HOT INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 04 - 18
We can look at the relationship between the force applied to a spring and its resulting displacement. Again, there are three classes of springs: linear (or constant rate) springs, variable rate springs, and constant force springs.Linear springsLinear springs obey Hooke’s Law (F=k*x), which means that the force needed to extend or compress such a spring by distance x is proportional to the distance, as long as the force doesn’t exceed the elastic limit of the spring. Torsion springs obey an analogous version of Hooke’s Law (F=k*θ, where θ is an angle). In both cases, k is the spring rate, and i...
2
2018 - 07 - 30
Detection of the characteristics of 7.2 torsion springsWhen measuring torque, the size of the torsional spring axis must be suitable. The inner diameter of the spring should be kept to a certain gap, and the friction force and friction torque caused by the contraction of the inner diameter of the spring should be avoided, and the measurement accuracy should be affected. But the spindle can not be too small, otherwise it will cause the offset between the external torque and the measuring torque center, resulting in the error of the torque measurement. The specific testing program for torsion sp...
3
2018 - 08 - 13
Like most other basic mechanisms, metal springs have existed for a long time in the bronze age. Even for metals, wood is used as a structural member of flexible bow and arrow and military catapult. In the Renaissance, precise clocks made precision springs the first necessity. In Fourteenth Century, we saw the precise clock of revolutionary astronomical navigation developed. The world's exploration and conquest of European colonial powers continue to provide impetus for watchmakers "science and art." The other area of the firearm promotes the development of the spring. At the dawn of ...
4
2018 - 08 - 24
We can look at the relationship between the force applied to a spring and its resulting displacement. Again, there are three classes of springs: linear (or constant rate) springs, variable rate springs, and constant force springs.Linear springsLinear springs obey Hooke’s Law (F=k*x), which means that the force needed to extend or compress such a spring by distance x is proportional to the distance, as long as the force doesn’t exceed the elastic limit of the spring. Torsion springs obey an analogous version of Hooke’s Law (F=k*θ, where θ is an angle). In both cases, k is the spring rate, and i...
5
2018 - 09 - 08
(1) heat treatment technology for strengthening springs.1) protective atmosphere heat treatment. In our country, protective atmosphere heat treatment is adopted in spring, oil quenched and tempered steel wire and toughened steel whose wire rod is less than 15mm. Heat treatment in protective atmosphere can remove surface decarbonization and oxidation and improve the surface quality of materials.2) induction heating or protective atmosphere induction heating heat treatment. This process is usually carried out on the wire before forming the coil spring. Some spring factories combine heat treatmen...
6
2018 - 09 - 20
The purpose of mold spring is to take off material, press material, the strength of the spring, which is related to whether the mold production is smooth, whether the product is qualified.Spring force is small, may cause the product to be out of shape, the mold does not take off the material, the product is bad to take out from the mold inside, the belt material, the knife edge, punch easy to wear and so on each kind of question.Mold spring according to different production times, compression amount selected, the larger the spring life, the shorter die life, of course, the broken spring can be...
7
2018 - 09 - 30
Please avoid the improper way of using (1) more than the use of the maximum compression (300000 back to the conditions, after a close with the use of a long) stress causing the wreck, close to close with the use of a long, can make the spring line department gradually close to that, because of the high spring constant change caused by load curve with high, nearly and produce high stress to make spring break, please do not use more than 300000 times.The use of the spring without prepressure due to the gap caused the spring up and down vibration caused the spring distortion, if there is prepress...
8
2018 - 10 - 17
Washing method according to the surface state:General considerationsWhen washing, please pay attention not to scratch the surface to avoid using the bleaching ingredients and the cleaning solution containing abrasive agent, steel ball (brush roller ball), grinding tools, etc. In order to remove the cleaning solution, wash the surface with clean water at the end of washing.Surface condition and washing methodDust and dirt are washed with soap, a mild detergent, or warm waterLabel and film with warm water, weak detergent to scrubThe binder ingredient is alcohol or organic solutionUse a mild clot...
9
2018 - 10 - 29
Each circle is formed into a tightly closed spiral ring or a pitch ring, which extends outwards when subjected to external forces and maintains a force of contraction towards the middle.There are many kinds of spring hooks: English hook, German hook, earring hook, fishtail hook, etc.(1) free length: (a) total length, (b) total length of the ring, and (c) length inside the hook ring.(2) control diameter :(a) outside diameter, (b) inside diameter, (c) inside diameter of casing.(3) steel wire size "wire diameter".(4) materials (type, grade).(5) winding number :(a) total winding number a...
