HOT INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 07 - 24
Wire forming spring is a mechanical part that uses elasticity to work. It is usually made of spring steel. It is used to control the movement of machine parts, to mitigate impact or vibration, to store energy and to measure the magnitude of force. It is widely used in machines and instruments.The spring is just an accumulator. It has the function of storing energy, but it can not release the energy slowly. To realize the function of releasing slowly, it should be realized by "Spring + large transmission ratio mechanism", which is common in the mechanical meter.Spring is a kind of ela...
2
2018 - 08 - 06
Springs are ubiquitous in all kinds of machines—from consumer products to heavy industrial equipment, take apart anything that involves a mechanism, and chances are, you’ll find a spring inside. Springs are storage devices for mechanical energy—think of them as analogous to batteries! The earliest spring-driven clocks appeared in the 1400s. Fast-forward some 600 years, you still have to charge the Apple Watch everyday, and it’s not nearly as fast as winding a clock…but I digress.My personal fascination with springs began with Slinkies and wind-up toys, and countless mechanical pencils were sac...
3
2018 - 08 - 17
Detection of the characteristics of 7.2 torsion springsWhen measuring torque, the size of the torsional spring axis must be suitable. The inner diameter of the spring should be kept to a certain gap, and the friction force and friction torque caused by the contraction of the inner diameter of the spring should be avoided, and the measurement accuracy should be affected. But the spindle can not be too small, otherwise it will cause the offset between the external torque and the measuring torque center, resulting in the error of the torque measurement. The specific testing program for torsion sp...
4
2018 - 08 - 31
1. Shape effect is mainly caused by design factors, such as small fillet R, inappropriate location of acupoints, poor cross-sectional transition. 2. Overheating (overheating) is mainly caused by improper temperature control or running temperature, excessive process setting temperature, uneven furnace temperature and other factors. Preventive measures include overhaul, calibration of temperature control system, correction of process temperature, the addition of pad iron between the workpiece and furnace floor, etc.3. Decarbonization is mainly caused by overheating (or overburning), unprote...
5
2018 - 09 - 14
Manufacturers of heat treatment furnaces are adopting new features designed to improve the overall temperature distribution of their equipment: with improved ambient flow patterns, carefully designed energy and dynamic densities have brought very useful working capabilities.Process consistency is a major issue for aerospace (typically, Nadcap and AMS2750 U.S. army standards) and automotive (TS16949 test equipment) customers, and compatibility with more acceptable standards is building confidence between heat treatment equipment manufacturers and customers.This is especially true when the heat ...
6
2018 - 09 - 26
For a long time, the shape and performance of the extension spring will change. If the extension spring is always in a certain situation, it may change its quality due to external conditions.Generally, there are the following situations:I. wear of extension spring :Wear can be divided into abrasive, fatigue and corrosion wear fracture.Ii. Brittle fractureThe majority of spring break belongs to brittle fracture.Plastic fracture is possible only when the working temperature is high.In engineering, fatigue fracture, stress corrosion fracture and hydrogen embrittlement fracture are called brittle ...
7
2018 - 10 - 11
Manufacturers of heat treatment furnaces are adopting new features designed to improve the overall temperature distribution of their equipment: with improved ambient flow patterns, carefully designed energy and dynamic densities have brought very useful working capabilities.Process consistency is a major issue for aerospace (typically, Nadcap and AMS2750 U.S. army standards) and automotive (TS16949 test equipment) customers, and compatibility with more acceptable standards is building confidence between heat treatment equipment manufacturers and customers.This is especially true when the heat ...
8
2018 - 10 - 22
Osmosis detection will be the basic principle of the spring of dip coating (penetrant) some penetration ability of the solution, the infiltration of surface defects, and then to remove excess penetrant, appeared in the surface layer of the tu yi agent again, at this point defects remaining in the penetrant sucked out, under the purple pay-off (fluorescence) observation or direct observation, can be found that the existence of defects.Osmotic detection can be used for the detection of ferromagnetic springs as well as non-ferromagnetic materials such as copper alloy and austenitic stainless stee...
9
2018 - 12 - 03
Today, the development of science and technology, spring has been a very important hardware accessories in our life, different products use the spring is not the same, the longest used spring can be roughly divided into: tension spring, torsion spring, compression spring, spiral spring, flat spring.The following is a very practical tension spring characteristics of the application:Many different products or hooks are used to ensure that the tension spring tension source, tension spring and compression spring work in the opposite way, tension spring is in the extension or pull out of the revers...
