HOT INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 04 - 18
We can look at the relationship between the force applied to a spring and its resulting displacement. Again, there are three classes of springs: linear (or constant rate) springs, variable rate springs, and constant force springs.Linear springsLinear springs obey Hooke’s Law (F=k*x), which means that the force needed to extend or compress such a spring by distance x is proportional to the distance, as long as the force doesn’t exceed the elastic limit of the spring. Torsion springs obey an analogous version of Hooke’s Law (F=k*θ, where θ is an angle). In both cases, k is the spring rate, and i...
2
2018 - 07 - 30
Detection of the characteristics of 7.2 torsion springsWhen measuring torque, the size of the torsional spring axis must be suitable. The inner diameter of the spring should be kept to a certain gap, and the friction force and friction torque caused by the contraction of the inner diameter of the spring should be avoided, and the measurement accuracy should be affected. But the spindle can not be too small, otherwise it will cause the offset between the external torque and the measuring torque center, resulting in the error of the torque measurement. The specific testing program for torsion sp...
3
2018 - 08 - 13
Like most other basic mechanisms, metal springs have existed for a long time in the bronze age. Even for metals, wood is used as a structural member of flexible bow and arrow and military catapult. In the Renaissance, precise clocks made precision springs the first necessity. In Fourteenth Century, we saw the precise clock of revolutionary astronomical navigation developed. The world's exploration and conquest of European colonial powers continue to provide impetus for watchmakers "science and art." The other area of the firearm promotes the development of the spring. At the dawn...
4
2018 - 08 - 24
We can look at the relationship between the force applied to a spring and its resulting displacement. Again, there are three classes of springs: linear (or constant rate) springs, variable rate springs, and constant force springs.Linear springsLinear springs obey Hooke’s Law (F=k*x), which means that the force needed to extend or compress such a spring by distance x is proportional to the distance, as long as the force doesn’t exceed the elastic limit of the spring. Torsion springs obey an analogous version of Hooke’s Law (F=k*θ, where θ is an angle). In both cases, k is the spring rate, and i...
5
2018 - 09 - 08
(1) heat treatment technology for strengthening springs.1) protective atmosphere heat treatment. In our country, protective atmosphere heat treatment is adopted in spring, oil quenched and tempered steel wire and toughened steel whose wire rod is less than 15mm. Heat treatment in protective atmosphere can remove surface decarbonization and oxidation and improve the surface quality of materials.2) induction heating or protective atmosphere induction heating heat treatment. This process is usually carried out on the wire before forming the coil spring. Some spring factories combine heat treatmen...
6
2018 - 09 - 20
The purpose of mold spring is to take off material, press material, the strength of the spring, which is related to whether the mold production is smooth, whether the product is qualified.Spring force is small, may cause the product to be out of shape, the mold does not take off the material, the product is bad to take out from the mold inside, the belt material, the knife edge, punch easy to wear and so on each kind of question.Mold spring according to different production times, compression amount selected, the larger the spring life, the shorter die life, of course, the broken spring can be...
7
2018 - 09 - 30
Please avoid the improper way of using (1) more than the use of the maximum compression (300000 back to the conditions, after a close with the use of a long) stress causing the wreck, close to close with the use of a long, can make the spring line department gradually close to that, because of the high spring constant change caused by load curve with high, nearly and produce high stress to make spring break, please do not use more than 300000 times.The use of the spring without prepressure due to the gap caused the spring up and down vibration caused the spring distortion, if there is prepress...
8
2018 - 10 - 17
Washing method according to the surface state:General considerationsWhen washing, please pay attention not to scratch the surface to avoid using the bleaching ingredients and the cleaning solution containing abrasive agent, steel ball (brush roller ball), grinding tools, etc. In order to remove the cleaning solution, wash the surface with clean water at the end of washing.Surface condition and washing methodDust and dirt are washed with soap, a mild detergent, or warm waterLabel and film with warm water, weak detergent to scrubThe binder ingredient is alcohol or organic solutionUse a mild clot...
9
2018 - 10 - 29
Each circle is formed into a tightly closed spiral ring or a pitch ring, which extends outwards when subjected to external forces and maintains a force of contraction towards the middle.There are many kinds of spring hooks: English hook, German hook, earring hook, fishtail hook, etc.(1) free length: (a) total length, (b) total length of the ring, and (c) length inside the hook ring.(2) control diameter :(a) outside diameter, (b) inside diameter, (c) inside diameter of casing.(3) steel wire size "wire diameter".(4) materials (type, grade).(5) winding number :(a) total winding number a...
