HOT INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 07 - 24
Wire forming spring is a mechanical part that uses elasticity to work. It is usually made of spring steel. It is used to control the movement of machine parts, to mitigate impact or vibration, to store energy and to measure the magnitude of force. It is widely used in machines and instruments.The spring is just an accumulator. It has the function of storing energy, but it can not release the energy slowly. To realize the function of releasing slowly, it should be realized by "Spring + large transmission ratio mechanism", which is common in the mechanical meter.Spring is a kind of ela...
2
2018 - 08 - 06
Springs are ubiquitous in all kinds of machines—from consumer products to heavy industrial equipment, take apart anything that involves a mechanism, and chances are, you’ll find a spring inside. Springs are storage devices for mechanical energy—think of them as analogous to batteries! The earliest spring-driven clocks appeared in the 1400s. Fast-forward some 600 years, you still have to charge the Apple Watch everyday, and it’s not nearly as fast as winding a clock…but I digress.My personal fascination with springs began with Slinkies and wind-up toys, and countless mechanical pencils were sac...
3
2018 - 08 - 17
Detection of the characteristics of 7.2 torsion springsWhen measuring torque, the size of the torsional spring axis must be suitable. The inner diameter of the spring should be kept to a certain gap, and the friction force and friction torque caused by the contraction of the inner diameter of the spring should be avoided, and the measurement accuracy should be affected. But the spindle can not be too small, otherwise it will cause the offset between the external torque and the measuring torque center, resulting in the error of the torque measurement. The specific testing program for torsion sp...
4
2018 - 08 - 31
1. Shape effect is mainly caused by design factors, such as small fillet R, inappropriate location of acupoints, poor cross-sectional transition. 2. Overheating (overheating) is mainly caused by improper temperature control or running temperature, excessive process setting temperature, uneven furnace temperature and other factors. Preventive measures include overhaul, calibration of temperature control system, correction of process temperature, the addition of pad iron between the workpiece and furnace floor, etc.3. Decarbonization is mainly caused by overheating (or overburning), unprote...
5
2018 - 09 - 14
Manufacturers of heat treatment furnaces are adopting new features designed to improve the overall temperature distribution of their equipment: with improved ambient flow patterns, carefully designed energy and dynamic densities have brought very useful working capabilities.Process consistency is a major issue for aerospace (typically, Nadcap and AMS2750 U.S. army standards) and automotive (TS16949 test equipment) customers, and compatibility with more acceptable standards is building confidence between heat treatment equipment manufacturers and customers.This is especially true when the heat ...
6
2018 - 09 - 26
For a long time, the shape and performance of the extension spring will change. If the extension spring is always in a certain situation, it may change its quality due to external conditions.Generally, there are the following situations:I. wear of extension spring :Wear can be divided into abrasive, fatigue and corrosion wear fracture.Ii. Brittle fractureThe majority of spring break belongs to brittle fracture.Plastic fracture is possible only when the working temperature is high.In engineering, fatigue fracture, stress corrosion fracture and hydrogen embrittlement fracture are called brittle ...
7
2018 - 10 - 11
Manufacturers of heat treatment furnaces are adopting new features designed to improve the overall temperature distribution of their equipment: with improved ambient flow patterns, carefully designed energy and dynamic densities have brought very useful working capabilities.Process consistency is a major issue for aerospace (typically, Nadcap and AMS2750 U.S. army standards) and automotive (TS16949 test equipment) customers, and compatibility with more acceptable standards is building confidence between heat treatment equipment manufacturers and customers.This is especially true when the heat ...
8
2018 - 10 - 22
Osmosis detection will be the basic principle of the spring of dip coating (penetrant) some penetration ability of the solution, the infiltration of surface defects, and then to remove excess penetrant, appeared in the surface layer of the tu yi agent again, at this point defects remaining in the penetrant sucked out, under the purple pay-off (fluorescence) observation or direct observation, can be found that the existence of defects.Osmotic detection can be used for the detection of ferromagnetic springs as well as non-ferromagnetic materials such as copper alloy and austenitic stainless stee...
9
2018 - 12 - 03
Today, the development of science and technology, spring has been a very important hardware accessories in our life, different products use the spring is not the same, the longest used spring can be roughly divided into: tension spring, torsion spring, compression spring, spiral spring, flat spring.The following is a very practical tension spring characteristics of the application:Many different products or hooks are used to ensure that the tension spring tension source, tension spring and compression spring work in the opposite way, tension spring is in the extension or pull out of the revers...
