HOT INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 08 - 10
Stainless steel spring general precautions when washing, please pay attention to no surface friction to avoid the use of bleaching components and washing liquid containing abrasives, steel ball, grinding tools, etc., in order to remove the washing liquid, washing the end, rinse the surface with clean water.Surface state and washing methodDust and scaling - wash with soap or warm water.Label and film - scrub with warm water and weak detergent.Binder ingredients - use alcohol or organic solution;Fat, oil, lubricating oil contamination - with soft cloth or paper after drying with a neutral deterg...
2
2018 - 09 - 29
The spring relief valve is mainly composed of spool, seat, stem, spring and adjusting screw.The relief valve mainly USES spring force to press the spool on the seat.When the boiler pressure exceeds the pressure exerted by the spring on the upper part of the spool, the spool and stem are lifted and steam is discharged.When the boiler pressure is lower than the spring pressure acting on the upper part of the spool, the spool falls on the seat and the boiler stops discharging steam.The spool is a cone with a slight protrusion around the edge of the spool.When the steam opens the valve core, the e...
3
2018 - 07 - 25
Core tip: the surface of spring can be generally treated, such as blackening (blue), phosphating, electroplating, spray molding, etc. In recent years, the zinc chromium film dacroa DACROMET dacroa protective layer has excellent corrosion resistance, which is 710 times the corrosion resistance of the traditional electroplating layer, and there is no hydrogen embrittlement in the electroplating process. Generally, the surface of springs can be treated, such as blackening (blue), phosphating, electroplating, spray molding, etc. In recent years, the zinc chromium film "dacrom DACROMET da...
4
2018 - 09 - 17
(1) metal tissue1. Metal: it has good thermal and electrical conductivity with opaque and metallic luster, and its electrical conductivity decreases with the increase of temperature, and it is rich in ductility and malleability.A solid (or crystal) in which the atoms of a metal are regularly arranged.2. Alloy: a substance which is composed of two or more metals or metals and non-metals and has metal properties.3. Phase: components with the same composition, structure and performance in the alloy.Solid solution: an atom (compound) of one (or several) element dissolves into the lattice of anothe...
5
2018 - 08 - 29
In view of the harm caused by the surface defects of high carbon steel wire rods, the surface defects of high carbon steel wire rods were systematically analyzed by means of surface pickling, metallographic analysis and scanning electron microscopy, the types of defects were determined, the causes of defects were analyzed, and the improvement measures were put forward. After the implementation of these measures, the surface defects of high carbon steel wire rods were basically eliminated. Surface quality defects. The conclusions are as follows: 1. The surface defects found in high carbon ...
6
2018 - 10 - 19
When the spring is made from materials that do not need to be hardened or tempered after forming, the process is spiral compression spring: rolling, de-stressed annealing, grinding of two ends, (shot blasting), (rectification), (de-stressed annealing), standing or strong pressure treatment, inspection, surface anti-corrosion treatment, packaging.Coil stretching spring: rolling, de-stress annealing, hook making, (cutting the tail), de-stress annealing, standing treatment, inspection, surface anti-corrosion treatment, packaging.Spiral torsion spring: rolling, de-stress annealing, torsion arm mak...
7
2018 - 08 - 13
Like most other basic mechanisms, metal springs have existed for a long time in the bronze age. Even for metals, wood is used as a structural member of flexible bow and arrow and military catapult. In the Renaissance, precise clocks made precision springs the first necessity. In Fourteenth Century, we saw the precise clock of revolutionary astronomical navigation developed. The world's exploration and conquest of European colonial powers continue to provide impetus for watchmakers "science and art." The other area of the firearm promotes the development of the spring. At the dawn of ...
8
2018 - 09 - 30
Please avoid the improper way of using (1) more than the use of the maximum compression (300000 back to the conditions, after a close with the use of a long) stress causing the wreck, close to close with the use of a long, can make the spring line department gradually close to that, because of the high spring constant change caused by load curve with high, nearly and produce high stress to make spring break, please do not use more than 300000 times.The use of the spring without prepressure due to the gap caused the spring up and down vibration caused the spring distortion, if there is prepress...
9
2018 - 07 - 26
Salt fog refers to the dispersion system composed of salt micro droplets in the atmosphere. It is one of the three defense series of artificial environment. Many enterprise products need to simulate the destructive nature of the marine surrounding climate to the products. The salt fog test is a simulation of this phenomenon, so the test equipment, salt fog test box, came into being.Salt fog can be divided into two categories, one is natural environmental exposure test, the other is artificial accelerated salt spray environmental test. The artificial simulated salt fog environment test is a kin...