NEW INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 04 - 18
We can look at the relationship between the force applied to a spring and its resulting displacement. Again, there are three classes of springs: linear (or constant rate) springs, variable rate springs, and constant force springs.Linear springsLinear springs obey Hooke’s Law (F=k*x), which means that the force needed to extend or compress such a spring by distance x is proportional to the distance, as long as the force doesn’t exceed the elastic limit of the spring. Torsion springs obey an analogous version of Hooke’s Law (F=k*θ, where θ is an angle). In both cases, k is the spring rate, and i...
2
2018 - 08 - 07
What is the fall of autumn?The fall of autumn, the thirteenth throttle of the twenty-four solar calendar in the lunar calendar, is the first throttle of autumn, marking the official start of the season of Meng Qiu: "autumn" means the summer to cool. By the beginning of autumn, the Chinese parasol trees began to shed their leaves. From the point of view of writing, the word "Qiu" is composed of grass and fire characters. Autumn is a transitional season from hot to cool and then from cold to cold.The fall of autumn, July. A word can be found in spring. Autumn is the same.At t...
3
2018 - 08 - 17
8, detection of fatigue property and relaxation rate of spring8.1 spring fatigue performance testing requirements: the spring that bears the variable load is in the internal quality of the enterprise.Quantity control, user inspection, new product certification, certification, industry sampling and process adjustment.In the ring section, the fatigue performance must be tested. The testing method can be tested by fatigue life testThere are two kinds of certificate test or reliability evaluation test, but they are classified and certified for products.Reliability evaluation test must be adopted t...
4
2018 - 09 - 04
There are two types of heat treatment deformation: one is the size change, the other two is the change of part geometry. Different methods of heat treatment, deformation and deformation prevention of parts size and geometry are also different.The longer the holding time and the higher the temperature are, the more carbon is dissolved into austenite and the larger the expansion of martensite is. The expansion of martensite is the largest, followed by upper bainite, and the volume change of lower bainite and troostite is very small. At low temperature tempering, martensite shrinks and the amount...
5
2018 - 09 - 17
Hard inspection method for chemical heat treatment and surface quenching and temperingSurface heat treatment is divided into two categories, one is chemical heat treatment and the other is surface quenching and tempering heat treatment. The hardness test method is as follows:1. Chemical heat treatmentChemical heat treatment is to make the workpiece surface infiltrate one or several chemical elements of the atom, thereby changing the workpiece surface chemical composition, organization and performance.After quenching and tempering, the surface of the workpiece has high hardness, wear resistance...
6
2018 - 09 - 27
In order to make it convenient for customers to buy and custom spring, some brief introduction about spring and specification parameters are summarized as follows:The common spring can be classified as: stretching spiral spring, compression spiral spring and torsion spiral spring.Among them, stretch and compression springs are mostly produced in quantity, with complicated specifications but suitable for slight modifications. If a small amount of springs is needed and the characteristics of springs are not critical, they can be purchased easily in the market with a higher unit price.The users o...
7
2018 - 10 - 12
There are many ways of making spring, but the main forming part is cold forming and hot forming.In spring in the cold forming process, the spring mainly made by oil material toughening, lead bath quenching tempering spring wire, cold drawn wire, etc., using this kind of material in the manufacturing process of spring generally do not need special heat treatment and only requires the stress relieving, adopted by the spring design work stress and material performance.Spring cold forming process is generally suitable for special-shaped spring with small line diameter or more complicated shape, su...
8
2018 - 10 - 23
Wire forming spring is a mechanical part that uses elasticity to work. It is usually made of spring steel. It is used to control the movement of machine parts, to mitigate impact or vibration, to store energy and to measure the magnitude of force. It is widely used in machines and instruments.The spring is just an accumulator. It has the function of storing energy, but it can not release the energy slowly. To realize the function of releasing slowly, it should be realized by "Spring + large transmission ratio mechanism", which is common in the mechanical meter.Spring is a kind of ela...
9
2019 - 12 - 16
Put simply, the most important factors of torsion spring performance are spring rate deflection, load capacity, and wind. In a torsion spring, spring rate accounts for the return of angular torque per unit of angular displacement. Deflection is the amount that the spring resists pressure before overstressing itself and becoming damaged (bent), and the wind is simply how the spring is wound, be it right (clockwise), left (counterclockwise), or with double torsion.torsion springThe following is the necessary information of a torsion spring:(1) control diameter: (a) outer diameter, (b) ...
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Production of spring

