HOT INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 09 - 22
1) high strength: in order to improve the spring's ability to resist fatigue failure and relaxation, the spring material should have a high yield strength and elastic limit, and in particular, a high ratio of strength to strength.In general, the elastic limit of the material is directly proportional to the yield strength, so the spring design and the manufacturer always want the material to have a high yield strength.The tensile strength and yield strength of the spring material are close, for example, about 90% of the carbon steel wire of cold drawn is about: since the tensile strength is eas...
2
2018 - 09 - 22
Spring is a kind of elastic element widely used in the mechanical and electronic industries. Spring can produce greater elastic deformation when loaded, and convert mechanical work or kinetic energy into deformation energy. After unloading, the deformation of spring disappears and returns to its original state, and the deformation energy is transformed into mechanical work or kinetic energy.The ratio of load and deformation of the spring is called spring stiffness.  There are many kinds of springs. They are used in various fields. According to the deformation condition, they can be divide...
3
2018 - 09 - 21
compression spring is under axial pressure of the spiral spring, it is used in the data section for more rounded, useful also rectangle and multi-strand steel rolled a travelling, spring is usually pitch, such as the shape of the compression spring are: cylindrical, conical, convex and concave and a small amount of noncircular, compression spring there is a certain gap between circle and circle, when under external load spring contraction deformation, deformation energy storage.The tension spring is a spiral spring that bears the axial tension.When there is no load, the stretch spring is usual...
4
2018 - 09 - 21
Compression springs are frequently seen and used in daily life. The main principle of compression springs is to provide a hand to the machine and drive it to work.The compression spring has a certain damping capacity, because the product's elastic force is not a fixed value, so every time it is used, there will be a return force, and the force is not a fixed size, which to some extent has the ability to slow down the vibration.As an example, now the car is installed above a compression spring, you will find when driving, its speed is greatly improved, and the movement process there is no sound...
5
2018 - 09 - 20
The corrosion of spring can be divided into chemical corrosion and electrochemical corrosion according to the type of reaction.They are the result of changes in the metal atoms on the surface of the spring or the loss of electrons to an ionic state.If the metal on the surface of the spring simply reacts with the surrounding medium, and the spring causes corrosion, it is called chemical corrosion.For example, the spring is oxidized in the particularly dry atmosphere to form an oxidation film, and the spring is chemically changed with the liquid or impurity in the non-electrolyte liquid, which i...
6
2018 - 09 - 20
The purpose of mold spring is to take off material, press material, the strength of the spring, which is related to whether the mold production is smooth, whether the product is qualified.Spring force is small, may cause the product to be out of shape, the mold does not take off the material, the product is bad to take out from the mold inside, the belt material, the knife edge, punch easy to wear and so on each kind of question.Mold spring according to different production times, compression amount selected, the larger the spring life, the shorter die life, of course, the broken spring can be...
7
2018 - 09 - 19
Spring steel wire will generate residual stress during the process of cold drawing and oil quenching and heat treatment. Moreover, spring wire is formed during the process of manufacturing and shot peening is conducted.High frequency quenching, carburizing, nitrification, etc. are used as surface hardening treatment. As a result of these treatments, residual stress will be generated in the material.The qualitative and quantitative analysis of the residual stress of the material will be an important factor to improve the fatigue properties of the spring.Residual stress of the spring is usually ...
8
2018 - 09 - 19
Spring machine is now in the production of spring necessary equipment, due to the abundant of spring and the increase of precision is also more and more high to the requirement of spring machine, the spring machine maintenance is particularly important at ordinary times, and the main factors affecting the service life of spring machine has two, one is the operator of whether scientific and standardized operation, another is reasonable in daily maintenance.After using the spring machine for a period of time, the efficiency of the machine will be significantly reduced, affecting the efficiency o...
9
2018 - 09 - 25
Nowadays, with the development of science and technology, spring has become a very important hardware accessory in our life. Different products use different springs, and the longest used springs can be roughly divided into: pull spring, twist spring, press spring, disc spring and plate spring.The following features of a very practical tension spring:Many different products or hooks are used to guarantee the source of the tension of the tension spring. The tension spring works in the opposite way to the compression spring. The tension spring works in the opposite way when stretching or pulling...
NEW INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 09 - 27
