HOT INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 07 - 13
Although the spring industry is a small industry in the whole manufacturing industry, its role must not be underestimated. The industrial manufacturing industry and the automobile industry in the country should accelerate the development, and the spring industry, as one of the basic parts and parts, needs to have a development over the early stage to adapt to the rapid development of the country's whole industry. In addition, the expansion of the spring product variety and the improvement of the quality level are also the needs of the replacement of machinery and equipment and the imp...
2
2018 - 07 - 31
8.3.3 test machine should have the following functions: test time or preset function;Dynamic timing or counting function; test amplitude display or control function; automatic stop function.Evaluation of 8.4 spring fatigue test results8.4.1 fatigue life determination: under a given failure condition, the measured spring reachesThe maximum cycle number is the fatigue life of the spring.Verification of 8.4.2 fatigue life: if the number of cycles is tested, if the spring does not failThe validation test proved that the test was passed.8.4.3 reliability verification: according to the given reliabi...
3
2018 - 08 - 14
(4) the development of stainless steelChina is a big country in the production of stainless steel. With the production and development of stainless steel, many varieties have been developed naturally. At present, more than 50 kinds of stainless steel have been developed, which basically meet the needs of domestic production and development, and a brief description of some new varieties developed at present.1) the initial formation of austenitic stainless steel system. Low carbon austenitic stainless steel 0Cr18Ni9 and 00Cr17Ni2Mo2 have been developed to eliminate fatigue corrosion caused by ca...
4
2018 - 08 - 25
Like most other basic mechanisms, metal springs have existed for a long time in the bronze age. Even for metals, wood is used as a structural member of flexible bow and arrow and military catapult. In the Renaissance, precise clocks made precision springs the first necessity. In Fourteenth Century, we saw the precise clock of revolutionary astronomical navigation developed. The world's exploration and conquest of European colonial powers continue to provide impetus for watchmakers "science and art." The other area of the firearm promotes the development of the spring. At the dawn...
5
2018 - 09 - 10
The corrosion of spring can be divided into chemical corrosion and electrochemical corrosion according to the type of reaction.They are the result of changes in the metal atoms on the surface of the spring or the loss of electrons to an ionic state.If the metal on the surface of the spring simply reacts with the surrounding medium, and the spring causes corrosion, it is called chemical corrosion.For example, the spring is oxidized in the particularly dry atmosphere to form an oxidation film, and the spring is chemically changed with the liquid or impurity in the non-electrolyte liquid, which i...
6
2018 - 09 - 21
Compression springs are frequently seen and used in daily life. The main principle of compression springs is to provide a hand to the machine and drive it to work.The compression spring has a certain damping capacity, because the product's elastic force is not a fixed value, so every time it is used, there will be a return force, and the force is not a fixed size, which to some extent has the ability to slow down the vibration.As an example, now the car is installed above a compression spring, you will find when driving, its speed is greatly improved, and the movement process there is no s...
7
2018 - 10 - 08
The oxidation treatment of the spring (also known as bluish, blackened, cooked black, etc.) is mainly used to prevent the corrosion of the spring, and also to make the spring appearance bright.Oxidation treatment methods include: alkaline oxidation, alkali free oxidation and electrolytic oxidation.Spring oxidation treatment is often alkaline oxidation treatment, in the presence of oxidants (such as sodium nitrite) in caustic sodium solution.As the solution approaches the boiling point, the iron on the surface of the spring dissolves and forms sodium ferrite and sodium ferrite, which is then ma...
8
2018 - 10 - 18
For a long time, the shape and performance of the extension spring will change. If the extension spring is always in a certain situation, it may change its quality due to external conditions.Generally, there are the following situations:I. wear of extension spring :Wear can be divided into abrasive, fatigue and corrosion wear fracture.Ii. Brittle fractureThe majority of spring break belongs to brittle fracture.Plastic fracture is possible only when the working temperature is high.In engineering, fatigue fracture, stress corrosion fracture and hydrogen embrittlement fracture are called brittle ...
9
2018 - 11 - 01
1) make it clear whether to use raw drawn steel wire or lead hardened steel wire;2) propose the requirements of steel wire diameter, strength grade (group) and standard number (select according to table 1.1);3) if there are special requirements such as strength and diameter allowable error, etc. (standard parameters are in parts 2 and 3);4) special packaging and marking requirements (see 1.4);5) carbon steel spring suitable for long-term work under the condition of temperature 121 ℃, highest working temperature should be chosen alloy spring steel.3 special needsShaped cross section: square, re...
NEW INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 07 - 16
