HOT INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 07 - 23
(4) the development of stainless steelChina is a big country in the production of stainless steel. With the production and development of stainless steel, many varieties have been developed naturally. At present, more than 50 kinds of stainless steel have been developed, which basically meet the needs of domestic production and development, and a brief description of some new varieties developed at present.1) the initial formation of austenitic stainless steel system. Low carbon austenitic stainless steel 0Cr18Ni9 and 00Cr17Ni2Mo2 have been developed to eliminate fatigue corrosion caused by ca...
2
2018 - 08 - 02
M- mass of the object acting on the spring (kg)Ms- spring mass (kg)  N- variable load cycle number  N- spring working circle  Nz- spring support ring number  N1- total number of turns of the spring  P'- Spring single ring stiffness (N/mm)  R- The middle radius of the coil (mm)  R1- inner radius of the coil (mm)  R2- outer radius of the coil (mm)  R- damping coefficient  S- safety factor  T-torque; torque (Nmm)  T'- torsional stiffness (N-mm /(0))T- spring momentTc- cable p...
3
2018 - 08 - 16
6.1.10 detection of parallelism between ends of springs: the spring is placed vertically on the plate.The difference between the maximum and minimum values of the surface of the end ring is measured by the dial indicator. The difference between the maximum and minimum values is the parallelism deviation between the ends of the spring.6.1.11 spring straightness detection: put the spring level on the plate and roll one.Zhou, determine its maximum bending position and measure the gap between the maximum bending point and the flat plate with a feeler gauge.The measured gap is the deviation of the ...
4
2018 - 08 - 30
The spring pressure test of metal springs usually uses electronic digital spring tension and compression testing machine. Electronic digital spring tension and compression testing machine is a special instrument for testing the deformation and load relationship characteristics of tension and compression springs. It is suitable for testing the working load of the tension and compression spring under a certain working length, and also for testing the elastic load of elastic devices such as rubber and spring.The pressure test of metal springs is generally divided into the following steps:1. Compr...
5
2018 - 09 - 12
There are many methods of construction of paint, most of which are used for springs in the following ways:(1) dip coating method dip coating method is to dip the spring into the paint groove, and then take out, and let the excess paint on the surface drip naturally. After drying, it is covered with paint film on the surface of the spring.The dip-coating method has high production efficiency and can be applied to mechanization and automation production.But the paint volatilizes quickly, the paint that contains heavy quality pigment and two component paint material (amine solidify epoxy paint, p...
6
2018 - 09 - 25
Nowadays, with the development of science and technology, spring has become a very important hardware accessory in our life. Different products use different springs, and the longest used springs can be roughly divided into: pull spring, twist spring, press spring, disc spring and plate spring.The following features of a very practical tension spring:Many different products or hooks are used to guarantee the source of the tension of the tension spring. The tension spring works in the opposite way to the compression spring. The tension spring works in the opposite way when stretching or pulling...
7
2018 - 10 - 10
Spring steel wire will generate residual stress during the process of cold drawing and oil quenching and heat treatment. Moreover, spring wire is formed during the process of manufacturing and shot peening is conducted.High frequency quenching, carburizing, nitrification, etc. are used as surface hardening treatment. As a result of these treatments, residual stress will be generated in the material.The qualitative and quantitative analysis of the residual stress of the material will be an important factor to improve the fatigue properties of the spring.Residual stress of the spring is usually ...
8
2018 - 10 - 20
After the end face grinding, if the free height, perpendicularity, pitch and outside diameter of the spring do not meet the deviation specified in the pattern, the screw compression spring often needs to be corrected.Calibration operations are generally manual or semi-manual.The commonly used tools are: the spring with the metal wire above 4mm, multi-purpose manual pressure machine, splitting machine, press and so on;For springs with wire under 4mm, special tools, pliers and hammers with wedge edge are often used.Calibration is to use these tools to make the spring locally plastic deformation ...
9
2018 - 11 - 03
In the transmission mechanism of the press, when the clutch and the brake adopt mechanical rigid interlock, as long as the air is set on the clutch.The cylinder, the air pressure ACTS on the piston of the cylinder to make the clutch friction pair fit, and to make the air pressure of the spring brake brake friction pair separate and not brake, so when the air cylinder enters, the brake friction pair should be separated first, and then the clutch friction pair fits to complete the combination.The friction pair separation of the clutch and the friction pair fitting of the brake are respectively a...
