HOT INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 07 - 14
Spring is one of the most commonly used parts in the mechanical and electronic products industry. It can produce very large elastic deformation when it is loaded, and this elastic deformation also transforms mechanical work or kinetic energy into deformation energy, which can unload the change of spring, and disappear and return to the original shape, finally, finally. Transformation of deformation energy into mechanical work or kinetic energy. With the continuous progress of the times, the application of spring is very wide, the automobile, computer, TV, pin, phone, cell phone and so on are u...
2
2018 - 08 - 01
Core tips: elastic formula: F=kx, F for elastic, K for the stiffness coefficient, X for the length of the spring length, such as the length of the spring for example, to test a spring of 5N: 5N pull the stiffness coefficient of 100N/m spring, the spring is elongated 5cmF= KX, K is the stiffness coefficient (unit is Newton per meter), X is the spring elongation (unit is rice), this law is called Hooke's law.Elastic formula:F=kx, F is elastic, K is stiffness coefficient, X is spring stretch length.For example, to test a 5N spring:When a spring with a stiffness coefficient of 100N/m is pulled by ...
3
2018 - 08 - 14
(5) the development of spring steel wireAfter more than 100 years of development, the technology of spring steel has experienced lead hardened to oil quenching, and now it develops to induction hardening. Coupled with the continuous innovation and improvement of technology and equipment, the quality of varieties is constantly updated. The newly developed valves have been developed by induction heating and tempering with spring steel wire. It has been proved that the plastic, toughness, relaxation, fracture toughness, delayed fracture resistance, fatigue life and so on are all compared with oil...
4
2018 - 08 - 27
Core tip: the surface of spring can be generally treated, such as blackening (blue), phosphating, electroplating, spray molding, etc. In recent years, the zinc chromium film dacroa DACROMET dacroa protective layer has excellent corrosion resistance, which is 710 times the corrosion resistance of the traditional electroplating layer, and there is no hydrogen embrittlement in the electroplating process. Generally, the surface of springs can be treated, such as blackening (blue), phosphating, electroplating, spray molding, etc. In recent years, the zinc chromium film "dacrom DACROMET da...
5
2018 - 09 - 11
Like most other basic mechanisms, metal springs have existed for a long time in the bronze age. Even for metals, wood is used as a structural member of flexible bow and arrow and military catapult. In the Renaissance, precise clocks made precision springs the first necessity. In Fourteenth Century, we saw the precise clock of revolutionary astronomical navigation developed. The world's exploration and conquest of European colonial powers continue to provide impetus for watchmakers "science and art." The other area of the firearm promotes the development of the spring. At the dawn of ...
6
2018 - 09 - 21
compression spring is under axial pressure of the spiral spring, it is used in the data section for more rounded, useful also rectangle and multi-strand steel rolled a travelling, spring is usually pitch, such as the shape of the compression spring are: cylindrical, conical, convex and concave and a small amount of noncircular, compression spring there is a certain gap between circle and circle, when under external load spring contraction deformation, deformation energy storage.The tension spring is a spiral spring that bears the axial tension.When there is no load, the stretch spring is usual...
7
2018 - 10 - 08
The spring should ideally conform to hooke's law, that is, the relationship between stress and strain in the elastic range is linear.However, since the actual spring steel is a polyphase and polycrystalline material, there must be inconsistencies in composition, structure, elasticity, etc., and the stress and strain deviated from the linear relationship within the elastic range, which is called elastic incompleteness or anelastic.The phenomena such as elastic after effect, elastic lag, stress relaxation and elastic modulus decrease are produced.After tempering, the stabilization process can re...
8
2018 - 10 - 18
With the rapid development of technology, spring's figure is everywhere, playing an irreplaceable role in all walks of life.How to use the properties of the spring itself according to local conditions will be today's small talk about the content.Spring measuring functionWe know that, within the elastic limit, the extension (or contraction) of the stretching spring, compression spring, torsion spring, bending spring, spring and spiral spring is proportional to the force.A spring scale is made from the property of a spring.Spring compression functionObserving various electrical switches, it is f...
9
2018 - 11 - 01
Springs are ubiquitous in all kinds of machines—from consumer products to heavy industrial equipment, take apart anything that involves a mechanism, and chances are, you’ll find a spring inside. Springs are storage devices for mechanical energy—think of them as analogous to batteries! The earliest spring-driven clocks appeared in the 1400s. Fast-forward some 600 years, you still have to charge the Apple Watch everyday, and it’s not nearly as fast as winding a clock…but I digress.My personal fascination with springs began with Slinkies and wind-up toys, and countless mechanical pencils were sac...
NEW INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 07 - 28