NEW INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 07 - 31
8.3.3 test machine should have the following functions: test time or preset function;Dynamic timing or counting function; test amplitude display or control function; automatic stop function.Evaluation of 8.4 spring fatigue test results8.4.1 fatigue life determination: under a given failure condition, the measured spring reachesThe maximum cycle number is the fatigue life of the spring.Verification of 8.4.2 fatigue life: if the number of cycles is tested, if the spring does not failThe validation test proved that the test was passed.8.4.3 reliability verification: according to the given reliabi...
2
2018 - 08 - 14
(4) the development of stainless steelChina is a big country in the production of stainless steel. With the production and development of stainless steel, many varieties have been developed naturally. At present, more than 50 kinds of stainless steel have been developed, which basically meet the needs of domestic production and development, and a brief description of some new varieties developed at present.1) the initial formation of austenitic stainless steel system. Low carbon austenitic stainless steel 0Cr18Ni9 and 00Cr17Ni2Mo2 have been developed to eliminate fatigue corrosion caused by ca...
3
2018 - 08 - 27
Core tip: the surface of spring can be generally treated, such as blackening (blue), phosphating, electroplating, spray molding, etc. In recent years, the zinc chromium film dacroa DACROMET dacroa protective layer has excellent corrosion resistance, which is 710 times the corrosion resistance of the traditional electroplating layer, and there is no hydrogen embrittlement in the electroplating process. Generally, the surface of springs can be treated, such as blackening (blue), phosphating, electroplating, spray molding, etc. In recent years, the zinc chromium film "dacrom DACROMET da...
4
2018 - 09 - 11
Like most other basic mechanisms, metal springs have existed for a long time in the bronze age. Even for metals, wood is used as a structural member of flexible bow and arrow and military catapult. In the Renaissance, precise clocks made precision springs the first necessity. In Fourteenth Century, we saw the precise clock of revolutionary astronomical navigation developed. The world's exploration and conquest of European colonial powers continue to provide impetus for watchmakers "science and art." The other area of the firearm promotes the development of the spring. At the dawn...
5
2018 - 09 - 21
compression spring is under axial pressure of the spiral spring, it is used in the data section for more rounded, useful also rectangle and multi-strand steel rolled a travelling, spring is usually pitch, such as the shape of the compression spring are: cylindrical, conical, convex and concave and a small amount of noncircular, compression spring there is a certain gap between circle and circle, when under external load spring contraction deformation, deformation energy storage.The tension spring is a spiral spring that bears the axial tension.When there is no load, the stretch spring is usual...
6
2018 - 10 - 08
The spring should ideally conform to hooke's law, that is, the relationship between stress and strain in the elastic range is linear.However, since the actual spring steel is a polyphase and polycrystalline material, there must be inconsistencies in composition, structure, elasticity, etc., and the stress and strain deviated from the linear relationship within the elastic range, which is called elastic incompleteness or anelastic.The phenomena such as elastic after effect, elastic lag, stress relaxation and elastic modulus decrease are produced.After tempering, the stabilization process ca...
7
2018 - 10 - 18
With the rapid development of technology, spring's figure is everywhere, playing an irreplaceable role in all walks of life.How to use the properties of the spring itself according to local conditions will be today's small talk about the content.Spring measuring functionWe know that, within the elastic limit, the extension (or contraction) of the stretching spring, compression spring, torsion spring, bending spring, spring and spiral spring is proportional to the force.A spring scale is made from the property of a spring.Spring compression functionObserving various electrical switches,...
8
2018 - 11 - 01
1) make it clear whether to use raw drawn steel wire or lead hardened steel wire;2) propose the requirements of steel wire diameter, strength grade (group) and standard number (select according to table 1.1);3) if there are special requirements such as strength and diameter allowable error, etc. (standard parameters are in parts 2 and 3);4) special packaging and marking requirements (see 1.4);5) carbon steel spring suitable for long-term work under the condition of temperature 121 ℃, highest working temperature should be chosen alloy spring steel.3 special needsShaped cross section: square, re...
9
2020 - 01 - 13
A compression spring is an open-coil helical spring that offers resistance to a compressive force applied axially. They are usually coiled at a constant diameter, though they can be coiled in other needed forms such as conical, concave (barrel), convex (hourglass), or various combinations of these. Compression springs are used to resist force and/or store energy,1、CharacteristicsBy far the most widely used type of spring, compression springs are designed to oppose compression and return to its uncompressed length when the applied force is removed. 2、Service LifeIt should be...
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Properties of spring material

