HOT INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 09 - 22
1) high strength: in order to improve the spring's ability to resist fatigue failure and relaxation, the spring material should have a high yield strength and elastic limit, and in particular, a high ratio of strength to strength.In general, the elastic limit of the material is directly proportional to the yield strength, so the spring design and the manufacturer always want the material to have a high yield strength.The tensile strength and yield strength of the spring material are close, for example, about 90% of the carbon steel wire of cold drawn is about: since the tensile strength is eas...
2
2018 - 09 - 22
Spring is a kind of elastic element widely used in the mechanical and electronic industries. Spring can produce greater elastic deformation when loaded, and convert mechanical work or kinetic energy into deformation energy. After unloading, the deformation of spring disappears and returns to its original state, and the deformation energy is transformed into mechanical work or kinetic energy.The ratio of load and deformation of the spring is called spring stiffness.  There are many kinds of springs. They are used in various fields. According to the deformation condition, they can be divide...
3
2018 - 09 - 21
compression spring is under axial pressure of the spiral spring, it is used in the data section for more rounded, useful also rectangle and multi-strand steel rolled a travelling, spring is usually pitch, such as the shape of the compression spring are: cylindrical, conical, convex and concave and a small amount of noncircular, compression spring there is a certain gap between circle and circle, when under external load spring contraction deformation, deformation energy storage.The tension spring is a spiral spring that bears the axial tension.When there is no load, the stretch spring is usual...
4
2018 - 09 - 21
Compression springs are frequently seen and used in daily life. The main principle of compression springs is to provide a hand to the machine and drive it to work.The compression spring has a certain damping capacity, because the product's elastic force is not a fixed value, so every time it is used, there will be a return force, and the force is not a fixed size, which to some extent has the ability to slow down the vibration.As an example, now the car is installed above a compression spring, you will find when driving, its speed is greatly improved, and the movement process there is no sound...
5
2018 - 09 - 20
The corrosion of spring can be divided into chemical corrosion and electrochemical corrosion according to the type of reaction.They are the result of changes in the metal atoms on the surface of the spring or the loss of electrons to an ionic state.If the metal on the surface of the spring simply reacts with the surrounding medium, and the spring causes corrosion, it is called chemical corrosion.For example, the spring is oxidized in the particularly dry atmosphere to form an oxidation film, and the spring is chemically changed with the liquid or impurity in the non-electrolyte liquid, which i...
6
2018 - 09 - 20
The purpose of mold spring is to take off material, press material, the strength of the spring, which is related to whether the mold production is smooth, whether the product is qualified.Spring force is small, may cause the product to be out of shape, the mold does not take off the material, the product is bad to take out from the mold inside, the belt material, the knife edge, punch easy to wear and so on each kind of question.Mold spring according to different production times, compression amount selected, the larger the spring life, the shorter die life, of course, the broken spring can be...
7
2018 - 09 - 19
Spring steel wire will generate residual stress during the process of cold drawing and oil quenching and heat treatment. Moreover, spring wire is formed during the process of manufacturing and shot peening is conducted.High frequency quenching, carburizing, nitrification, etc. are used as surface hardening treatment. As a result of these treatments, residual stress will be generated in the material.The qualitative and quantitative analysis of the residual stress of the material will be an important factor to improve the fatigue properties of the spring.Residual stress of the spring is usually ...
8
2018 - 09 - 19
Spring machine is now in the production of spring necessary equipment, due to the abundant of spring and the increase of precision is also more and more high to the requirement of spring machine, the spring machine maintenance is particularly important at ordinary times, and the main factors affecting the service life of spring machine has two, one is the operator of whether scientific and standardized operation, another is reasonable in daily maintenance.After using the spring machine for a period of time, the efficiency of the machine will be significantly reduced, affecting the efficiency o...
9
2018 - 09 - 25
Nowadays, with the development of science and technology, spring has become a very important hardware accessory in our life. Different products use different springs, and the longest used springs can be roughly divided into: pull spring, twist spring, press spring, disc spring and plate spring.The following features of a very practical tension spring:Many different products or hooks are used to guarantee the source of the tension of the tension spring. The tension spring works in the opposite way to the compression spring. The tension spring works in the opposite way when stretching or pulling...
NEW INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 09 - 27