Torsional springs are a kind of helical springs, which mainly produce torque or rotational force. The end of the torsion spring is fixed to other components. When other components rotate around the center of the spring, the spring pullback them back to the initial position. Although this spring is called torsion spring, it is subject to bending stress rather than torsional stress. The torsion spring can store and release angular energy or fix a device in a static way by rotating the force arm around the middle axis of the spring body. Torsion springs are usually tight, but there is pitch betwe...
2
2018 - 08 - 08
Springs can also be classified by how they’re made. The first spring that comes to most people’s minds is probably a metal coil spring, also known as a helical spring. However, there are many other types. Even an elastic band can be considered a variable rate spring, since it stores mechanical energy. Coil SpringsLightweight coil springs are made by forming metal wires on an CNC coiling machine. The multi-axis CNC control allows you to create variable pitches and end conditions only limited by your imagination. Springs that come off the coiling machines do not have springy properties. They nee...
3
2018 - 08 - 21
Like most other basic mechanisms, metal springs have existed for a long time in the bronze age. Even for metals, wood is used as a structural member of flexible bow and arrow and military catapult. In the Renaissance, precise clocks made precision springs the first necessity. In Fourteenth Century, we saw the precise clock of revolutionary astronomical navigation developed. The world's exploration and conquest of European colonial powers continue to provide impetus for watchmakers "science and art." The other area of the firearm promotes the development of the spring. At the dawn...
4
2018 - 09 - 06
The technological process of helical springs refers to the process of converting spring materials into finished springs, which flow through every process in sequence. Because of the spring material, the spring type and the processing method are different, the technological procedures of the spiral spring are also different. However, their basic technological processes are coil spring heat treatment end processing surface treatment.Next, introduce several typical processes.1. manufacturing compressed spiral spring with cold drawn spring steel wireFor the lathe coil spring, after the winding spr...
5
2018 - 09 - 18
Osmosis detection will be the basic principle of the spring of dip coating (penetrant) some penetration ability of the solution, the infiltration of surface defects, and then to remove excess penetrant, appeared in the surface layer of the tu yi agent again, at this point defects remaining in the penetrant sucked out, under the purple pay-off (fluorescence) observation or direct observation, can be found that the existence of defects.Osmotic detection can be used for the detection of ferromagnetic springs as well as non-ferromagnetic materials such as copper alloy and austenitic stainless stee...
6
2018 - 09 - 28
The special-shaped spring contains spring clip, tension spring and torsion spring, and the generalized special-shaped spring also includes snake spring, corrugated spring, bar spring and other complicated springs.Special-shaped spring is the basic part with wide application range and multifarious variety in automobile, motorcycle, electric appliance and instrument products. Its quality and life directly affect the performance of main engine products.Hyundai has made it a key component.Over 90% of special-shaped springs at home and abroad are made of two kinds of materials: lead quenched carbon...
7
2018 - 10 - 15
There are three ways to use stainless steel spring to remove oil and oxide skin:1. Immerse the stainless steel spring into the plastic container with the metal cleaning agent A diluted with water (the proportion of cleaning agent A and water dilution is 1:1 or 1:2), and the time should be as follows: the spring surface should be free from oil and oxide skin to restore the metal color. The soaking time should not be too long.So stainless steel spring surface has matte effect.2. In the ultrasonic equipment, the proportion of cleaning agent and water is about 1:30. It is advisable to restore the ...
8
2018 - 10 - 25
The spring relief valve is mainly composed of spool, seat, stem, spring and adjusting screw.The relief valve mainly USES spring force to press the spool on the seat.When the boiler pressure exceeds the pressure exerted by the spring on the upper part of the spool, the spool and stem are lifted and steam is discharged.When the boiler pressure is lower than the spring pressure acting on the upper part of the spool, the spool falls on the seat and the boiler stops discharging steam.The spool is a cone with a slight protrusion around the edge of the spool.When the steam opens the valve core, the e...
9
2019 - 12 - 23
Medical springs are an important component in the manufacturing of devices and equipment used throughout the medical industry. The three main types of springs used in medical devices—compression, torsion, and extension—and each serve a valuable purpose in varying types of equipment, large and small.Springs are devices that store mechanical energy. Though they are relatively simple in design, they are ubiquitous components in all kinds of devices and machines in a wide range of products from medical devices and equipment to consumer goods and heavy industrial equipment. Nearly anythin...
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Definition and classification of spring steel