NEW INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 08 - 17
8, detection of fatigue property and relaxation rate of spring8.1 spring fatigue performance testing requirements: the spring that bears the variable load is in the internal quality of the enterprise.Quantity control, user inspection, new product certification, certification, industry sampling and process adjustment.In the ring section, the fatigue performance must be tested. The testing method can be tested by fatigue life testThere are two kinds of certificate test or reliability evaluation test, but they are classified and certified for products.Reliability evaluation test must be adopted t...
2
2018 - 10 - 12
The spring is often corroded by the surrounding medium in the process of manufacture, storage and use.As the spring works under the influence of the spring force, the spring force will change and lose its function after being corroded.Therefore, preventing the corrosion of the spring can guarantee the stability of the spring and extend its service life.The corrosion of spring can be divided into chemical corrosion and electrochemical corrosion according to the type of reaction.They are the result of changes in the metal atoms on the surface of the spring or the loss of electrons to an ionic st...
3
2018 - 08 - 01
The basic spring parameters of the spring:1. Spring wire diameter D: wire diameter of spring.2. The outer diameter of the spring D2: the maximum outer diameter of the spring.3. The inner diameter of the spring D1: the smallest outer diameter of the spring.4. The middle diameter of the spring is D: the average diameter of the spring. Their calculation formula is: D= (D2+D1) +2=D1+d=D2-d5, pitch T: except for the support ring, the distance between the two adjacent circles of the spring corresponds to the axial distance on the middle diameter of the spring, and is expressed by t.6, effective circ...
4
2018 - 09 - 22
1) high strength: in order to improve the spring's ability to resist fatigue failure and relaxation, the spring material should have a high yield strength and elastic limit, and in particular, a high ratio of strength to strength.In general, the elastic limit of the material is directly proportional to the yield strength, so the spring design and the manufacturer always want the material to have a high yield strength.The tensile strength and yield strength of the spring material are close, for example, about 90% of the carbon steel wire of cold drawn is about: since the tensile strength is eas...
5
2018 - 09 - 08
(1) heat treatment technology for strengthening springs.1) protective atmosphere heat treatment. In our country, protective atmosphere heat treatment is adopted in spring, oil quenched and tempered steel wire and toughened steel whose wire rod is less than 15mm. Heat treatment in protective atmosphere can remove surface decarbonization and oxidation and improve the surface quality of materials.2) induction heating or protective atmosphere induction heating heat treatment. This process is usually carried out on the wire before forming the coil spring. Some spring factories combine heat treatmen...
6
2018 - 10 - 29
Each circle is formed into a tightly closed spiral ring or a pitch ring, which extends outwards when subjected to external forces and maintains a force of contraction towards the middle.There are many kinds of spring hooks: English hook, German hook, earring hook, fishtail hook, etc.(1) free length: (a) total length, (b) total length of the ring, and (c) length inside the hook ring.(2) control diameter :(a) outside diameter, (b) inside diameter, (c) inside diameter of casing.(3) steel wire size "wire diameter".(4) materials (type, grade).(5) winding number :(a) total winding number a...
7
2018 - 08 - 17
8, detection of fatigue property and relaxation rate of spring8.1 spring fatigue performance testing requirements: the spring that bears the variable load is in the internal quality of the enterprise.Quantity control, user inspection, new product certification, certification, industry sampling and process adjustment.In the ring section, the fatigue performance must be tested. The testing method can be tested by fatigue life testThere are two kinds of certificate test or reliability evaluation test, but they are classified and certified for products.Reliability evaluation test must be adopted t...
8
2018 - 10 - 12
There are many ways of making spring, but the main forming part is cold forming and hot forming.In spring in the cold forming process, the spring mainly made by oil material toughening, lead bath quenching tempering spring wire, cold drawn wire, etc., using this kind of material in the manufacturing process of spring generally do not need special heat treatment and only requires the stress relieving, adopted by the spring design work stress and material performance.Spring cold forming process is generally suitable for special-shaped spring with small line diameter or more complicated shape, su...
9
2018 - 08 - 02
Fr- spring radial load (N)  Radial stiffness of the F'r-spring (N/mm)  Fs- spring test load (N)  F- Spring deformation (mm)  Fj- deformation under working limit load Fj (mm)  Fr- spring static deformation (mm)  Fs- The amount of deformation of the spring under the test load Fs (mm); the amount of linear static deformation (mm)  Fo- tension spring corresponds to the assumed deformation amount (mm) of the tensile force Fo; the central deformation amount of the diaphragm (mm)  G-material shear modulus (MPa)  ...
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The development course of spring material (Part 2)