In the actual work, we often encounter that the spring cannot push the moving object to the set position, that is to say, the length of the spring's computational freedom becomes shorter.The main reason is that there is no initial compression, that is, a spring is made into a spring, which is compressed to its compression height or to its compression height (if necessary) with a greater force, and cannot be restored to its original free length upon release.Its shortened quantity is called "initial compression quantity".After repeating 3-6 times of compression, the length is no longer...
2
2018 - 09 - 26
The selection of spring material shall be determined according to the properties of the spring bearing load, stress state, stress size, working temperature, environmental medium, service life, requirements for conducting and magnetic conductivity, technical performance, material source and price, etc.When determining the shape and size of the material section, the series sizes specified in the national standards and ministerial standards should be selected first, and non-standard series of materials should be avoided as far as possible.Medium and small-sized springs, especially spiral-tension ...
3
2018 - 09 - 26
For a long time, the shape and performance of the extension spring will change. If the extension spring is always in a certain situation, it may change its quality due to external conditions.Generally, there are the following situations:I. wear of extension spring :Wear can be divided into abrasive, fatigue and corrosion wear fracture.Ii. Brittle fractureThe majority of spring break belongs to brittle fracture.Plastic fracture is possible only when the working temperature is high.In engineering, fatigue fracture, stress corrosion fracture and hydrogen embrittlement fracture are called brittle ...
4
2018 - 09 - 25
Torsion spring is a mechanical force storage structure, mainly used in ancient crossbow guns and other crossbow.The torsion spring accumulates the force through the twist or rotation of the elastic material with a relatively soft and pliable material, and makes use of it so that the projectile has certain mechanical energy.The modern torsion spring torsion bar is made of excellent elastic steel, and the form is also changed a lot, including the wire on the inner surface of the mechanical watch, the power spring in the toy gyroscope gun, as well as the torsion bar in the tank and car.Small...
5
2018 - 09 - 25
Nowadays, with the development of science and technology, spring has become a very important hardware accessory in our life. Different products use different springs, and the longest used springs can be roughly divided into: pull spring, twist spring, press spring, disc spring and plate spring.The following features of a very practical tension spring:Many different products or hooks are used to guarantee the source of the tension of the tension spring. The tension spring works in the opposite way to the compression spring. The tension spring works in the opposite way when stretching or pulling...
6
2018 - 09 - 22
1) high strength: in order to improve the spring's ability to resist fatigue failure and relaxation, the spring material should have a high yield strength and elastic limit, and in particular, a high ratio of strength to strength.In general, the elastic limit of the material is directly proportional to the yield strength, so the spring design and the manufacturer always want the material to have a high yield strength.The tensile strength and yield strength of the spring material are close, for example, about 90% of the carbon steel wire of cold drawn is about: since the tensile strength is eas...
7
2018 - 09 - 22
Spring is a kind of elastic element widely used in the mechanical and electronic industries. Spring can produce greater elastic deformation when loaded, and convert mechanical work or kinetic energy into deformation energy. After unloading, the deformation of spring disappears and returns to its original state, and the deformation energy is transformed into mechanical work or kinetic energy.The ratio of load and deformation of the spring is called spring stiffness.  There are many kinds of springs. They are used in various fields. According to the deformation condition, they can be divide...
8
2018 - 09 - 27
In order to make it convenient for customers to buy and custom spring, some brief introduction about spring and specification parameters are summarized as follows:The common spring can be classified as: stretching spiral spring, compression spiral spring and torsion spiral spring.Among them, stretch and compression springs are mostly produced in quantity, with complicated specifications but suitable for slight modifications. If a small amount of springs is needed and the characteristics of springs are not critical, they can be purchased easily in the market with a higher unit price.The users o...
9
2018 - 09 - 28
The diameter of wire wound by automatic spring machine is 0.2-3mm, and the adjustment process is as follows:1. Calibrate the feeding roller and winch to fit the diameter of steel wire and install the pitch wedge and cutting knife.2. Insert the steel wire into the spring machine and press the pressure plate and feeding roller.3. Adjust the distance of winding xiao zi, control the diameter of spring, and adjust the pitch wedge and xiao zi Angle to control the spring pitch and parallel head.4. Install an appropriate cutter, adjust the feeding CAM according to the spring expansion length, cut off ...
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Properties of spring material