日期: 2018-10-16
浏览次数: 263
Daisy

A, definitions,

Spring steel refers to the steel specially used to make spring elastic elements due to its elasticity in the quenching and tempering states.The elasticity of steel depends on its elastic deformation capacity, that is, within the specified range, the elastic deformation capacity makes it bear a certain load, and no permanent deformation occurs after the load is removed.Spring steel shall have excellent comprehensive performance, such as mechanical properties (especially elastic limit, strength limit and yield ratio), anti-elastic and anti-elastic properties (i.e. anti-elastic and anti-loose properties), fatigue properties, quenching properties, physical and chemical properties (heat resistance, low temperature resistance, oxidation resistance, corrosion resistance, etc.).In order to meet the above performance requirements, spring steel should have excellent metallurgical quality (high purity and uniformity), good surface quality (strict control of surface defects and decarburization), and accurate external dimensions.

According to GB/T 13304 steel classification standard, spring steel belongs to mechanical structure steel according to basic performance and service characteristics.According to the quality grade, it belongs to special quality steel, that is, steel with special strict control of quality and performance in the production process.According to our custom belong to special steel.

Second, the classification of

(1) classification by chemical composition

According to GB/T 13304 standard, spring steel is divided into non-alloy spring steel (carbon spring steel) and alloy spring steel according to its chemical composition.

Carbon spring steel

Carbon content (mass fraction) of carbon spring steel is generally 0.62%~0.90%.According to its manganese content, it is divided into general manganese content (mass fraction) (0.50%~0.80%) such as 65, 70, 85 and higher manganese content (mass fraction) (0.90%~1.20%), such as 65Mn.

2. Alloy spring steel

Alloy spring steel is a kind of steel based on carbon steel, which can improve its mechanical properties, quenching and other properties by adding one or more alloy elements to meet the requirements of various springs.

The basic composition of alloy spring steels include: silicon-manganese spring steels, silicon-chromium spring steels, cr-manganese spring steels, cr-v spring steels, stelli-chrome v spring steels, etc.Based on these series, some brands have added alloy elements such as molybdenum, vanadium or boron to improve their performance in some aspects.

In addition, from other types of steel, such as quality carbon structural steel, carbon tool steel, high-speed tool steel, stainless steel, choose some brands as spring steel.

(2) classified according to the production and processing methods

1. Hot-rolled (forged) steel includes hot-rolled round steel, square steel, flat steel, steel plate, forged round steel and square steel.

2. Cold drawn (rolled) steel products include steel wire, steel strip and cold drawn steel (cold drawn round steel).

(3) classified according to the payment status of steel

1) hot rolled (forged) steel

2) hot rolled (forged) steels are made into springs, which are then quenched and tempered.

Above all should accord with the corresponding delivery state hardness regulation.Cold drawn (rolled) steel

1) steel wire

When the spring is made of the lead bath isothermally quenched cold drawn steel wire (also known as pyden process cold drawn steel wire), the steel wire can be tempered at low temperature to eliminate the stress.

After the hardened and tempered steel wire is cold-drawn to the required size, the steel wire is subjected to continuous heating, continuous oil quenching and lead tempering.When steel wire is made into a spring, low temperature tempering is required to eliminate stress.

Metal wire (i.e., steel wire not hardened and tempered)

A. Deliver in cold drawn condition

B. Delivery shall be made under annealing, normalizing or tempering conditions

The steel wire in the above two states shall be hardened and tempered after being made into spring.Definition and classification of spring steel

2) steel belt

To eliminate stress, low temperature tempering is required when the spring is made from the cold rolled spring.

After the quenching and tempering of the impeller is delivered into the spring, low temperature tempering is required to eliminate stress.

The spring shall be hardened and tempered after the annealing condition is delivered.

3) cold-drawn steel

The steels are cold-formed into springs and then hardened and tempered.

(4) other classification methods

In addition to the above, there are other classification methods, such as:

According to the requirements of delivery conditions can be divided into chemical components (mechanical properties) delivery and delivery according to hardenability

According to the working conditions of spring, it can be divided into spring steel with static load, spring steel with impact load, spring steel with high (low) temperature and corrosion resistance.


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2020 . 01 . 13
Constant force spring, or “clock” spring, is a roll of prestressed strip which exerts a nearly constant restraining force to resist uncoiling. The force is constant because the change in the radius of curvature is constant.   Such applications as brush springs for motors, counterbalance springs for window sashes and carriage return springs for typewriters. Constant force motor springs are used to drive mechanisms for timers, movie cameras and cable retractors.Constant force spring also known as coil spring helix in a plane of the spring, Spring is the material wound into a plane of the spiral of a spring, the spring is fixed at one end, the other end of the material after acting torque bending torque, bending elastic deformation, so the spring in its own plane to p...
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When choosing the right spring, selecting the best spring wire is a critical before manufacturing. Below are some of the most common spring wire materials and their unique characteristics .Stainless Steel SpringsStainless steel springs have low-stress relaxation and resist corrosion. They have good strength at moderate temperatures and are resistant to heat. Extension springs are most commonly made from stainless steel.Extension springs absorb energy and provide resistance to pulling. As the name suggests, an extension spring stretches as a load is applied to it. Applications for extension springs include carburetors, trampolines and farm machinery.Oil Tempered Spring WireOil tempered wire is cold drawn and heat treated before plating. Ideal as a general purpose spring wire, it is often us...
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