NEW INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 04 - 18
To grow the business, we need to develop management expertise and innovation across the team.Thia is the picture of AFR team development activity in one of the shenzhen beach, From the faceof young team,  we can see the confidence and what they want to achieve!
2
2018 - 08 - 02
M- mass of the object acting on the spring (kg)Ms- spring mass (kg)  N- variable load cycle number  N- spring working circle  Nz- spring support ring number  N1- total number of turns of the spring  P'- Spring single ring stiffness (N/mm)  R- The middle radius of the coil (mm)  R1- inner radius of the coil (mm)  R2- outer radius of the coil (mm)  R- damping coefficient  S- safety factor  T-torque; torque (Nmm)  T'- torsional stiffness (N-mm /(0))T- spring momentTc- cable p...
3
2018 - 08 - 16
6.1.10 detection of parallelism between ends of springs: the spring is placed vertically on the plate.The difference between the maximum and minimum values of the surface of the end ring is measured by the dial indicator. The difference between the maximum and minimum values is the parallelism deviation between the ends of the spring.6.1.11 spring straightness detection: put the spring level on the plate and roll one.Zhou, determine its maximum bending position and measure the gap between the maximum bending point and the flat plate with a feeler gauge.The measured gap is the deviation of the ...
4
2018 - 08 - 31
Spring drawings should be audited as follows: geometric parameters audit; physical parameters audit; technical conditions audit.(1) geometric parameters include material size, spring diameter, spring coil number, free height, spring rotation and so on.(2) physical parameters include load, stiffness, theoretical value of deformation, tolerance and so on.(3) Technical conditions include geometric tolerance, heat treatment process requirements, surface treatment, elastic compression treatment and shot peening treatment.
5
2018 - 09 - 13
The surface of steel is hardenedIn some parts, the surface layer of the workpiece bears higher stress than the core under the action of alternating loads such as torsion and bending and impact loads.In the case of friction, the surface layer is also constantly worn. Therefore, high strength, high hardness, high wear resistance and high fatigue limit are put forward for some surface layer of parts. Only surface strengthening can meet the above requirements.Because surface quenching has the advantages of small deformation and high productivity, it is widely used in production.According to differ...
6
2018 - 09 - 25
Torsion spring is a mechanical force storage structure, mainly used in ancient crossbow guns and other crossbow.The torsion spring accumulates the force through the twist or rotation of the elastic material with a relatively soft and pliable material, and makes use of it so that the projectile has certain mechanical energy.The modern torsion spring torsion bar is made of excellent elastic steel, and the form is also changed a lot, including the wire on the inner surface of the mechanical watch, the power spring in the toy gyroscope gun, as well as the torsion bar in the tank and car.Small...
7
2018 - 10 - 10
In recent years, the surface of the spring has been treated by the spring designers.The finishing (finishing) process is to put the spring directly into a series of finishing machines, such as tilting centrifugal type or spiral vibrating type, eddy current type, and add appropriate grinding materials, grinding agents and water for finishing.General optical finishing is about 20 to 30min. Specific optical finishing time depends on the spring shape and the amount of device.After finishing the finish, remove the spring and rinse it with tap water, then immerse in the SM series water film replacem...
8
2018 - 10 - 20
1) the selection basis of environmental factors in the use state of spring products: corrosion resistance, acid corrosion resistance, alkali corrosion resistance, salt corrosion resistance, water corrosion resistance, etc.Weather resistance;Resistance to stress and corrosion, fatigue and corrosion, etc.Wear resistance;Temperature resistance, etc.Radiation resistance, etc.2) selection basis of load characteristics of spring products: dynamic pulse-type cycle load, variable load, impact load, corrosion fatigue load, static load, large load and fatigue load, etc.3) selection basis of mechanical p...
9
2018 - 11 - 03
In the transmission mechanism of the press, when the clutch and the brake adopt mechanical rigid interlock, as long as the air is set on the clutch.The cylinder, the air pressure ACTS on the piston of the cylinder to make the clutch friction pair fit, and to make the air pressure of the spring brake brake friction pair separate and not brake, so when the air cylinder enters, the brake friction pair should be separated first, and then the clutch friction pair fits to complete the combination.The friction pair separation of the clutch and the friction pair fitting of the brake are respectively a...
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The development course of spring material (Part 3)