日期: 2018-09-22
浏览次数: 4
Daisy

1) high strength: in order to improve the spring's ability to resist fatigue failure and relaxation, the spring material should have a high yield strength and elastic limit, and in particular, a high ratio of strength to strength.In general, the elastic limit of the material is directly proportional to the yield strength, so the spring design and the manufacturer always want the material to have a high yield strength.The tensile strength and yield strength of the spring material are close, for example, about 90% of the carbon steel wire of cold drawn is about: since the tensile strength is easier to be measured than the yield strength, the tensile strength is provided in the delivery of the material, so the tensile strength is generally used as the basis in design and manufacture.However, the material's tensile strength is not the higher the better, the higher the strength will reduce the material's plasticity and toughness, and increase brittle tendency.The tensile strength of the material is related to its chemical composition, metallographic structure, heat treatment, degree of cold processing (drawing or rolling) and other factors such as strengthening process.There is also a certain relationship between tensile strength and fatigue strength. When the material is below 1600MPa, its fatigue strength increases with the increase of tensile strength.

2) good plasticity and toughness: during the spring manufacturing process, the material has to undergo processing deformation of different degrees, so a certain plasticity is required.For example, the hook ring and torsion arm of the spring with complex shape, when the radius of curvature is very small, the spring material shall not have defects such as cracks and broken in the process of winding or stamping forming.At the same time, when the spring bears the impact load or variable load, the material should have good toughness, which will be of great benefit to the life of the spring.

Properties of spring material

3) excellent surface state and the fatigue performance: the biggest spring under the surface of the work stress, and fatigue failure often starts from the surface of steel wire, for use in the important occasion of the spring, such as valve spring, valve spring and the suspension spring are required to have millions of times, even tens of millions of times more long cycle life, it's on the material fatigue performance of the high demands are put forward.There are many factors that affect the fatigue properties of materials, such as the chemical composition of materials, hardness, purity of steel, surface quality and metallographic structure, especially the surface quality of materials.The surface defects of materials, such as cracks, folds, scales, rust, pits, scratches and indentations, can easily cause stress concentration in the working process of the spring.The stress concentration is often the source of fatigue failure.The fatigue source is also easy to occur at the site of surface decarburization, so strict control of decarburization depth is also a very important quality indicator.In order to improve the surface quality of the spring material, the material surface can be polished or polished. Before steel wire drawing, a layer of material epidermis can be removed by peeling technology. In this way, most surface defects can be removed.Spring heat treatment can be used to control the atmosphere or vacuum heat treatment to prevent surface decarburization and oxidation.

4) strict dimensional accuracy: many springs have higher requirements on load accuracy. For example, the load deviation of valve springs should not be greater than 5%-6% of the specified load. Take pull and pressure springs with round steel wire as an example.It can be seen that strict dimensional accuracy is also very important to ensure the quality of the spring.

5) good uniformity: the uniformity requirements for materials refer to the uniformity and stability requirements for the chemical composition, mechanical properties, dimensional deviation and other indicators of materials.If all aspects of the material performance is inconsistent, it will bring great difficulties to the spring production, resulting in the product geometric size, hardness, load and other parameters of dispersion, serious non-uniformity and even waste.

In order to meet the above performance requirements, spring steel must have excellent metallurgical quality, including strictly controlled chemical composition, high purity, low impurity content, low non-metallic inclusion content, and control its shape, particle size and distribution.In addition, homogeneity and stability of steel are required.Spring steel shall also have good surface quality (including surface decarburization) and high precision shape and size.

