HOT INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 07 - 24
Wire forming spring is a mechanical part that uses elasticity to work. It is usually made of spring steel. It is used to control the movement of machine parts, to mitigate impact or vibration, to store energy and to measure the magnitude of force. It is widely used in machines and instruments.The spring is just an accumulator. It has the function of storing energy, but it can not release the energy slowly. To realize the function of releasing slowly, it should be realized by "Spring + large transmission ratio mechanism", which is common in the mechanical meter.Spring is a kind of ela...
2
2018 - 08 - 06
Springs are ubiquitous in all kinds of machines—from consumer products to heavy industrial equipment, take apart anything that involves a mechanism, and chances are, you’ll find a spring inside. Springs are storage devices for mechanical energy—think of them as analogous to batteries! The earliest spring-driven clocks appeared in the 1400s. Fast-forward some 600 years, you still have to charge the Apple Watch everyday, and it’s not nearly as fast as winding a clock…but I digress.My personal fascination with springs began with Slinkies and wind-up toys, and countless mechanical pencils were sac...
3
2018 - 08 - 17
Detection of the characteristics of 7.2 torsion springsWhen measuring torque, the size of the torsional spring axis must be suitable. The inner diameter of the spring should be kept to a certain gap, and the friction force and friction torque caused by the contraction of the inner diameter of the spring should be avoided, and the measurement accuracy should be affected. But the spindle can not be too small, otherwise it will cause the offset between the external torque and the measuring torque center, resulting in the error of the torque measurement. The specific testing program for torsion sp...
4
2018 - 08 - 31
1. Shape effect is mainly caused by design factors, such as small fillet R, inappropriate location of acupoints, poor cross-sectional transition. 2. Overheating (overheating) is mainly caused by improper temperature control or running temperature, excessive process setting temperature, uneven furnace temperature and other factors. Preventive measures include overhaul, calibration of temperature control system, correction of process temperature, the addition of pad iron between the workpiece and furnace floor, etc.3. Decarbonization is mainly caused by overheating (or overburning), unprote...
5
2018 - 09 - 14
Manufacturers of heat treatment furnaces are adopting new features designed to improve the overall temperature distribution of their equipment: with improved ambient flow patterns, carefully designed energy and dynamic densities have brought very useful working capabilities.Process consistency is a major issue for aerospace (typically, Nadcap and AMS2750 U.S. army standards) and automotive (TS16949 test equipment) customers, and compatibility with more acceptable standards is building confidence between heat treatment equipment manufacturers and customers.This is especially true when the heat ...
6
2018 - 09 - 26
For a long time, the shape and performance of the extension spring will change. If the extension spring is always in a certain situation, it may change its quality due to external conditions.Generally, there are the following situations:I. wear of extension spring :Wear can be divided into abrasive, fatigue and corrosion wear fracture.Ii. Brittle fractureThe majority of spring break belongs to brittle fracture.Plastic fracture is possible only when the working temperature is high.In engineering, fatigue fracture, stress corrosion fracture and hydrogen embrittlement fracture are called brittle ...
7
2018 - 10 - 11
Manufacturers of heat treatment furnaces are adopting new features designed to improve the overall temperature distribution of their equipment: with improved ambient flow patterns, carefully designed energy and dynamic densities have brought very useful working capabilities.Process consistency is a major issue for aerospace (typically, Nadcap and AMS2750 U.S. army standards) and automotive (TS16949 test equipment) customers, and compatibility with more acceptable standards is building confidence between heat treatment equipment manufacturers and customers.This is especially true when the heat ...
8
2018 - 10 - 22
Osmosis detection will be the basic principle of the spring of dip coating (penetrant) some penetration ability of the solution, the infiltration of surface defects, and then to remove excess penetrant, appeared in the surface layer of the tu yi agent again, at this point defects remaining in the penetrant sucked out, under the purple pay-off (fluorescence) observation or direct observation, can be found that the existence of defects.Osmotic detection can be used for the detection of ferromagnetic springs as well as non-ferromagnetic materials such as copper alloy and austenitic stainless stee...
9
2018 - 12 - 03
Today, the development of science and technology, spring has been a very important hardware accessories in our life, different products use the spring is not the same, the longest used spring can be roughly divided into: tension spring, torsion spring, compression spring, spiral spring, flat spring.The following is a very practical tension spring characteristics of the application:Many different products or hooks are used to ensure that the tension spring tension source, tension spring and compression spring work in the opposite way, tension spring is in the extension or pull out of the revers...
