HOT INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 07 - 23
With the development of spring application technology, more requirements for spring materials are put forward. The main reason is to improve the fatigue life and anti relaxation performance under high stress; secondly, according to different uses, it is required for corrosion resistance, non magnetic, electrical conductivity, wear resistance, heat resistance and so on. In addition to the development of new varieties, the spring materials have achieved beneficial results in the aspects of strict control of chemical composition, reducing non-metallic inclusions, improving the surface quality and...
2
2018 - 08 - 02
Fr- spring radial load (N)  Radial stiffness of the F'r-spring (N/mm)  Fs- spring test load (N)  F- Spring deformation (mm)  Fj- deformation under working limit load Fj (mm)  Fr- spring static deformation (mm)  Fs- The amount of deformation of the spring under the test load Fs (mm); the amount of linear static deformation (mm)  Fo- tension spring corresponds to the assumed deformation amount (mm) of the tensile force Fo; the central deformation amount of the diaphragm (mm)  G-material shear modulus (MPa)  ...
3
2018 - 08 - 15
Detection of geometric size of 6.1 compression springs6.1.1 spring material diameter detection: check the spring material diameter generally with vernier caliper or micrometer. In particular, attention should be paid to the inspection of springs with small winding wires and annealed alloy wires wrapped by automatic spring coiling machines.6.1.2 spring free height or free length detection: the spring is generally placed in horizontal position measurement. It is allowed to be placed in erect position only when the self weight has no obvious effect on the height or length of the spring when it is...
4
2018 - 08 - 29
In view of the harm caused by the surface defects of high carbon steel wire rods, the surface defects of high carbon steel wire rods were systematically analyzed by means of surface pickling, metallographic analysis and scanning electron microscopy, the types of defects were determined, the causes of defects were analyzed, and the improvement measures were put forward. After the implementation of these measures, the surface defects of high carbon steel wire rods were basically eliminated. Surface quality defects. The conclusions are as follows: 1. The surface defects found in high carbon ...
5
2018 - 09 - 12
Spring machine is now in the production of spring necessary equipment, due to the abundant of spring and the increase of precision is also more and more high to the requirement of spring machine, the spring machine maintenance is particularly important at ordinary times, and the main factors affecting the service life of spring machine has two, one is the operator of whether scientific and standardized operation, another is reasonable in daily maintenance.After using the spring machine for a period of time, the efficiency of the machine will be significantly reduced, affecting the efficiency o...
6
2018 - 09 - 22
1) high strength: in order to improve the spring's ability to resist fatigue failure and relaxation, the spring material should have a high yield strength and elastic limit, and in particular, a high ratio of strength to strength.In general, the elastic limit of the material is directly proportional to the yield strength, so the spring design and the manufacturer always want the material to have a high yield strength.The tensile strength and yield strength of the spring material are close, for example, about 90% of the carbon steel wire of cold drawn is about: since the tensile strength is eas...
7
2018 - 10 - 09
The paint used for the spring coating is usually of the following types:(1) asphalt paint has good water resistance, moisture resistance and corrosion resistance, especially excellent acid resistance and good alkali resistance.But adhesion, mechanical strength, poor decorative performance.(2) phenolic paint can be divided into two types: primer and topcoat. Phenolic primer has strong adhesion, good rust resistance, but poor mechanical strength and gloss.Phenolic coating film is hard, gloss good, but poor weather resistance, easy to yellow.(3) alkyd paint alkyd paint film is tough, with strong ...
8
2018 - 10 - 19
When the spring is made from materials that do not need to be hardened or tempered after forming, the process is spiral compression spring: rolling, de-stressed annealing, grinding of two ends, (shot blasting), (rectification), (de-stressed annealing), standing or strong pressure treatment, inspection, surface anti-corrosion treatment, packaging.Coil stretching spring: rolling, de-stress annealing, hook making, (cutting the tail), de-stress annealing, standing treatment, inspection, surface anti-corrosion treatment, packaging.Spiral torsion spring: rolling, de-stress annealing, torsion arm mak...
9
2018 - 11 - 02
Zinc electroplating: zinc is stable in dry air and changes little. A white film of zinc oxide or carbon zinc carbonate is formed in moist air. This dense film will prevent further corrosion. Therefore, the galvanizing layer is used for the spring corrosion protection under general atmospheric conditions. Zinc coating should not be used for all springs that are in contact with solutions such as sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid and caustic soda, as well as springs that work in humid air such as sulfur trioxide.Generally, passivation of galvanized coating can improve the protective performance of...
NEW INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 07 - 30