At present, spring steel is mainly produced by electric furnace or converter, which is characterized by high power and capacity, and is used as spring material for general machinery.For materials with high performance springs, ladle refining, vacuum degassing and other outside refining technologies are widely used, such as ladle blowing argon, ladle refining furnace (LF), vacuum treatment (RH), etc., to strictly control chemical composition and reduce the content of gas and various non-metallic inclusions.In addition, non-metallic inclusion control technology is adopted to control the shape, particle size and distribution of non-metallic inclusions, such as feeding human calcium wire and spraying calcium powder to make non-metallic inclusions contain CaO and control their particle size.In the process of steelmaking, the composition of non-metallic inclusions is changed by adjusting the deoxidizer and furnace slag to make it easy to plastic deformation during hot rolling.By using RH degassing technology, the oxygen content can be greatly reduced and the fatigue life can be significantly improved.

Continuous casting has been widely used in spring steel production.Compared with mold casting, continuous casting can reduce the segregation of steel and improve the uniformity of steel by electromagnetic stirring and low temperature casting.Reduce secondary oxidation and improve surface decarburization of steel;Make the structure and properties of steel stable and uniform;Increase yield and productivity;In combination with outside refining technology to reduce oxygen content and effectively control the chemical composition of steel.

The longitudinal continuous rolling mill is widely used in foreign countries for high speed, no twist, no tension rolling under the condition of increasing the dimensional deviation of spring steel, section shape, surface quality (including the depth of decarburization) and the microstructure uniformity along the length of steel.Short stress line or prestress mill is used to ensure steel size accuracy.


Relevant recommendations
2018 . 11 . 03
Internal combustion engine valve spring, low, medium and high stress valve spring, safety valve spring, pressure reducing valve, electric regulating valve, pneumatic regulating valve, self-support regulating valve, hydraulic control valve, steam trap, gate valve, as per valve, butterfly valve, ball valve, check valve, special valve, hydraulic valve, electromagnetic valve, etc.Relief valve: spring safety valve by using the spring force, spring loaded relief valve is closed and not closed in two kinds of structure, general inflammable, explosive or toxic medium should choose enclosed, steam or inert gases can choose not enclosed, in spring safety valve with a wrench and without a wrench, wrench mainly is to check the effect of the flexibility of the disc, sometimes also can be used as a manu...
2018 . 11 . 03
In the transmission mechanism of the press, when the clutch and the brake adopt mechanical rigid interlock, as long as the air is set on the clutch.The cylinder, the air pressure ACTS on the piston of the cylinder to make the clutch friction pair fit, and to make the air pressure of the spring brake brake friction pair separate and not brake, so when the air cylinder enters, the brake friction pair should be separated first, and then the clutch friction pair fits to complete the combination.The friction pair separation of the clutch and the friction pair fitting of the brake are respectively achieved by the clutch reset spring and the brake spring. Therefore, when the cylinder is vented, the brake spring and the reset spring separate the clutch friction pair and then make the brake fr...
2018 . 11 . 02
Zinc electroplating: zinc is stable in dry air and changes little. A white film of zinc oxide or carbon zinc carbonate is formed in moist air. This dense film will prevent further corrosion. Therefore, the galvanizing layer is used for the spring corrosion protection under general atmospheric conditions. Zinc coating should not be used for all springs that are in contact with solutions such as sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid and caustic soda, as well as springs that work in humid air such as sulfur trioxide.Generally, passivation of galvanized coating can improve the protective performance of coating and increase the appearance of coating.· cadmium electroplating: in the atmosphere of sea or high temperature, and the spring in contact with sea water, and in the spring in 70 pens of h...
2018 . 11 . 02
Cylindrical spiral spring structureThere are three types of cylindrical spiral spring:1. Cylindrical spiral compression spring1) spacing between springsLet the spring's pitch be p;The diameter of the spring wire is d;In the free state, there should be proper spacing between the circles.In order to make the spring still maintain a certain elasticity after compression, it is also necessary to ensure that there is a certain gap of 1 between each circle under the maximum load.The size of lens 1 is generally recommended to be: in addition 1=0.1d or greater than 0.2mm2) dead circleThe two ends of the spring are closed with the adjacent ring (no gap), which only supports the spring without deformation.When the number of working rings of the spring is less than or equal to 7, the dead ring at each...
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