NEW INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 07 - 31
8.3.3 test machine should have the following functions: test time or preset function;Dynamic timing or counting function; test amplitude display or control function; automatic stop function.Evaluation of 8.4 spring fatigue test results8.4.1 fatigue life determination: under a given failure condition, the measured spring reachesThe maximum cycle number is the fatigue life of the spring.Verification of 8.4.2 fatigue life: if the number of cycles is tested, if the spring does not failThe validation test proved that the test was passed.8.4.3 reliability verification: according to the given reliabi...
2
2018 - 08 - 14
(4) the development of stainless steelChina is a big country in the production of stainless steel. With the production and development of stainless steel, many varieties have been developed naturally. At present, more than 50 kinds of stainless steel have been developed, which basically meet the needs of domestic production and development, and a brief description of some new varieties developed at present.1) the initial formation of austenitic stainless steel system. Low carbon austenitic stainless steel 0Cr18Ni9 and 00Cr17Ni2Mo2 have been developed to eliminate fatigue corrosion caused by ca...
3
2018 - 08 - 27
Core tip: the surface of spring can be generally treated, such as blackening (blue), phosphating, electroplating, spray molding, etc. In recent years, the zinc chromium film dacroa DACROMET dacroa protective layer has excellent corrosion resistance, which is 710 times the corrosion resistance of the traditional electroplating layer, and there is no hydrogen embrittlement in the electroplating process. Generally, the surface of springs can be treated, such as blackening (blue), phosphating, electroplating, spray molding, etc. In recent years, the zinc chromium film "dacrom DACROMET da...
4
2018 - 09 - 11
Like most other basic mechanisms, metal springs have existed for a long time in the bronze age. Even for metals, wood is used as a structural member of flexible bow and arrow and military catapult. In the Renaissance, precise clocks made precision springs the first necessity. In Fourteenth Century, we saw the precise clock of revolutionary astronomical navigation developed. The world's exploration and conquest of European colonial powers continue to provide impetus for watchmakers "science and art." The other area of the firearm promotes the development of the spring. At the dawn...
5
2018 - 09 - 21
compression spring is under axial pressure of the spiral spring, it is used in the data section for more rounded, useful also rectangle and multi-strand steel rolled a travelling, spring is usually pitch, such as the shape of the compression spring are: cylindrical, conical, convex and concave and a small amount of noncircular, compression spring there is a certain gap between circle and circle, when under external load spring contraction deformation, deformation energy storage.The tension spring is a spiral spring that bears the axial tension.When there is no load, the stretch spring is usual...
6
2018 - 10 - 08
The spring should ideally conform to hooke's law, that is, the relationship between stress and strain in the elastic range is linear.However, since the actual spring steel is a polyphase and polycrystalline material, there must be inconsistencies in composition, structure, elasticity, etc., and the stress and strain deviated from the linear relationship within the elastic range, which is called elastic incompleteness or anelastic.The phenomena such as elastic after effect, elastic lag, stress relaxation and elastic modulus decrease are produced.After tempering, the stabilization process ca...
7
2018 - 10 - 18
With the rapid development of technology, spring's figure is everywhere, playing an irreplaceable role in all walks of life.How to use the properties of the spring itself according to local conditions will be today's small talk about the content.Spring measuring functionWe know that, within the elastic limit, the extension (or contraction) of the stretching spring, compression spring, torsion spring, bending spring, spring and spiral spring is proportional to the force.A spring scale is made from the property of a spring.Spring compression functionObserving various electrical switches,...
8
2018 - 11 - 01
1) make it clear whether to use raw drawn steel wire or lead hardened steel wire;2) propose the requirements of steel wire diameter, strength grade (group) and standard number (select according to table 1.1);3) if there are special requirements such as strength and diameter allowable error, etc. (standard parameters are in parts 2 and 3);4) special packaging and marking requirements (see 1.4);5) carbon steel spring suitable for long-term work under the condition of temperature 121 ℃, highest working temperature should be chosen alloy spring steel.3 special needsShaped cross section: square, re...
9
2020 - 01 - 13
A compression spring is an open-coil helical spring that offers resistance to a compressive force applied axially. They are usually coiled at a constant diameter, though they can be coiled in other needed forms such as conical, concave (barrel), convex (hourglass), or various combinations of these. Compression springs are used to resist force and/or store energy,1、CharacteristicsBy far the most widely used type of spring, compression springs are designed to oppose compression and return to its uncompressed length when the applied force is removed. 2、Service LifeIt should be...
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Selection of spring material