NEW INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 04 - 18
To grow the business, we need to develop management expertise and innovation across the team.Thia is the picture of AFR team development activity in one of the shenzhen beach, From the faceof young team,  we can see the confidence and what they want to achieve!
2
2018 - 08 - 02
M- mass of the object acting on the spring (kg)Ms- spring mass (kg)  N- variable load cycle number  N- spring working circle  Nz- spring support ring number  N1- total number of turns of the spring  P'- Spring single ring stiffness (N/mm)  R- The middle radius of the coil (mm)  R1- inner radius of the coil (mm)  R2- outer radius of the coil (mm)  R- damping coefficient  S- safety factor  T-torque; torque (Nmm)  T'- torsional stiffness (N-mm /(0))T- spring momentTc- cable p...
3
2018 - 08 - 16
6.1.10 detection of parallelism between ends of springs: the spring is placed vertically on the plate.The difference between the maximum and minimum values of the surface of the end ring is measured by the dial indicator. The difference between the maximum and minimum values is the parallelism deviation between the ends of the spring.6.1.11 spring straightness detection: put the spring level on the plate and roll one.Zhou, determine its maximum bending position and measure the gap between the maximum bending point and the flat plate with a feeler gauge.The measured gap is the deviation of the ...
4
2018 - 08 - 31
Spring drawings should be audited as follows: geometric parameters audit; physical parameters audit; technical conditions audit.(1) geometric parameters include material size, spring diameter, spring coil number, free height, spring rotation and so on.(2) physical parameters include load, stiffness, theoretical value of deformation, tolerance and so on.(3) Technical conditions include geometric tolerance, heat treatment process requirements, surface treatment, elastic compression treatment and shot peening treatment.
5
2018 - 09 - 13
The surface of steel is hardenedIn some parts, the surface layer of the workpiece bears higher stress than the core under the action of alternating loads such as torsion and bending and impact loads.In the case of friction, the surface layer is also constantly worn. Therefore, high strength, high hardness, high wear resistance and high fatigue limit are put forward for some surface layer of parts. Only surface strengthening can meet the above requirements.Because surface quenching has the advantages of small deformation and high productivity, it is widely used in production.According to differ...
6
2018 - 09 - 25
Torsion spring is a mechanical force storage structure, mainly used in ancient crossbow guns and other crossbow.The torsion spring accumulates the force through the twist or rotation of the elastic material with a relatively soft and pliable material, and makes use of it so that the projectile has certain mechanical energy.The modern torsion spring torsion bar is made of excellent elastic steel, and the form is also changed a lot, including the wire on the inner surface of the mechanical watch, the power spring in the toy gyroscope gun, as well as the torsion bar in the tank and car.Small...
7
2018 - 10 - 10
In recent years, the surface of the spring has been treated by the spring designers.The finishing (finishing) process is to put the spring directly into a series of finishing machines, such as tilting centrifugal type or spiral vibrating type, eddy current type, and add appropriate grinding materials, grinding agents and water for finishing.General optical finishing is about 20 to 30min. Specific optical finishing time depends on the spring shape and the amount of device.After finishing the finish, remove the spring and rinse it with tap water, then immerse in the SM series water film replacem...
8
2018 - 10 - 20
1) the selection basis of environmental factors in the use state of spring products: corrosion resistance, acid corrosion resistance, alkali corrosion resistance, salt corrosion resistance, water corrosion resistance, etc.Weather resistance;Resistance to stress and corrosion, fatigue and corrosion, etc.Wear resistance;Temperature resistance, etc.Radiation resistance, etc.2) selection basis of load characteristics of spring products: dynamic pulse-type cycle load, variable load, impact load, corrosion fatigue load, static load, large load and fatigue load, etc.3) selection basis of mechanical p...
9
2018 - 11 - 03
In the transmission mechanism of the press, when the clutch and the brake adopt mechanical rigid interlock, as long as the air is set on the clutch.The cylinder, the air pressure ACTS on the piston of the cylinder to make the clutch friction pair fit, and to make the air pressure of the spring brake brake friction pair separate and not brake, so when the air cylinder enters, the brake friction pair should be separated first, and then the clutch friction pair fits to complete the combination.The friction pair separation of the clutch and the friction pair fitting of the brake are respectively a...
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Penetration testing of springs