In the actual work, we often encounter that the spring cannot push the moving object to the set position, that is to say, the length of the spring's computational freedom becomes shorter.The main reason is that there is no initial compression, that is, a spring is made into a spring, which is compressed to its compression height or to its compression height (if necessary) with a greater force, and cannot be restored to its original free length upon release.Its shortened quantity is called "initial compression quantity".After repeating 3-6 times of compression, the length is no longer...
2
2018 - 09 - 26
The selection of spring material shall be determined according to the properties of the spring bearing load, stress state, stress size, working temperature, environmental medium, service life, requirements for conducting and magnetic conductivity, technical performance, material source and price, etc.When determining the shape and size of the material section, the series sizes specified in the national standards and ministerial standards should be selected first, and non-standard series of materials should be avoided as far as possible.Medium and small-sized springs, especially spiral-tension ...
3
2018 - 09 - 26
For a long time, the shape and performance of the extension spring will change. If the extension spring is always in a certain situation, it may change its quality due to external conditions.Generally, there are the following situations:I. wear of extension spring :Wear can be divided into abrasive, fatigue and corrosion wear fracture.Ii. Brittle fractureThe majority of spring break belongs to brittle fracture.Plastic fracture is possible only when the working temperature is high.In engineering, fatigue fracture, stress corrosion fracture and hydrogen embrittlement fracture are called brittle ...
4
2018 - 09 - 25
Torsion spring is a mechanical force storage structure, mainly used in ancient crossbow guns and other crossbow.The torsion spring accumulates the force through the twist or rotation of the elastic material with a relatively soft and pliable material, and makes use of it so that the projectile has certain mechanical energy.The modern torsion spring torsion bar is made of excellent elastic steel, and the form is also changed a lot, including the wire on the inner surface of the mechanical watch, the power spring in the toy gyroscope gun, as well as the torsion bar in the tank and car.Small...
5
2018 - 09 - 25
Nowadays, with the development of science and technology, spring has become a very important hardware accessory in our life. Different products use different springs, and the longest used springs can be roughly divided into: pull spring, twist spring, press spring, disc spring and plate spring.The following features of a very practical tension spring:Many different products or hooks are used to guarantee the source of the tension of the tension spring. The tension spring works in the opposite way to the compression spring. The tension spring works in the opposite way when stretching or pulling...
6
2018 - 09 - 22
1) high strength: in order to improve the spring's ability to resist fatigue failure and relaxation, the spring material should have a high yield strength and elastic limit, and in particular, a high ratio of strength to strength.In general, the elastic limit of the material is directly proportional to the yield strength, so the spring design and the manufacturer always want the material to have a high yield strength.The tensile strength and yield strength of the spring material are close, for example, about 90% of the carbon steel wire of cold drawn is about: since the tensile strength is eas...
7
2018 - 09 - 22
Spring is a kind of elastic element widely used in the mechanical and electronic industries. Spring can produce greater elastic deformation when loaded, and convert mechanical work or kinetic energy into deformation energy. After unloading, the deformation of spring disappears and returns to its original state, and the deformation energy is transformed into mechanical work or kinetic energy.The ratio of load and deformation of the spring is called spring stiffness.  There are many kinds of springs. They are used in various fields. According to the deformation condition, they can be divide...
8
2018 - 09 - 27
In order to make it convenient for customers to buy and custom spring, some brief introduction about spring and specification parameters are summarized as follows:The common spring can be classified as: stretching spiral spring, compression spiral spring and torsion spiral spring.Among them, stretch and compression springs are mostly produced in quantity, with complicated specifications but suitable for slight modifications. If a small amount of springs is needed and the characteristics of springs are not critical, they can be purchased easily in the market with a higher unit price.The users o...
9
2018 - 09 - 28
The diameter of wire wound by automatic spring machine is 0.2-3mm, and the adjustment process is as follows:1. Calibrate the feeding roller and winch to fit the diameter of steel wire and install the pitch wedge and cutting knife.2. Insert the steel wire into the spring machine and press the pressure plate and feeding roller.3. Adjust the distance of winding xiao zi, control the diameter of spring, and adjust the pitch wedge and xiao zi Angle to control the spring pitch and parallel head.4. Install an appropriate cutter, adjust the feeding CAM according to the spring expansion length, cut off ...
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Spring material selection method