6.1.10 detection of parallelism between ends of springs: the spring is placed vertically on the plate.The difference between the maximum and minimum values of the surface of the end ring is measured by the dial indicator. The difference between the maximum and minimum values is the parallelism deviation between the ends of the spring.6.1.11 spring straightness detection: put the spring level on the plate and roll one.Zhou, determine its maximum bending position and measure the gap between the maximum bending point and the flat plate with a feeler gauge.The measured gap is the deviation of the ...
2
2018 - 08 - 09
The number of diameter length is described!(1) the diameter of the spring wire d: is the wire diameter of the spring. (2) the maximum outer diameter of the spring outer diameter D: spring. (3) the inner diameter of the spring D1: the smallest outer diameter of the spring.(4) the middle diameter of the spring D2: the average diameter of the spring. Their formula is: D2 = (D + D) = 2 = D 1 + D = D D.(5) apart from the support ring, the distance between the two adjacent circles of the spring corresponding to the axial distance of the point on the middle diameter is t:, and is expressed ...
3
2018 - 08 - 23
Salt fog refers to the dispersion system composed of salt micro droplets in the atmosphere. It is one of the three defense series of artificial environment. Many enterprise products need to simulate the destructive nature of the marine surrounding climate to the products. The salt fog test is a simulation of this phenomenon, so the test equipment, salt fog test box, came into being.Salt fog can be divided into two categories, one is natural environmental exposure test, the other is artificial accelerated salt spray environmental test. The artificial simulated salt fog environment test is a kin...
4
2018 - 09 - 07
In the heat treatment of forgings, the way of placing parts to reduce deformation is to hang them vertically as far as possible, to place them vertically at the bottom of the furnace, to support them horizontally with two points, to place the fulcrum between one-third and one-fourth of the full length, and to place them flat on the heat-resistant steel tooling.In the cooling process of parts, the types, cooling properties and hardenability of quenching medium are related to deformation. The change of cooling performance can be adjusted by changing the viscosity, temperature, liquid pressure, a...
5
2018 - 09 - 19
Spring steel wire will generate residual stress during the process of cold drawing and oil quenching and heat treatment. Moreover, spring wire is formed during the process of manufacturing and shot peening is conducted.High frequency quenching, carburizing, nitrification, etc. are used as surface hardening treatment. As a result of these treatments, residual stress will be generated in the material.The qualitative and quantitative analysis of the residual stress of the material will be an important factor to improve the fatigue properties of the spring.Residual stress of the spring is usually ...
6
2018 - 09 - 29
The spring relief valve is mainly composed of spool, seat, stem, spring and adjusting screw.The relief valve mainly USES spring force to press the spool on the seat.When the boiler pressure exceeds the pressure exerted by the spring on the upper part of the spool, the spool and stem are lifted and steam is discharged.When the boiler pressure is lower than the spring pressure acting on the upper part of the spool, the spool falls on the seat and the boiler stops discharging steam.The spool is a cone with a slight protrusion around the edge of the spool.When the steam opens the valve core, the e...
7
2018 - 10 - 16
A, definitions,Spring steel refers to the steel specially used to make spring elastic elements due to its elasticity in the quenching and tempering states.The elasticity of steel depends on its elastic deformation capacity, that is, within the specified range, the elastic deformation capacity makes it bear a certain load, and no permanent deformation occurs after the load is removed.Spring steel shall have excellent comprehensive performance, such as mechanical properties (especially elastic limit, strength limit and yield ratio), anti-elastic and anti-elastic properties (i.e. anti-elastic and...
8
2018 - 10 - 26
Most widely used, in manufacturing, the spiral wound into a separate ring, so that each ring gap (pitch), so that force contraction, to maintain tension to the two ends.When under the maximum load, it cannot be completely compressed, and the gap must be kept between effective turns to avoid friction or other material embedding, causing fatigue damage.The free length of the spring should be equal to the solid length of the spring plus the gap and the amount of deformation.To increase the contact surface of the compression spring, the surface should be ground to obtain 60~80% contact surface.Its...
9
2019 - 12 - 30
Spring design and its fabrication play an important role in manufacturing and industry around the globe. Springs come in all shapes and sizes to meet industry needs and are made from a wide range of metal alloys. Materials used for spring design and wire forming consist of high strength alloys.In general, wire formed into springs is cold rolled or drawn, and a made of medium to high carbon steel with high yield strength that allows for excellent elastic properties.Mechanical PropertiesThe mechanical principles of springs are very basic. They are an elastic component. Potential mechanical ...
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Spring material selection method