7. Detection of the characteristics of cylindrical helical spring7.1 detection of the characteristics of tension and compression springsThe characteristics of the characteristic tensile and compression springs of the 7.1.1 spring should be in accordance with the characteristics of the spring. Under the load of the specified height (or length), the deformation of the spring should be between the 20%~80% of the deformation amount under the test load, and when the I class precision is required, the deformation of the spring should be above 4mm at the specified height load. It should be between 30...
2
2018 - 08 - 10
Stainless steel spring general precautions when washing, please pay attention to no surface friction to avoid the use of bleaching components and washing liquid containing abrasives, steel ball, grinding tools, etc., in order to remove the washing liquid, washing the end, rinse the surface with clean water.Surface state and washing methodDust and scaling - wash with soap or warm water.Label and film - scrub with warm water and weak detergent.Binder ingredients - use alcohol or organic solution;Fat, oil, lubricating oil contamination - with soft cloth or paper after drying with a neutral deterg...
3
2018 - 08 - 24
We can look at the relationship between the force applied to a spring and its resulting displacement. Again, there are three classes of springs: linear (or constant rate) springs, variable rate springs, and constant force springs.Linear springsLinear springs obey Hooke’s Law (F=k*x), which means that the force needed to extend or compress such a spring by distance x is proportional to the distance, as long as the force doesn’t exceed the elastic limit of the spring. Torsion springs obey an analogous version of Hooke’s Law (F=k*θ, where θ is an angle). In both cases, k is the spring rate, and i...
4
2018 - 09 - 08
(1) heat treatment technology for strengthening springs.1) protective atmosphere heat treatment. In our country, protective atmosphere heat treatment is adopted in spring, oil quenched and tempered steel wire and toughened steel whose wire rod is less than 15mm. Heat treatment in protective atmosphere can remove surface decarbonization and oxidation and improve the surface quality of materials.2) induction heating or protective atmosphere induction heating heat treatment. This process is usually carried out on the wire before forming the coil spring. Some spring factories combine heat treatmen...
5
2018 - 09 - 20
The purpose of mold spring is to take off material, press material, the strength of the spring, which is related to whether the mold production is smooth, whether the product is qualified.Spring force is small, may cause the product to be out of shape, the mold does not take off the material, the product is bad to take out from the mold inside, the belt material, the knife edge, punch easy to wear and so on each kind of question.Mold spring according to different production times, compression amount selected, the larger the spring life, the shorter die life, of course, the broken spring can be...
6
2018 - 09 - 30
Please avoid the improper way of using (1) more than the use of the maximum compression (300000 back to the conditions, after a close with the use of a long) stress causing the wreck, close to close with the use of a long, can make the spring line department gradually close to that, because of the high spring constant change caused by load curve with high, nearly and produce high stress to make spring break, please do not use more than 300000 times.The use of the spring without prepressure due to the gap caused the spring up and down vibration caused the spring distortion, if there is prepress...
7
2018 - 10 - 17
Washing method according to the surface state:General considerationsWhen washing, please pay attention not to scratch the surface to avoid using the bleaching ingredients and the cleaning solution containing abrasive agent, steel ball (brush roller ball), grinding tools, etc. In order to remove the cleaning solution, wash the surface with clean water at the end of washing.Surface condition and washing methodDust and dirt are washed with soap, a mild detergent, or warm waterLabel and film with warm water, weak detergent to scrubThe binder ingredient is alcohol or organic solutionUse a mild clot...
8
2018 - 10 - 29
Each circle is formed into a tightly closed spiral ring or a pitch ring, which extends outwards when subjected to external forces and maintains a force of contraction towards the middle.There are many kinds of spring hooks: English hook, German hook, earring hook, fishtail hook, etc.(1) free length: (a) total length, (b) total length of the ring, and (c) length inside the hook ring.(2) control diameter :(a) outside diameter, (b) inside diameter, (c) inside diameter of casing.(3) steel wire size "wire diameter".(4) materials (type, grade).(5) winding number :(a) total winding number a...
9
2019 - 12 - 30
1、What is Passivation?As a post-fabrication method, passivation is intended to maximize the natural corrosion resistance of stainless steel. Stainless steel is a steel alloy that contains a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass and along with a number of other alloys. When stainless steel is newly formed it needs to be cleaned of lubricants, oils, greases and other substances used in its fabrication. Once the steel has been cleaned it must be passivated. Passivation is a process that treats metal surfaces with an acid solution to make the surface corrosion resistant.Passive to atmospheric ...
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Production of spring

