accumulator, it has the function of storing energy, but can not release the energy slowly, to achieve the release of this function should rely on the 'spring + large transmission ratio mechanism' to achieve, common in the mechanical table.The spring is widely used in the mechanical and electronic industry. The spring can produce a large elastic deformation under load and convert mechanical work or kinetic energy into deformation energy. After unloading, the spring's deformation disappears and returns to its original stat...
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