日期: 2018-07-24
浏览次数: 26
nelson

(5) the development of spring steel wire

After more than 100 years of development, the technology of spring steel has experienced lead hardened to oil quenching, and now it develops to induction hardening. Coupled with the continuous innovation and improvement of technology and equipment, the quality of varieties is constantly updated. The newly developed valves have been developed by induction heating and tempering with spring steel wire. It has been proved that the plastic, toughness, relaxation, fracture toughness, delayed fracture resistance, fatigue life and so on are all compared with oil quenched and tempered steel because of the short induction heating time, small quenching microstructure and almost no decarburization layer on the surface of steel wire. The silk has a great improvement.

Another kind of superfine grain deformation heat treated steel wire has been applied in the field, and the superfine grain deformation heat treatment is a composite strengthening and toughening process combined with the combination of microstructure superfine and deformation heat treatment. It can not only improve the mechanical properties of steel wire, but also improve the surface quality of steel wire. The surface quality of the material has a great influence on the fatigue performance. In order to ensure the surface quality, the skinning process is applied to the materials with special requirements, and the surface layer is removed by 0.1mm. Eddy current testing is used for the defect of 0.5mm depth. The surface roughness of the wire drawing process can be reduced by electrolytic grinding to = (6.5~3.4) m.

(6) the development of stainless steel wire

In recent years, the production of stainless steel spring wire abroad has developed rapidly. The main varieties of domestic demand are 1Cr18Ni9 and 0Cr17Ni7AI.

The characteristics of advanced steel wire production process are that the wire strip is first peeled to remove the defects caused by hot processing on the surface. Except for the first solution treatment, the whole cold process will keep the bright surface.

With the development of the technology, the production process of non embroidered steel wire is further simplified, and the quality control of part of the metal products industry is simplified and converted to the requirement for the quality of the wire rod. After the wire drawing machine, clean the ball and wipe with water, remove the surface coating and residual lubricating film. Electrolysis acid washing, alkali neutralization, water washing and drying devices are installed before the heat treatment. The surface oil quality of the steel wire is thoroughly removed and the surface quality is improved.

(7) development of shape memory alloy

At present, there is a promising unidirectional shape memory alloy in spring, with the best performance of 50Ti and 50Ni. The spring made of shape memory alloy is telescopic under the action of temperature. It is mainly used in constant temperature, constant load and constant deformation control system. Because the spring is telescopic to actuate the actuating mechanism, the working stress of the spring varies greatly.

(8) the application of ceramics

The ceramic has high modulus of elasticity and low fracture strength, which is suitable for places where deformation is not large. Currently, heat-resistant, wear resistant, and insulating ceramics are being developed. Superplastic zinc alloys (SPZ) are used and have high strength at room temperature. In addition, high strength silicon nitride can withstand high temperatures up to 1000 degrees Celsius. But ceramic springs are not suitable for working under impact load.

(9) the application of fiber reinforced plastic in spring

Glass fiber reinforced plastic (GFRP) leaf spring has been widely used in Britain, the United States and Japan. In addition to the suspension suspension, it can also be used for special light vehicles, such as the longitudinal suspension of the car. A carbon fiber reinforced plastic (GFRP) suspension spring has been developed, which is 20% lighter than the metal leaf spring.


Relevant recommendations
2020 . 01 . 13
Constant force spring, or “clock” spring, is a roll of prestressed strip which exerts a nearly constant restraining force to resist uncoiling. The force is constant because the change in the radius of curvature is constant.   Such applications as brush springs for motors, counterbalance springs for window sashes and carriage return springs for typewriters. Constant force motor springs are used to drive mechanisms for timers, movie cameras and cable retractors.Constant force spring also known as coil spring helix in a plane of the spring, Spring is the material wound into a plane of the spiral of a spring, the spring is fixed at one end, the other end of the material after acting torque bending torque, bending elastic deformation, so the spring in its own plane to p...
2020 . 01 . 13
A compression spring is an open-coil helical spring that offers resistance to a compressive force applied axially. They are usually coiled at a constant diameter, though they can be coiled in other needed forms such as conical, concave (barrel), convex (hourglass), or various combinations of these. Compression springs are used to resist force and/or store energy,1、CharacteristicsBy far the most widely used type of spring, compression springs are designed to oppose compression and return to its uncompressed length when the applied force is removed. 2、Service LifeIt should be noted that if critical force-versus-deflection linearity is required, only the center 60-80% of the available deflection range should be employed.Thus, reserve at least the first and last 15-20% of t...
2020 . 01 . 06
When choosing the right spring, selecting the best spring wire is a critical before manufacturing. Below are some of the most common spring wire materials and their unique characteristics .Stainless Steel SpringsStainless steel springs have low-stress relaxation and resist corrosion. They have good strength at moderate temperatures and are resistant to heat. Extension springs are most commonly made from stainless steel.Extension springs absorb energy and provide resistance to pulling. As the name suggests, an extension spring stretches as a load is applied to it. Applications for extension springs include carburetors, trampolines and farm machinery.Oil Tempered Spring WireOil tempered wire is cold drawn and heat treated before plating. Ideal as a general purpose spring wire, it is often us...
2020 . 01 . 06
springs are a mechanical part that use elasticity to work. Generally made of spring steel. It is widely used in machines and instruments to control the movement of machine parts, mitigate impact or vibration, store and store energy, measure force, etc.The spring is just an accumulator, it has the function of storing energy, but can not release the energy slowly, to achieve the release of this function should rely on the 'spring + large transmission ratio mechanism' to achieve, common in the mechanical table.The spring is widely used in the mechanical and electronic industry. The spring can produce a large elastic deformation under load and convert mechanical work or kinetic energy into deformation energy. After unloading, the spring's deformation disappears and returns to its o...
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