日期: 2018-10-25
浏览次数: 378
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The technological process of helical springs refers to the process of converting spring materials into finished springs, which flow through every process in sequence. Because of the spring material, the spring type and the processing method are different, the technological procedures of the spiral spring are also different. However, their basic technological processes are coil spring heat treatment end processing surface treatment.

Next, introduce several typical processes.

1. manufacturing compressed spiral spring with cold drawn spring steel wire

For the lathe coil spring, after the winding spring process has to be cut off, a spring connected to several springs is separated into a single spring.

Some important springs can add a blank height classification procedure before grinding the face to ensure grinding quality. The grinding process can be divided into two processes: rough grinding and fine Tang, and burrs or chamfering after rough grinding.

2. using cold drawn spring steel wire to make spiral spring

The manufacture of stretched coil spring has a special automatic spring coiling machine abroad. For some typical hook rings, it can be completed once in the coil spring process. However, the machine tool has not been produced in China. The drawing spring hook ring is made by some special moulds, and it is a special working procedure.

It is worth noting that the residual stress in the stress recovery process after the coil spring is eliminated in the process of winding, and the tempering process after the making of the hook and ring is to eliminate the internal stress produced when the hook ring is made. Although these two processes all have the effect of eliminating internal stress, they can not be merged into one process, because the former process of tempering has a "shape" function to ensure the relative position precision of the hook and ring. And the heating temperature of the subsequent tempering process must not be higher than the tempering temperature of the previous one.

Unlike compression springs, tensile springs are usually not subjected to "tensile" treatment. Since pellets are difficult to spray into the inner surface of the spring, shot peening is not carried out.

Production of spring

3. using cold drawn spring steel wire to make torsional spiral spring

Similar to the tensile springs, the manufacture of the torsion spring is also made by a special automatic reed abroad. For some typical twisting arms, it can be completed at the same time in the coil spring process. However, at present, only the straightaway spring coiling machine is used in China, and the torsion arm must be completed with special mould in special process.

At present, there are two typical technological processes for the production of twisting spiral springs at home. One is to set down the material first and then to reel the other other processes, such as the process flow of the double arm spring, and the other is the process similar to the spring, but the spring is the hook ring and the torsion spring is the twist arm.

As the residual stress produced in the coil spring is opposite to the direction of the working stress, the tempering process is often omitted in order to allow these beneficial residual stresses to reduce the peak stress of the working stress. However, tempering treatment is conducive to stabilizing the grain structure of spring materials and reducing the deformation caused by collisions in spring transportation.

Strong torsion treatment is also a procedure for arranging very few special torsion springs.

4. make spring springs with spring steel wire supplied by annealed state.

The alloy spring steel wire supplied by the annealing state is mainly used to make the compressed spiral spring. Its process flow is mainly quenched and tempered after forming, and the spring end needs to be treated by normalizing, and the other processes are basically the same.

The process flow of 5. hot coil large spring

The spring with material diameter greater than 12mm is often called large spring and is usually made by thermoforming. The hot coil spring is basically a compressed spiral spring.

The hot coil spring is a core coil spring. For the coil conical helical compression spring, because of the difficulty of "opening" (winding out pitch) during the rolling process, it has the task of opening the gears in the correction process. In addition, in order to ensure quenching temperature, the calibration process must be accurate and rapid. Otherwise, the quenching must be reheated. In order to improve the fatigue life of hot coil spring, shot peening should be carried out as far as possible.


Relevant recommendations
2020 . 01 . 13
Constant force spring, or “clock” spring, is a roll of prestressed strip which exerts a nearly constant restraining force to resist uncoiling. The force is constant because the change in the radius of curvature is constant.   Such applications as brush springs for motors, counterbalance springs for window sashes and carriage return springs for typewriters. Constant force motor springs are used to drive mechanisms for timers, movie cameras and cable retractors.Constant force spring also known as coil spring helix in a plane of the spring, Spring is the material wound into a plane of the spiral of a spring, the spring is fixed at one end, the other end of the material after acting torque bending torque, bending elastic deformation, so the spring in its own plane to p...
2020 . 01 . 13
A compression spring is an open-coil helical spring that offers resistance to a compressive force applied axially. They are usually coiled at a constant diameter, though they can be coiled in other needed forms such as conical, concave (barrel), convex (hourglass), or various combinations of these. Compression springs are used to resist force and/or store energy,1、CharacteristicsBy far the most widely used type of spring, compression springs are designed to oppose compression and return to its uncompressed length when the applied force is removed. 2、Service LifeIt should be noted that if critical force-versus-deflection linearity is required, only the center 60-80% of the available deflection range should be employed.Thus, reserve at least the first and last 15-20% of t...
2020 . 01 . 06
When choosing the right spring, selecting the best spring wire is a critical before manufacturing. Below are some of the most common spring wire materials and their unique characteristics .Stainless Steel SpringsStainless steel springs have low-stress relaxation and resist corrosion. They have good strength at moderate temperatures and are resistant to heat. Extension springs are most commonly made from stainless steel.Extension springs absorb energy and provide resistance to pulling. As the name suggests, an extension spring stretches as a load is applied to it. Applications for extension springs include carburetors, trampolines and farm machinery.Oil Tempered Spring WireOil tempered wire is cold drawn and heat treated before plating. Ideal as a general purpose spring wire, it is often us...
2020 . 01 . 06
springs are a mechanical part that use elasticity to work. Generally made of spring steel. It is widely used in machines and instruments to control the movement of machine parts, mitigate impact or vibration, store and store energy, measure force, etc.The spring is just an accumulator, it has the function of storing energy, but can not release the energy slowly, to achieve the release of this function should rely on the 'spring + large transmission ratio mechanism' to achieve, common in the mechanical table.The spring is widely used in the mechanical and electronic industry. The spring can produce a large elastic deformation under load and convert mechanical work or kinetic energy into deformation energy. After unloading, the spring's deformation disappears and returns to its original stat...
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