日期: 2018-10-22
浏览次数: 156
Daisy

Osmosis detection will be the basic principle of the spring of dip coating (penetrant) some penetration ability of the solution, the infiltration of surface defects, and then to remove excess penetrant, appeared in the surface layer of the tu yi agent again, at this point defects remaining in the penetrant sucked out, under the purple pay-off (fluorescence) observation or direct observation, can be found that the existence of defects.Osmotic detection can be used for the detection of ferromagnetic springs as well as non-ferromagnetic materials such as copper alloy and austenitic stainless steel springs.

(1) oil immersion test can be used for spring whose diameter of wire is greater than 8mm.The spring that has been cleaned on the surface is immersed in kerosene, or the mixture of 50% (mass fraction) kerosene and 50% (mass fraction) l-an32, and soaked for about 20min (appropriately increasing the oil temperature can shorten the soaking time, but the oil temperature is limited to 80~C).When soaking, the oil will infiltrate into the cracks and other defects, after the oil soaked spring sandblasting to remove all the oil, check the spring surface, can identify the cracked spring.

Penetration testing of springs

(2) fluorescence detection is suitable for large springs and smaller springs. The method is similar to that of oil immersion detection, except that oil is changed to permeate agent containing phosphor powder.Fluorescent materials show bright color traces under near ultraviolet light, so it is easy to find cracks or other open defects.As the osmotic agent benzene is poisonous, it should be protected.

(3) the staining method is composed of three solutions: cleaning solution, osmotic solution and display solution.When using surface to be tested first washed with cleaning fluid, then penetrating fluid jet to test parts of the spring, wait a moment, for penetrating fluid infiltration defects, then use clean surface cleaning fluid, finally to show agent injection to the surface of the spring, defects can be displayed, in order to make the defect marked, according to general penetrants in red.

The permeation test shows a width of 0.The defect of 01mm is easy to operate and easy to use.But the disadvantages are low efficiency, the solution can not be recycled, high cost, and only surface opening defects can be found.


Relevant recommendations
2020 . 01 . 13
Constant force spring, or “clock” spring, is a roll of prestressed strip which exerts a nearly constant restraining force to resist uncoiling. The force is constant because the change in the radius of curvature is constant.   Such applications as brush springs for motors, counterbalance springs for window sashes and carriage return springs for typewriters. Constant force motor springs are used to drive mechanisms for timers, movie cameras and cable retractors.Constant force spring also known as coil spring helix in a plane of the spring, Spring is the material wound into a plane of the spiral of a spring, the spring is fixed at one end, the other end of the material after acting torque bending torque, bending elastic deformation, so the spring in its own plane to p...
2020 . 01 . 13
A compression spring is an open-coil helical spring that offers resistance to a compressive force applied axially. They are usually coiled at a constant diameter, though they can be coiled in other needed forms such as conical, concave (barrel), convex (hourglass), or various combinations of these. Compression springs are used to resist force and/or store energy,1、CharacteristicsBy far the most widely used type of spring, compression springs are designed to oppose compression and return to its uncompressed length when the applied force is removed. 2、Service LifeIt should be noted that if critical force-versus-deflection linearity is required, only the center 60-80% of the available deflection range should be employed.Thus, reserve at least the first and last 15-20% of t...
2020 . 01 . 06
When choosing the right spring, selecting the best spring wire is a critical before manufacturing. Below are some of the most common spring wire materials and their unique characteristics .Stainless Steel SpringsStainless steel springs have low-stress relaxation and resist corrosion. They have good strength at moderate temperatures and are resistant to heat. Extension springs are most commonly made from stainless steel.Extension springs absorb energy and provide resistance to pulling. As the name suggests, an extension spring stretches as a load is applied to it. Applications for extension springs include carburetors, trampolines and farm machinery.Oil Tempered Spring WireOil tempered wire is cold drawn and heat treated before plating. Ideal as a general purpose spring wire, it is often us...
2020 . 01 . 06
springs are a mechanical part that use elasticity to work. Generally made of spring steel. It is widely used in machines and instruments to control the movement of machine parts, mitigate impact or vibration, store and store energy, measure force, etc.The spring is just an accumulator, it has the function of storing energy, but can not release the energy slowly, to achieve the release of this function should rely on the 'spring + large transmission ratio mechanism' to achieve, common in the mechanical table.The spring is widely used in the mechanical and electronic industry. The spring can produce a large elastic deformation under load and convert mechanical work or kinetic energy into deformation energy. After unloading, the spring's deformation disappears and returns to its o...
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