日期: 2018-10-16
浏览次数: 258
Daisy

The selection of spring material shall be determined according to the properties of the spring bearing load, stress state, stress size, working temperature, environmental medium, service life, requirements for conducting and magnetic conductivity, technical performance, material source and price, etc.

When determining the shape and size of the material section, the series sizes specified in the national standards and ministerial standards should be selected first, and non-standard series of materials should be avoided as far as possible.

Medium and small-sized springs, especially spiral-tension springs, should be preferentially used steel wire, cold-drawn steel wire such as strengthened steel wire, lead bath and oil hardened tempered steel wire, which has higher strength and good surface quality, higher fatigue performance than ordinary tempered tempered steel wire, simple processing, good technology and stable quality.Selection of spring material

The carbon spring steel wire and the piano steel wire produced large residual stress after cold drawing. After processing the spring, there was large residual stress, and the size changed greatly after tempering, so it was difficult to control the dimensional accuracy.Oil hardened tempered steel wire is modulated and strengthened after steel wire is drawn to the specified size. Basically, there is no residual stress. After forming spring is tempered at low temperature, the size change is very small, and the heat resistance is better than that of cold-drawn reinforced steel wire.

For large and medium sized springs, cold drawn materials or polished steel after cold drawn shall be used for those with higher load accuracy and stress.Hot rolled steel can be used for spring with low loading accuracy and stress.

The steel plate spring is usually made of 55Si2Mn, 60Si2MnA, 55SiMnVB, 55SiMnMoV, 60CrMn, 60CrMnB and other grades of flat steel.

For the material section of spiral spring, circular section should be preferred.Square and rectangular materials have strong bearing capacity, good impact resistance, and can make the spring miniature, but the sources of materials are few.And the price is higher, except special need, do not choose this kind of material as far as possible commonly.In recent years, the circular steel wire is developed to replace the trapezoidal steel wire.

Spring material working under high temperature requires good thermal stability, resistance to relaxation or creep, oxidation resistance and corrosion resistance to certain medium.

As the working temperature of the spring increases, the elastic modulus of the spring material decreases, resulting in lower stiffness and less load bearing capacity.Therefore, the spring working at high temperature must understand the change rate (value) of the elastic modulus and calculate the impact of the decline of the spring's load capacity on the performance.According to the regulations of the GB1239, ordinary helical spring working temperature above 60 ℃, a modification should be made for the shear modulus, its formula is: Gt = G in the KtG type - room temperature modulus of elasticity;Gt -- shear modulus at operating temperature t;Kt -- temperature correction coefficient is selected according to table 2 -- 98.

The spring material used at low temperature shall have good low temperature toughness.Carbon spring steel wire, piano steel wire and 1Cr18Ni9 austenitic stainless steel spring steel wire, copper alloy and nickel alloy have good low temperature toughness and strength.

At low temperature, the brittleness of the material is very sensitive to surface defects.

At low temperatures, the environmental medium is much less corrosive to the material than in a greenhouse, and cadmium plating and galvanizing can easily cause cold brittleness.

At low temperature, the elastic modulus and expansion coefficient of the material do not change much.