日期: 2018-09-26
浏览次数: 31
Daisy

The selection of spring material shall be determined according to the properties of the spring bearing load, stress state, stress size, working temperature, environmental medium, service life, requirements for conducting and magnetic conductivity, technical performance, material source and price, etc.

When determining the shape and size of the material section, the series sizes specified in the national standards and ministerial standards should be selected first, and non-standard series of materials should be avoided as far as possible.

Medium and small-sized springs, especially spiral-tension springs, should be preferentially used steel wire, cold-drawn steel wire such as strengthened steel wire, lead bath and oil hardened tempered steel wire, which has higher strength and good surface quality, higher fatigue performance than ordinary tempered tempered steel wire, simple processing, good technology and stable quality.

The carbon spring steel wire and the piano steel wire produced large residual stress after cold drawing. After processing the spring, there was large residual stress, and the size changed greatly after tempering, so it was difficult to control the dimensional accuracy.Oil hardened tempered steel wire is modulated and strengthened after steel wire is drawn to the specified size. Basically, there is no residual stress. After forming spring is tempered at low temperature, the size change is very small, and the heat resistance is better than that of cold-drawn reinforced steel wire.

For large and medium sized springs, cold drawn materials or polished steel after cold drawn shall be used for those with higher load accuracy and stress.Hot rolled steel can be used for spring with low loading accuracy and stress.

The steel plate spring is usually made of 55Si2Mn, 60Si2MnA, 55SiMnVB, 55SiMnMoV, 60CrMn, 60CrMnB and other grades of flat steel.

For the material section of spiral spring, circular section should be preferred.Square and rectangular materials have strong bearing capacity, good impact resistance, and can make the spring miniature, but the sources of materials are few.And the price is higher, except special need, do not choose this kind of material as far as possible commonly.In recent years, the circular steel wire is developed to replace the trapezoidal steel wire.

Spring material working under high temperature requires good thermal stability, resistance to relaxation or creep, oxidation resistance and corrosion resistance to certain medium.Spring material selection method

As the working temperature of the spring increases, the elastic modulus of the spring material decreases, resulting in lower stiffness and less load bearing capacity.Therefore, the spring working at high temperature must understand the change rate (value) of the elastic modulus and calculate the impact of the decline of the spring's load capacity on the performance.According to the regulations of the GB1239, ordinary helical spring working temperature above 60 ℃, a modification should be made for the shear modulus, its formula is: Gt = G in the KtG type - room temperature modulus of elasticity;Gt -- shear modulus at operating temperature t;Kt -- temperature correction coefficient is selected according to table 2 -- 98.

The spring material used at low temperature shall have good low temperature toughness.Carbon spring steel wire, piano steel wire and 1Cr18Ni9 austenitic stainless steel spring steel wire, copper alloy and nickel alloy have good low temperature toughness and strength.

At low temperature, the brittleness of the material is very sensitive to surface defects.

At low temperatures, the environmental medium is much less corrosive to the material than in a greenhouse, and cadmium plating and galvanizing can easily cause cold brittleness.