日期: 2018-08-14
浏览次数: 5
nelson

(4) the development of stainless steel

China is a big country in the production of stainless steel. With the production and development of stainless steel, many varieties have been developed naturally. At present, more than 50 kinds of stainless steel have been developed, which basically meet the needs of domestic production and development, and a brief description of some new varieties developed at present.

1) the initial formation of austenitic stainless steel system. Low carbon austenitic stainless steel 0Cr18Ni9 and 00Cr17Ni2Mo2 have been developed to eliminate fatigue corrosion caused by carbon element. In order to improve its special properties, Cu, Ti, Nb, Mn, Cr, Si and N elements can be added.

2) the development of nitrogen containing stainless steel. The results of nitrogen generation of carbon in stainless steel were achieved. N and C have many common characteristics in austenitic stainless steel. The effect of N stable austenite is larger than that of Ni, which is equal to that of C. The combination of N and Mn can replace the more expensive Ni.

N is also one of the most effective solid solution strengthening elements in austenite. The affinity between N and Cr is less than that of C and Cr, and austenitic steels rarely see the precipitation of Cr2N. Therefore, N can improve the strength of stainless steel without decreasing the corrosion resistance.

The development course of spring material (Part 2)

3) the development of super ferritic stainless steel. Ferritic stainless steel has good corrosion and oxidation resistance, and its stress corrosion resistance is better than that of austenitic stainless steel. The price is cheaper than austenitic stainless steel. However, the disadvantages of poor weldability and brittleness tend to be limited, and the production and use are limited. The weldability and brittleness of ferritic steel can be improved by reducing the content of carbon and nitrogen in steel and adding the stabilizing elements such as Ti, Nb, Zr and Ta, and adding three kinds of metal toughening elements such as Cu, AI and V.

4) the development of super austenitic steel. The content of super austenitic steel Cr, Mo and N is significantly higher than that of conventional stainless steel. The more famous one is the steel containing 6% Mo (245SMo). This kind of steel has very good local corrosion resistance. Under the condition of sea water, gas, crevice and low speed scour, it has good resistance to pitting (PI 40) and good resistance to stress corrosion. It is a substitute for Ni based alloy and titanium alloy.

5) the development of super martensitic stainless steel. The traditional martensitic stainless steel 2Cr13, 3Cr13, 4Cr13 and 1Cr17Ni2 lack sufficient ductility, and the corresponding force is very sensitive during the cold deforging process, and cold forming is difficult. In addition, the weldability of steel is relatively poor, and the application scope is limited. In order to overcome the above shortcomings of martensitic steel, an effective way has been found recently, which is to develop a new series of alloy steel super martensitic steel by reducing the content of C and Ti and increasing the content of Ni. This kind of steel has high tensile strength, good ductility and improved welding performance, so super martensitic steel is also called soft martensitic steel or weldable martensitic steel.


Relevant recommendations
2018 . 12 . 03
Today, the development of science and technology, spring has been a very important hardware accessories in our life, different products use the spring is not the same, the longest used spring can be roughly divided into: tension spring, torsion spring, compression spring, spiral spring, flat spring.The following is a very practical tension spring characteristics of the application:Many different products or hooks are used to ensure that the tension spring tension source, tension spring and compression spring work in the opposite way, tension spring is in the extension or pull out of the reverse action, when we pull pull spring on both sides of the loop device, tension spring in the middle of the wire will try to pull them back together.Tension springs are usually stretched with a certain a...
2018 . 11 . 03
Internal combustion engine valve spring, low, medium and high stress valve spring, safety valve spring, pressure reducing valve, electric regulating valve, pneumatic regulating valve, self-support regulating valve, hydraulic control valve, steam trap, gate valve, as per valve, butterfly valve, ball valve, check valve, special valve, hydraulic valve, electromagnetic valve, etc.Relief valve: spring safety valve by using the spring force, spring loaded relief valve is closed and not closed in two kinds of structure, general inflammable, explosive or toxic medium should choose enclosed, steam or inert gases can choose not enclosed, in spring safety valve with a wrench and without a wrench, wrench mainly is to check the effect of the flexibility of the disc, sometimes also can be used as a manu...
2018 . 11 . 03
In the transmission mechanism of the press, when the clutch and the brake adopt mechanical rigid interlock, as long as the air is set on the clutch.The cylinder, the air pressure ACTS on the piston of the cylinder to make the clutch friction pair fit, and to make the air pressure of the spring brake brake friction pair separate and not brake, so when the air cylinder enters, the brake friction pair should be separated first, and then the clutch friction pair fits to complete the combination.The friction pair separation of the clutch and the friction pair fitting of the brake are respectively achieved by the clutch reset spring and the brake spring. Therefore, when the cylinder is vented, the brake spring and the reset spring separate the clutch friction pair and then make the brake fr...
2018 . 11 . 02
Zinc electroplating: zinc is stable in dry air and changes little. A white film of zinc oxide or carbon zinc carbonate is formed in moist air. This dense film will prevent further corrosion. Therefore, the galvanizing layer is used for the spring corrosion protection under general atmospheric conditions. Zinc coating should not be used for all springs that are in contact with solutions such as sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid and caustic soda, as well as springs that work in humid air such as sulfur trioxide.Generally, passivation of galvanized coating can improve the protective performance of coating and increase the appearance of coating.· cadmium electroplating: in the atmosphere of sea or high temperature, and the spring in contact with sea water, and in the spring in 70 pens of h...
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