日期: 2018-09-26
浏览次数: 9
Daisy

The selection of spring material shall be determined according to the properties of the spring bearing load, stress state, stress size, working temperature, environmental medium, service life, requirements for conducting and magnetic conductivity, technical performance, material source and price, etc.

When determining the shape and size of the material section, the series sizes specified in the national standards and ministerial standards should be selected first, and non-standard series of materials should be avoided as far as possible.

Medium and small-sized springs, especially spiral-tension springs, should be preferentially used steel wire, cold-drawn steel wire such as strengthened steel wire, lead bath and oil hardened tempered steel wire, which has higher strength and good surface quality, higher fatigue performance than ordinary tempered tempered steel wire, simple processing, good technology and stable quality.

The carbon spring steel wire and the piano steel wire produced large residual stress after cold drawing. After processing the spring, there was large residual stress, and the size changed greatly after tempering, so it was difficult to control the dimensional accuracy.Oil hardened tempered steel wire is modulated and strengthened after steel wire is drawn to the specified size. Basically, there is no residual stress. After forming spring is tempered at low temperature, the size change is very small, and the heat resistance is better than that of cold-drawn reinforced steel wire.

For large and medium sized springs, cold drawn materials or polished steel after cold drawn shall be used for those with higher load accuracy and stress.Hot rolled steel can be used for spring with low loading accuracy and stress.

The steel plate spring is usually made of 55Si2Mn, 60Si2MnA, 55SiMnVB, 55SiMnMoV, 60CrMn, 60CrMnB and other grades of flat steel.

For the material section of spiral spring, circular section should be preferred.Square and rectangular materials have strong bearing capacity, good impact resistance, and can make the spring miniature, but the sources of materials are few.And the price is higher, except special need, do not choose this kind of material as far as possible commonly.In recent years, the circular steel wire is developed to replace the trapezoidal steel wire.

Spring material working under high temperature requires good thermal stability, resistance to relaxation or creep, oxidation resistance and corrosion resistance to certain medium.Spring material selection method

As the working temperature of the spring increases, the elastic modulus of the spring material decreases, resulting in lower stiffness and less load bearing capacity.Therefore, the spring working at high temperature must understand the change rate (value) of the elastic modulus and calculate the impact of the decline of the spring's load capacity on the performance.According to the regulations of the GB1239, ordinary helical spring working temperature above 60 ℃, a modification should be made for the shear modulus, its formula is: Gt = G in the KtG type - room temperature modulus of elasticity;Gt -- shear modulus at operating temperature t;Kt -- temperature correction coefficient is selected according to table 2 -- 98.

The spring material used at low temperature shall have good low temperature toughness.Carbon spring steel wire, piano steel wire and 1Cr18Ni9 austenitic stainless steel spring steel wire, copper alloy and nickel alloy have good low temperature toughness and strength.

At low temperature, the brittleness of the material is very sensitive to surface defects.

At low temperatures, the environmental medium is much less corrosive to the material than in a greenhouse, and cadmium plating and galvanizing can easily cause cold brittleness.

At low temperature, the elastic modulus and expansion coefficient of the material do not change much.

The spring made of spring steel, hardness (that is, strength) should be selected according to the load bearing property and stress.However, the degree of hardness is strongly related to the plane strain fracture toughness.