NEW INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 04 - 18
We can look at the relationship between the force applied to a spring and its resulting displacement. Again, there are three classes of springs: linear (or constant rate) springs, variable rate springs, and constant force springs.Linear springsLinear springs obey Hooke’s Law (F=k*x), which means that the force needed to extend or compress such a spring by distance x is proportional to the distance, as long as the force doesn’t exceed the elastic limit of the spring. Torsion springs obey an analogous version of Hooke’s Law (F=k*θ, where θ is an angle). In both cases, k is the spring rate, and i...
2
2018 - 08 - 07
What is the fall of autumn?The fall of autumn, the thirteenth throttle of the twenty-four solar calendar in the lunar calendar, is the first throttle of autumn, marking the official start of the season of Meng Qiu: "autumn" means the summer to cool. By the beginning of autumn, the Chinese parasol trees began to shed their leaves. From the point of view of writing, the word "Qiu" is composed of grass and fire characters. Autumn is a transitional season from hot to cool and then from cold to cold.The fall of autumn, July. A word can be found in spring. Autumn is the same.At t...
3
2018 - 08 - 17
8, detection of fatigue property and relaxation rate of spring8.1 spring fatigue performance testing requirements: the spring that bears the variable load is in the internal quality of the enterprise.Quantity control, user inspection, new product certification, certification, industry sampling and process adjustment.In the ring section, the fatigue performance must be tested. The testing method can be tested by fatigue life testThere are two kinds of certificate test or reliability evaluation test, but they are classified and certified for products.Reliability evaluation test must be adopted t...
4
2018 - 09 - 04
There are two types of heat treatment deformation: one is the size change, the other two is the change of part geometry. Different methods of heat treatment, deformation and deformation prevention of parts size and geometry are also different.The longer the holding time and the higher the temperature are, the more carbon is dissolved into austenite and the larger the expansion of martensite is. The expansion of martensite is the largest, followed by upper bainite, and the volume change of lower bainite and troostite is very small. At low temperature tempering, martensite shrinks and the amount...
5
2018 - 09 - 17
Hard inspection method for chemical heat treatment and surface quenching and temperingSurface heat treatment is divided into two categories, one is chemical heat treatment and the other is surface quenching and tempering heat treatment. The hardness test method is as follows:1. Chemical heat treatmentChemical heat treatment is to make the workpiece surface infiltrate one or several chemical elements of the atom, thereby changing the workpiece surface chemical composition, organization and performance.After quenching and tempering, the surface of the workpiece has high hardness, wear resistance...
6
2018 - 09 - 27
In order to make it convenient for customers to buy and custom spring, some brief introduction about spring and specification parameters are summarized as follows:The common spring can be classified as: stretching spiral spring, compression spiral spring and torsion spiral spring.Among them, stretch and compression springs are mostly produced in quantity, with complicated specifications but suitable for slight modifications. If a small amount of springs is needed and the characteristics of springs are not critical, they can be purchased easily in the market with a higher unit price.The users o...
7
2018 - 10 - 12
There are many ways of making spring, but the main forming part is cold forming and hot forming.In spring in the cold forming process, the spring mainly made by oil material toughening, lead bath quenching tempering spring wire, cold drawn wire, etc., using this kind of material in the manufacturing process of spring generally do not need special heat treatment and only requires the stress relieving, adopted by the spring design work stress and material performance.Spring cold forming process is generally suitable for special-shaped spring with small line diameter or more complicated shape, su...
8
2018 - 10 - 23
Wire forming spring is a mechanical part that uses elasticity to work. It is usually made of spring steel. It is used to control the movement of machine parts, to mitigate impact or vibration, to store energy and to measure the magnitude of force. It is widely used in machines and instruments.The spring is just an accumulator. It has the function of storing energy, but it can not release the energy slowly. To realize the function of releasing slowly, it should be realized by "Spring + large transmission ratio mechanism", which is common in the mechanical meter.Spring is a kind of ela...
9
2019 - 12 - 16
Put simply, the most important factors of torsion spring performance are spring rate deflection, load capacity, and wind. In a torsion spring, spring rate accounts for the return of angular torque per unit of angular displacement. Deflection is the amount that the spring resists pressure before overstressing itself and becoming damaged (bent), and the wind is simply how the spring is wound, be it right (clockwise), left (counterclockwise), or with double torsion.torsion springThe following is the necessary information of a torsion spring:(1) control diameter: (a) outer diameter, (b) ...
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Properties of spring material