The spring made of spring steel, hardness (that is, strength) should be selected according to the load bearing property and stress.However, the degree of hardness is strongly related to the plane strain fracture toughness.

It can be seen from the curve relation that the value of plane strain fracture toughness (KIC) decreases significantly with the increase of hardness.That is to say, when determining the spring's hardness value, the spring's hardness value should be lower on the premise of satisfying the spring's characteristics.

When selecting spring material, pay attention to the hardenability of steel.Whether or not the cross section of the spring material is quenched and the degree of quenching is very important to the spring mass.

Electrical springs that use the spring itself as a conductor or work in conditions of varying humidity, such as water (including seawater) and water vapor, are generally made of copper and gold.

Springs operating under acid contact and other corrosive media generally use corrosion resistant materials such as stainless steel or nickel alloy.The spring used under general environmental conditions is made of ordinary spring steel, which is then coated with rust or plated (galvanized, cadmium plated and copper plated) on the surface to prevent corrosion.

In order to satisfy the requirement that the precision of the spring used in the weighing apparatus and instruments is not affected by the temperature change, the constant elastic alloy with minimum elastic modulus and expansion coefficient is generally selected.

In the requirements of light, insulation, anti - collision, corrosion and other special use of spring, can choose reinforced plastics.At present, the more suitable plastic spring is epoxy resin, phenolic resin as the matrix, glass fiber reinforced thermosetting reinforced plastic GFRP.Also may choose the vibration - proof rubber manufacture each kind of rubber spring.


Relevant recommendations
2020 . 01 . 13
Constant force spring, or “clock” spring, is a roll of prestressed strip which exerts a nearly constant restraining force to resist uncoiling. The force is constant because the change in the radius of curvature is constant.   Such applications as brush springs for motors, counterbalance springs for window sashes and carriage return springs for typewriters. Constant force motor springs are used to drive mechanisms for timers, movie cameras and cable retractors.Constant force spring also known as coil spring helix in a plane of the spring, Spring is the material wound into a plane of the spiral of a spring, the spring is fixed at one end, the other end of the material after acting torque bending torque, bending elastic deformation, so the spring in its own plane to p...
2020 . 01 . 13
A compression spring is an open-coil helical spring that offers resistance to a compressive force applied axially. They are usually coiled at a constant diameter, though they can be coiled in other needed forms such as conical, concave (barrel), convex (hourglass), or various combinations of these. Compression springs are used to resist force and/or store energy,1、CharacteristicsBy far the most widely used type of spring, compression springs are designed to oppose compression and return to its uncompressed length when the applied force is removed. 2、Service LifeIt should be noted that if critical force-versus-deflection linearity is required, only the center 60-80% of the available deflection range should be employed.Thus, reserve at least the first and last 15-20% of t...
2020 . 01 . 06
When choosing the right spring, selecting the best spring wire is a critical before manufacturing. Below are some of the most common spring wire materials and their unique characteristics .Stainless Steel SpringsStainless steel springs have low-stress relaxation and resist corrosion. They have good strength at moderate temperatures and are resistant to heat. Extension springs are most commonly made from stainless steel.Extension springs absorb energy and provide resistance to pulling. As the name suggests, an extension spring stretches as a load is applied to it. Applications for extension springs include carburetors, trampolines and farm machinery.Oil Tempered Spring WireOil tempered wire is cold drawn and heat treated before plating. Ideal as a general purpose spring wire, it is often us...
2020 . 01 . 06
springs are a mechanical part that use elasticity to work. Generally made of spring steel. It is widely used in machines and instruments to control the movement of machine parts, mitigate impact or vibration, store and store energy, measure force, etc.The spring is just an accumulator, it has the function of storing energy, but can not release the energy slowly, to achieve the release of this function should rely on the 'spring + large transmission ratio mechanism' to achieve, common in the mechanical table.The spring is widely used in the mechanical and electronic industry. The spring can produce a large elastic deformation under load and convert mechanical work or kinetic energy into deformation energy. After unloading, the spring's deformation disappears and returns to its o...
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