As the hardness increases, the plane strain fracture toughness (KIC) value decreases significantly.That is to say, when determining the spring's hardness value, the spring's hardness value should be lower on the premise of satisfying the spring's characteristics.

When selecting spring material, pay attention to the hardenability of steel.Whether or not the cross section of the spring material is quenched and the degree of quenching is very important to the spring mass.

Electrical springs that use the spring itself as a conductor or work in conditions of varying humidity, such as water (including seawater) and water vapor, are generally made of copper and gold.

Springs operating under acid contact and other corrosive media generally use corrosion resistant materials such as stainless steel or nickel alloy.The spring used under general environmental conditions is made of ordinary spring steel, which is then coated with rust or plated (galvanized, cadmium plated and copper plated) on the surface to prevent corrosion.

In order to satisfy the requirement that the precision of the spring used in the weighing apparatus and instruments is not affected by the temperature change, the constant elastic alloy with minimum elastic modulus and expansion coefficient is generally selected.

In the requirements of light, insulation, anti - collision, corrosion and other special use of spring, can choose reinforced plastics.At present, the more suitable plastic spring is epoxy resin, phenolic resin as the matrix, glass fiber reinforced thermosetting reinforced plastic GFRP.Also may choose the vibration - proof rubber manufacture each kind of rubber spring.


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2018 . 11 . 03
Internal combustion engine valve spring, low, medium and high stress valve spring, safety valve spring, pressure reducing valve, electric regulating valve, pneumatic regulating valve, self-support regulating valve, hydraulic control valve, steam trap, gate valve, as per valve, butterfly valve, ball valve, check valve, special valve, hydraulic valve, electromagnetic valve, etc.Relief valve: spring safety valve by using the spring force, spring loaded relief valve is closed and not closed in two kinds of structure, general inflammable, explosive or toxic medium should choose enclosed, steam or inert gases can choose not enclosed, in spring safety valve with a wrench and without a wrench, wrench mainly is to check the effect of the flexibility of the disc, sometimes also can be used as a manu...
2018 . 11 . 03
In the transmission mechanism of the press, when the clutch and the brake adopt mechanical rigid interlock, as long as the air is set on the clutch.The cylinder, the air pressure ACTS on the piston of the cylinder to make the clutch friction pair fit, and to make the air pressure of the spring brake brake friction pair separate and not brake, so when the air cylinder enters, the brake friction pair should be separated first, and then the clutch friction pair fits to complete the combination.The friction pair separation of the clutch and the friction pair fitting of the brake are respectively achieved by the clutch reset spring and the brake spring. Therefore, when the cylinder is vented, the brake spring and the reset spring separate the clutch friction pair and then make the brake fr...
2018 . 11 . 02
Zinc electroplating: zinc is stable in dry air and changes little. A white film of zinc oxide or carbon zinc carbonate is formed in moist air. This dense film will prevent further corrosion. Therefore, the galvanizing layer is used for the spring corrosion protection under general atmospheric conditions. Zinc coating should not be used for all springs that are in contact with solutions such as sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid and caustic soda, as well as springs that work in humid air such as sulfur trioxide.Generally, passivation of galvanized coating can improve the protective performance of coating and increase the appearance of coating.· cadmium electroplating: in the atmosphere of sea or high temperature, and the spring in contact with sea water, and in the spring in 70 pens of h...
2018 . 11 . 02
Cylindrical spiral spring structureThere are three types of cylindrical spiral spring:1. Cylindrical spiral compression spring1) spacing between springsLet the spring's pitch be p;The diameter of the spring wire is d;In the free state, there should be proper spacing between the circles.In order to make the spring still maintain a certain elasticity after compression, it is also necessary to ensure that there is a certain gap of 1 between each circle under the maximum load.The size of lens 1 is generally recommended to be: in addition 1=0.1d or greater than 0.2mm2) dead circleThe two ends of the spring are closed with the adjacent ring (no gap), which only supports the spring without deformation.When the number of working rings of the spring is less than or equal to 7, the dead ring at each...
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