日期: 2018-09-22
浏览次数: 66
Daisy

1) high strength: in order to improve the spring's ability to resist fatigue failure and relaxation, the spring material should have a high yield strength and elastic limit, and in particular, a high ratio of strength to strength.In general, the elastic limit of the material is directly proportional to the yield strength, so the spring design and the manufacturer always want the material to have a high yield strength.The tensile strength and yield strength of the spring material are close, for example, about 90% of the carbon steel wire of cold drawn is about: since the tensile strength is easier to be measured than the yield strength, the tensile strength is provided in the delivery of the material, so the tensile strength is generally used as the basis in design and manufacture.However, the material's tensile strength is not the higher the better, the higher the strength will reduce the material's plasticity and toughness, and increase brittle tendency.The tensile strength of the material is related to its chemical composition, metallographic structure, heat treatment, degree of cold processing (drawing or rolling) and other factors such as strengthening process.There is also a certain relationship between tensile strength and fatigue strength. When the material is below 1600MPa, its fatigue strength increases with the increase of tensile strength.

2) good plasticity and toughness: during the spring manufacturing process, the material has to undergo processing deformation of different degrees, so a certain plasticity is required.For example, the hook ring and torsion arm of the spring with complex shape, when the radius of curvature is very small, the spring material shall not have defects such as cracks and broken in the process of winding or stamping forming.At the same time, when the spring bears the impact load or variable load, the material should have good toughness, which will be of great benefit to the life of the spring.

Properties of spring material

3) excellent surface state and the fatigue performance: the biggest spring under the surface of the work stress, and fatigue failure often starts from the surface of steel wire, for use in the important occasion of the spring, such as valve spring, valve spring and the suspension spring are required to have millions of times, even tens of millions of times more long cycle life, it's on the material fatigue performance of the high demands are put forward.There are many factors that affect the fatigue properties of materials, such as the chemical composition of materials, hardness, purity of steel, surface quality and metallographic structure, especially the surface quality of materials.The surface defects of materials, such as cracks, folds, scales, rust, pits, scratches and indentations, can easily cause stress concentration in the working process of the spring.The stress concentration is often the source of fatigue failure.The fatigue source is also easy to occur at the site of surface decarburization, so strict control of decarburization depth is also a very important quality indicator.In order to improve the surface quality of the spring material, the material surface can be polished or polished. Before steel wire drawing, a layer of material epidermis can be removed by peeling technology. In this way, most surface defects can be removed.Spring heat treatment can be used to control the atmosphere or vacuum heat treatment to prevent surface decarburization and oxidation.

4) strict dimensional accuracy: many springs have higher requirements on load accuracy. For example, the load deviation of valve springs should not be greater than 5%-6% of the specified load. Take pull and pressure springs with round steel wire as an example.It can be seen that strict dimensional accuracy is also very important to ensure the quality of the spring.

5) good uniformity: the uniformity requirements for materials refer to the uniformity and stability requirements for the chemical composition, mechanical properties, dimensional deviation and other indicators of materials.If all aspects of the material performance is inconsistent, it will bring great difficulties to the spring production, resulting in the product geometric size, hardness, load and other parameters of dispersion, serious non-uniformity and even waste.

In order to meet the above performance requirements, spring steel must have excellent metallurgical quality, including strictly controlled chemical composition, high purity, low impurity content, low non-metallic inclusion content, and control its shape, particle size and distribution.In addition, homogeneity and stability of steel are required.Spring steel shall also have good surface quality (including surface decarburization) and high precision shape and size.