日期: 2018-09-22
浏览次数: 108
Daisy

1) high strength: in order to improve the spring's ability to resist fatigue failure and relaxation, the spring material should have a high yield strength and elastic limit, and in particular, a high ratio of strength to strength.In general, the elastic limit of the material is directly proportional to the yield strength, so the spring design and the manufacturer always want the material to have a high yield strength.The tensile strength and yield strength of the spring material are close, for example, about 90% of the carbon steel wire of cold drawn is about: since the tensile strength is easier to be measured than the yield strength, the tensile strength is provided in the delivery of the material, so the tensile strength is generally used as the basis in design and manufacture.However, the material's tensile strength is not the higher the better, the higher the strength will reduce the material's plasticity and toughness, and increase brittle tendency.The tensile strength of the material is related to its chemical composition, metallographic structure, heat treatment, degree of cold processing (drawing or rolling) and other factors such as strengthening process.There is also a certain relationship between tensile strength and fatigue strength. When the material is below 1600MPa, its fatigue strength increases with the increase of tensile strength.

2) good plasticity and toughness: during the spring manufacturing process, the material has to undergo processing deformation of different degrees, so a certain plasticity is required.For example, the hook ring and torsion arm of the spring with complex shape, when the radius of curvature is very small, the spring material shall not have defects such as cracks and broken in the process of winding or stamping forming.At the same time, when the spring bears the impact load or variable load, the material should have good toughness, which will be of great benefit to the life of the spring.

Properties of spring material

3) excellent surface state and the fatigue performance: the biggest spring under the surface of the work stress, and fatigue failure often starts from the surface of steel wire, for use in the important occasion of the spring, such as valve spring, valve spring and the suspension spring are required to have millions of times, even tens of millions of times more long cycle life, it's on the material fatigue performance of the high demands are put forward.There are many factors that affect the fatigue properties of materials, such as the chemical composition of materials, hardness, purity of steel, surface quality and metallographic structure, especially the surface quality of materials.The surface defects of materials, such as cracks, folds, scales, rust, pits, scratches and indentations, can easily cause stress concentration in the working process of the spring.The stress concentration is often the source of fatigue failure.The fatigue source is also easy to occur at the site of surface decarburization, so strict control of decarburization depth is also a very important quality indicator.In order to improve the surface quality of the spring material, the material surface can be polished or polished. Before steel wire drawing, a layer of material epidermis can be removed by peeling technology. In this way, most surface defects can be removed.Spring heat treatment can be used to control the atmosphere or vacuum heat treatment to prevent surface decarburization and oxidation.

4) strict dimensional accuracy: many springs have higher requirements on load accuracy. For example, the load deviation of valve springs should not be greater than 5%-6% of the specified load. Take pull and pressure springs with round steel wire as an example.It can be seen that strict dimensional accuracy is also very important to ensure the quality of the spring.

5) good uniformity: the uniformity requirements for materials refer to the uniformity and stability requirements for the chemical composition, mechanical properties, dimensional deviation and other indicators of materials.If all aspects of the material performance is inconsistent, it will bring great difficulties to the spring production, resulting in the product geometric size, hardness, load and other parameters of dispersion, serious non-uniformity and even waste.

In order to meet the above performance requirements, spring steel must have excellent metallurgical quality, including strictly controlled chemical composition, high purity, low impurity content, low non-metallic inclusion content, and control its shape, particle size and distribution.In addition, homogeneity and stability of steel are required.Spring steel shall also have good surface quality (including surface decarburization) and high precision shape and size.