At low temperature, the elastic modulus and expansion coefficient of the material do not change much.

The spring made of spring steel, hardness (that is, strength) should be selected according to the load bearing property and stress.However, the degree of hardness is strongly related to the plane strain fracture toughness.

As the hardness increases, the plane strain fracture toughness (KIC) value decreases significantly.That is to say, when determining the spring's hardness value, the spring's hardness value should be lower on the premise of satisfying the spring's characteristics.

When selecting spring material, pay attention to the hardenability of steel.Whether or not the cross section of the spring material is quenched and the degree of quenching is very important to the spring mass.

Electrical springs that use the spring itself as a conductor or work in conditions of varying humidity, such as water (including seawater) and water vapor, are generally made of copper and gold.

Springs operating under acid contact and other corrosive media generally use corrosion resistant materials such as stainless steel or nickel alloy.The spring used under general environmental conditions is made of ordinary spring steel, which is then coated with rust or plated (galvanized, cadmium plated and copper plated) on the surface to prevent corrosion.

In order to satisfy the requirement that the precision of the spring used in the weighing apparatus and instruments is not affected by the temperature change, the constant elastic alloy with minimum elastic modulus and expansion coefficient is generally selected.

In the requirements of light, insulation, anti - collision, corrosion and other special use of spring, can choose reinforced plastics.At present, the more suitable plastic spring is epoxy resin, phenolic resin as the matrix, glass fiber reinforced thermosetting reinforced plastic GFRP.Also may choose the vibration - proof rubber manufacture each kind of rubber spring.


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2020 . 01 . 13
Constant force spring, or “clock” spring, is a roll of prestressed strip which exerts a nearly constant restraining force to resist uncoiling. The force is constant because the change in the radius of curvature is constant.   Such applications as brush springs for motors, counterbalance springs for window sashes and carriage return springs for typewriters. Constant force motor springs are used to drive mechanisms for timers, movie cameras and cable retractors.Constant force spring also known as coil spring helix in a plane of the spring, Spring is the material wound into a plane of the spiral of a spring, the spring is fixed at one end, the other end of the material after acting torque bending torque, bending elastic deformation, so the spring in its own plane to p...
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A compression spring is an open-coil helical spring that offers resistance to a compressive force applied axially. They are usually coiled at a constant diameter, though they can be coiled in other needed forms such as conical, concave (barrel), convex (hourglass), or various combinations of these. Compression springs are used to resist force and/or store energy,1、CharacteristicsBy far the most widely used type of spring, compression springs are designed to oppose compression and return to its uncompressed length when the applied force is removed. 2、Service LifeIt should be noted that if critical force-versus-deflection linearity is required, only the center 60-80% of the available deflection range should be employed.Thus, reserve at least the first and last 15-20% of t...
2020 . 01 . 06
When choosing the right spring, selecting the best spring wire is a critical before manufacturing. Below are some of the most common spring wire materials and their unique characteristics .Stainless Steel SpringsStainless steel springs have low-stress relaxation and resist corrosion. They have good strength at moderate temperatures and are resistant to heat. Extension springs are most commonly made from stainless steel.Extension springs absorb energy and provide resistance to pulling. As the name suggests, an extension spring stretches as a load is applied to it. Applications for extension springs include carburetors, trampolines and farm machinery.Oil Tempered Spring WireOil tempered wire is cold drawn and heat treated before plating. Ideal as a general purpose spring wire, it is often us...
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springs are a mechanical part that use elasticity to work. Generally made of spring steel. It is widely used in machines and instruments to control the movement of machine parts, mitigate impact or vibration, store and store energy, measure force, etc.The spring is just an accumulator, it has the function of storing energy, but can not release the energy slowly, to achieve the release of this function should rely on the 'spring + large transmission ratio mechanism' to achieve, common in the mechanical table.The spring is widely used in the mechanical and electronic industry. The spring can produce a large elastic deformation under load and convert mechanical work or kinetic energy into deformation energy. After unloading, the spring's deformation disappears and returns to its original stat...
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