At present, spring steel is mainly produced by electric furnace or converter, which is characterized by high power and capacity, and is used as spring material for general machinery.For materials with high performance springs, ladle refining, vacuum degassing and other outside refining technologies are widely used, such as ladle blowing argon, ladle refining furnace (LF), vacuum treatment (RH), etc., to strictly control chemical composition and reduce the content of gas and various non-metallic inclusions.In addition, non-metallic inclusion control technology is adopted to control the shape, particle size and distribution of non-metallic inclusions, such as feeding human calcium wire and spraying calcium powder to make non-metallic inclusions contain CaO and control their particle size.In the process of steelmaking, the composition of non-metallic inclusions is changed by adjusting the deoxidizer and furnace slag to make it easy to plastic deformation during hot rolling.By using RH degassing technology, the oxygen content can be greatly reduced and the fatigue life can be significantly improved.

Continuous casting has been widely used in spring steel production.Compared with mold casting, continuous casting can reduce the segregation of steel and improve the uniformity of steel by electromagnetic stirring and low temperature casting.Reduce secondary oxidation and improve surface decarburization of steel;Make the structure and properties of steel stable and uniform;Increase yield and productivity;In combination with outside refining technology to reduce oxygen content and effectively control the chemical composition of steel.

The longitudinal continuous rolling mill is widely used in foreign countries for high speed, no twist, no tension rolling under the condition of increasing the dimensional deviation of spring steel, section shape, surface quality (including the depth of decarburization) and the microstructure uniformity along the length of steel.Short stress line or prestress mill is used to ensure steel size accuracy.


Relevant recommendations
2020 . 01 . 13
Constant force spring, or “clock” spring, is a roll of prestressed strip which exerts a nearly constant restraining force to resist uncoiling. The force is constant because the change in the radius of curvature is constant.   Such applications as brush springs for motors, counterbalance springs for window sashes and carriage return springs for typewriters. Constant force motor springs are used to drive mechanisms for timers, movie cameras and cable retractors.Constant force spring also known as coil spring helix in a plane of the spring, Spring is the material wound into a plane of the spiral of a spring, the spring is fixed at one end, the other end of the material after acting torque bending torque, bending elastic deformation, so the spring in its own plane to p...
2020 . 01 . 13
A compression spring is an open-coil helical spring that offers resistance to a compressive force applied axially. They are usually coiled at a constant diameter, though they can be coiled in other needed forms such as conical, concave (barrel), convex (hourglass), or various combinations of these. Compression springs are used to resist force and/or store energy,1、CharacteristicsBy far the most widely used type of spring, compression springs are designed to oppose compression and return to its uncompressed length when the applied force is removed. 2、Service LifeIt should be noted that if critical force-versus-deflection linearity is required, only the center 60-80% of the available deflection range should be employed.Thus, reserve at least the first and last 15-20% of t...
2020 . 01 . 06
When choosing the right spring, selecting the best spring wire is a critical before manufacturing. Below are some of the most common spring wire materials and their unique characteristics .Stainless Steel SpringsStainless steel springs have low-stress relaxation and resist corrosion. They have good strength at moderate temperatures and are resistant to heat. Extension springs are most commonly made from stainless steel.Extension springs absorb energy and provide resistance to pulling. As the name suggests, an extension spring stretches as a load is applied to it. Applications for extension springs include carburetors, trampolines and farm machinery.Oil Tempered Spring WireOil tempered wire is cold drawn and heat treated before plating. Ideal as a general purpose spring wire, it is often us...
2020 . 01 . 06
springs are a mechanical part that use elasticity to work. Generally made of spring steel. It is widely used in machines and instruments to control the movement of machine parts, mitigate impact or vibration, store and store energy, measure force, etc.The spring is just an accumulator, it has the function of storing energy, but can not release the energy slowly, to achieve the release of this function should rely on the 'spring + large transmission ratio mechanism' to achieve, common in the mechanical table.The spring is widely used in the mechanical and electronic industry. The spring can produce a large elastic deformation under load and convert mechanical work or kinetic energy into deformation energy. After unloading, the spring's deformation disappears and returns to its o...
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