At present, spring steel is mainly produced by electric furnace or converter, which is characterized by high power and capacity, and is used as spring material for general machinery.For materials with high performance springs, ladle refining, vacuum degassing and other outside refining technologies are widely used, such as ladle blowing argon, ladle refining furnace (LF), vacuum treatment (RH), etc., to strictly control chemical composition and reduce the content of gas and various non-metallic inclusions.In addition, non-metallic inclusion control technology is adopted to control the shape, particle size and distribution of non-metallic inclusions, such as feeding human calcium wire and spraying calcium powder to make non-metallic inclusions contain CaO and control their particle size.In the process of steelmaking, the composition of non-metallic inclusions is changed by adjusting the deoxidizer and furnace slag to make it easy to plastic deformation during hot rolling.By using RH degassing technology, the oxygen content can be greatly reduced and the fatigue life can be significantly improved.

Continuous casting has been widely used in spring steel production.Compared with mold casting, continuous casting can reduce the segregation of steel and improve the uniformity of steel by electromagnetic stirring and low temperature casting.Reduce secondary oxidation and improve surface decarburization of steel;Make the structure and properties of steel stable and uniform;Increase yield and productivity;In combination with outside refining technology to reduce oxygen content and effectively control the chemical composition of steel.

The longitudinal continuous rolling mill is widely used in foreign countries for high speed, no twist, no tension rolling under the condition of increasing the dimensional deviation of spring steel, section shape, surface quality (including the depth of decarburization) and the microstructure uniformity along the length of steel.Short stress line or prestress mill is used to ensure steel size accuracy.


Relevant recommendations
2020 . 01 . 13
Constant force spring, or “clock” spring, is a roll of prestressed strip which exerts a nearly constant restraining force to resist uncoiling. The force is constant because the change in the radius of curvature is constant.   Such applications as brush springs for motors, counterbalance springs for window sashes and carriage return springs for typewriters. Constant force motor springs are used to drive mechanisms for timers, movie cameras and cable retractors.Constant force spring also known as coil spring helix in a plane of the spring, Spring is the material wound into a plane of the spiral of a spring, the spring is fixed at one end, the other end of the material after acting torque bending torque, bending elastic deformation, so the spring in its own plane to p...
2020 . 01 . 13
A compression spring is an open-coil helical spring that offers resistance to a compressive force applied axially. They are usually coiled at a constant diameter, though they can be coiled in other needed forms such as conical, concave (barrel), convex (hourglass), or various combinations of these. Compression springs are used to resist force and/or store energy,1、CharacteristicsBy far the most widely used type of spring, compression springs are designed to oppose compression and return to its uncompressed length when the applied force is removed. 2、Service LifeIt should be noted that if critical force-versus-deflection linearity is required, only the center 60-80% of the available deflection range should be employed.Thus, reserve at least the first and last 15-20% of t...
2020 . 01 . 06
When choosing the right spring, selecting the best spring wire is a critical before manufacturing. Below are some of the most common spring wire materials and their unique characteristics .Stainless Steel SpringsStainless steel springs have low-stress relaxation and resist corrosion. They have good strength at moderate temperatures and are resistant to heat. Extension springs are most commonly made from stainless steel.Extension springs absorb energy and provide resistance to pulling. As the name suggests, an extension spring stretches as a load is applied to it. Applications for extension springs include carburetors, trampolines and farm machinery.Oil Tempered Spring WireOil tempered wire is cold drawn and heat treated before plating. Ideal as a general purpose spring wire, it is often us...
2020 . 01 . 06
springs are a mechanical part that use elasticity to work. Generally made of spring steel. It is widely used in machines and instruments to control the movement of machine parts, mitigate impact or vibration, store and store energy, measure force, etc.The spring is just an accumulator, it has the function of storing energy, but can not release the energy slowly, to achieve the release of this function should rely on the 'spring + large transmission ratio mechanism' to achieve, common in the mechanical table.The spring is widely used in the mechanical and electronic industry. The spring can produce a large elastic deformation under load and convert mechanical work or kinetic energy into deformation energy. After unloading, the spring's deformation disappears and returns to its o...
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