日期: 2018-09-06
浏览次数: 18
nelson

The technological process of helical springs refers to the process of converting spring materials into finished springs, which flow through every process in sequence. Because of the spring material, the spring type and the processing method are different, the technological procedures of the spiral spring are also different. However, their basic technological processes are coil spring heat treatment end processing surface treatment.

Next, introduce several typical processes.

1. manufacturing compressed spiral spring with cold drawn spring steel wire

For the lathe coil spring, after the winding spring process has to be cut off, a spring connected to several springs is separated into a single spring.

Some important springs can add a blank height classification procedure before grinding the face to ensure grinding quality. The grinding process can be divided into two processes: rough grinding and fine Tang, and burrs or chamfering after rough grinding.

2. using cold drawn spring steel wire to make spiral spring

The manufacture of stretched coil spring has a special automatic spring coiling machine abroad. For some typical hook rings, it can be completed once in the coil spring process. However, the machine tool has not been produced in China. The drawing spring hook ring is made by some special moulds, and it is a special working procedure.

It is worth noting that the residual stress in the stress recovery process after the coil spring is eliminated in the process of winding, and the tempering process after the making of the hook and ring is to eliminate the internal stress produced when the hook ring is made. Although these two processes all have the effect of eliminating internal stress, they can not be merged into one process, because the former process of tempering has a "shape" function to ensure the relative position precision of the hook and ring. And the heating temperature of the subsequent tempering process must not be higher than the tempering temperature of the previous one.

Unlike compression springs, tensile springs are usually not subjected to "tensile" treatment. Since pellets are difficult to spray into the inner surface of the spring, shot peening is not carried out. 

3. using cold drawn spring steel wire to make torsional spiral spring

Similar to the tensile springs, the manufacture of the torsion spring is also made by a special automatic reed abroad. For some typical twisting arms, it can be completed at the same time in the coil spring process. However, at present, only the straightaway spring coiling machine is used in China, and the torsion arm must be completed with special mould in special process.

At present, there are two typical technological processes for the production of twisting spiral springs at home. One is to set down the material first and then to reel the other other processes, such as the process flow of the double arm spring, and the other is the process similar to the spring, but the spring is the hook ring and the torsion spring is the twist arm.

Production of spring


As the residual stress produced in the coil spring is opposite to the direction of the working stress, the tempering process is often omitted in order to allow these beneficial residual stresses to reduce the peak stress of the working stress. However, tempering treatment is conducive to stabilizing the grain structure of spring materials and reducing the deformation caused by collisions in spring transportation.

Strong torsion treatment is also a procedure for arranging very few special torsion springs.

4. make spring springs with spring steel wire supplied by annealed state.

The alloy spring steel wire supplied by the annealing state is mainly used to make the compressed spiral spring. Its process flow is mainly quenched and tempered after forming, and the spring end needs to be treated by normalizing, and the other processes are basically the same.

The process flow of 5. hot coil large spring

The spring with material diameter greater than 12mm is often called large spring and is usually made by thermoforming. The hot coil spring is basically a compressed spiral spring.

The hot coil spring is a core coil spring. For the coil conical helical compression spring, because of the difficulty of "opening" (winding out pitch) during the rolling process, it has the task of opening the gears in the correction process. In addition, in order to ensure quenching temperature, the calibration process must be accurate and rapid. Otherwise, the quenching must be reheated. In order to improve the fatigue life of hot coil spring, shot peening should be carried out as far as possible.


Relevant recommendations
2020 . 01 . 13
Constant force spring, or “clock” spring, is a roll of prestressed strip which exerts a nearly constant restraining force to resist uncoiling. The force is constant because the change in the radius of curvature is constant.   Such applications as brush springs for motors, counterbalance springs for window sashes and carriage return springs for typewriters. Constant force motor springs are used to drive mechanisms for timers, movie cameras and cable retractors.Constant force spring also known as coil spring helix in a plane of the spring, Spring is the material wound into a plane of the spiral of a spring, the spring is fixed at one end, the other end of the material after acting torque bending torque, bending elastic deformation, so the spring in its own plane to p...
2020 . 01 . 13
A compression spring is an open-coil helical spring that offers resistance to a compressive force applied axially. They are usually coiled at a constant diameter, though they can be coiled in other needed forms such as conical, concave (barrel), convex (hourglass), or various combinations of these. Compression springs are used to resist force and/or store energy,1、CharacteristicsBy far the most widely used type of spring, compression springs are designed to oppose compression and return to its uncompressed length when the applied force is removed. 2、Service LifeIt should be noted that if critical force-versus-deflection linearity is required, only the center 60-80% of the available deflection range should be employed.Thus, reserve at least the first and last 15-20% of t...
2020 . 01 . 06
When choosing the right spring, selecting the best spring wire is a critical before manufacturing. Below are some of the most common spring wire materials and their unique characteristics .Stainless Steel SpringsStainless steel springs have low-stress relaxation and resist corrosion. They have good strength at moderate temperatures and are resistant to heat. Extension springs are most commonly made from stainless steel.Extension springs absorb energy and provide resistance to pulling. As the name suggests, an extension spring stretches as a load is applied to it. Applications for extension springs include carburetors, trampolines and farm machinery.Oil Tempered Spring WireOil tempered wire is cold drawn and heat treated before plating. Ideal as a general purpose spring wire, it is often us...
2020 . 01 . 06
springs are a mechanical part that use elasticity to work. Generally made of spring steel. It is widely used in machines and instruments to control the movement of machine parts, mitigate impact or vibration, store and store energy, measure force, etc.The spring is just an accumulator, it has the function of storing energy, but can not release the energy slowly, to achieve the release of this function should rely on the 'spring + large transmission ratio mechanism' to achieve, common in the mechanical table.The spring is widely used in the mechanical and electronic industry. The spring can produce a large elastic deformation under load and convert mechanical work or kinetic energy into deformation energy. After unloading, the spring's deformation disappears and returns to its original stat...
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