HOT INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 07 - 23
(4) the development of stainless steelChina is a big country in the production of stainless steel. With the production and development of stainless steel, many varieties have been developed naturally. At present, more than 50 kinds of stainless steel have been developed, which basically meet the needs of domestic production and development, and a brief description of some new varieties developed at present.1) the initial formation of austenitic stainless steel system. Low carbon austenitic stainless steel 0Cr18Ni9 and 00Cr17Ni2Mo2 have been developed to eliminate fatigue corrosion caused by ca...
2
2018 - 08 - 02
M- mass of the object acting on the spring (kg)Ms- spring mass (kg)  N- variable load cycle number  N- spring working circle  Nz- spring support ring number  N1- total number of turns of the spring  P'- Spring single ring stiffness (N/mm)  R- The middle radius of the coil (mm)  R1- inner radius of the coil (mm)  R2- outer radius of the coil (mm)  R- damping coefficient  S- safety factor  T-torque; torque (Nmm)  T'- torsional stiffness (N-mm /(0))T- spring momentTc- cable pitch (mm...
3
2018 - 08 - 16
6.1.10 detection of parallelism between ends of springs: the spring is placed vertically on the plate.The difference between the maximum and minimum values of the surface of the end ring is measured by the dial indicator. The difference between the maximum and minimum values is the parallelism deviation between the ends of the spring.6.1.11 spring straightness detection: put the spring level on the plate and roll one.Zhou, determine its maximum bending position and measure the gap between the maximum bending point and the flat plate with a feeler gauge.The measured gap is the deviation of the ...
4
2018 - 08 - 30
The spring pressure test of metal springs usually uses electronic digital spring tension and compression testing machine. Electronic digital spring tension and compression testing machine is a special instrument for testing the deformation and load relationship characteristics of tension and compression springs. It is suitable for testing the working load of the tension and compression spring under a certain working length, and also for testing the elastic load of elastic devices such as rubber and spring.The pressure test of metal springs is generally divided into the following steps:1. Compr...
5
2018 - 09 - 12
There are many methods of construction of paint, most of which are used for springs in the following ways:(1) dip coating method dip coating method is to dip the spring into the paint groove, and then take out, and let the excess paint on the surface drip naturally. After drying, it is covered with paint film on the surface of the spring.The dip-coating method has high production efficiency and can be applied to mechanization and automation production.But the paint volatilizes quickly, the paint that contains heavy quality pigment and two component paint material (amine solidify epoxy paint, p...
6
2018 - 09 - 25
Nowadays, with the development of science and technology, spring has become a very important hardware accessory in our life. Different products use different springs, and the longest used springs can be roughly divided into: pull spring, twist spring, press spring, disc spring and plate spring.The following features of a very practical tension spring:Many different products or hooks are used to guarantee the source of the tension of the tension spring. The tension spring works in the opposite way to the compression spring. The tension spring works in the opposite way when stretching or pulling...
7
2018 - 10 - 10
Spring steel wire will generate residual stress during the process of cold drawing and oil quenching and heat treatment. Moreover, spring wire is formed during the process of manufacturing and shot peening is conducted.High frequency quenching, carburizing, nitrification, etc. are used as surface hardening treatment. As a result of these treatments, residual stress will be generated in the material.The qualitative and quantitative analysis of the residual stress of the material will be an important factor to improve the fatigue properties of the spring.Residual stress of the spring is usually ...
8
2018 - 10 - 20
After the end face grinding, if the free height, perpendicularity, pitch and outside diameter of the spring do not meet the deviation specified in the pattern, the screw compression spring often needs to be corrected.Calibration operations are generally manual or semi-manual.The commonly used tools are: the spring with the metal wire above 4mm, multi-purpose manual pressure machine, splitting machine, press and so on;For springs with wire under 4mm, special tools, pliers and hammers with wedge edge are often used.Calibration is to use these tools to make the spring locally plastic deformation ...
9
2018 - 11 - 03
In the transmission mechanism of the press, when the clutch and the brake adopt mechanical rigid interlock, as long as the air is set on the clutch.The cylinder, the air pressure ACTS on the piston of the cylinder to make the clutch friction pair fit, and to make the air pressure of the spring brake brake friction pair separate and not brake, so when the air cylinder enters, the brake friction pair should be separated first, and then the clutch friction pair fits to complete the combination.The friction pair separation of the clutch and the friction pair fitting of the brake are respectively a...
NEW INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 04 - 18
To develope the new customer and enhance the exist business relationship, we’ll be exhibiting at the 22th MechaniceComponents&Material Technology Expo(M-Tech) in Tokyo Japan from JUNE 20-23.  Your visiting at that timeIs highly welcomed!
2
2018 - 08 - 02
Fr- spring radial load (N)  Radial stiffness of the F'r-spring (N/mm)  Fs- spring test load (N)  F- Spring deformation (mm)  Fj- deformation under working limit load Fj (mm)  Fr- spring static deformation (mm)  Fs- The amount of deformation of the spring under the test load Fs (mm); the amount of linear static deformation (mm)  Fo- tension spring corresponds to the assumed deformation amount (mm) of the tensile force Fo; the central deformation amount of the diaphragm (mm)  G-material shear modulus (MPa)  ...
3
2018 - 08 - 15
Detection of geometric size of 6.1 compression springs6.1.1 spring material diameter detection: check the spring material diameter generally with vernier caliper or micrometer. In particular, attention should be paid to the inspection of springs with small winding wires and annealed alloy wires wrapped by automatic spring coiling machines.6.1.2 spring free height or free length detection: the spring is generally placed in horizontal position measurement. It is allowed to be placed in erect position only when the self weight has no obvious effect on the height or length of the spring when it is...
4
2018 - 08 - 30
The spring pressure test of metal springs usually uses electronic digital spring tension and compression testing machine. Electronic digital spring tension and compression testing machine is a special instrument for testing the deformation and load relationship characteristics of tension and compression springs. It is suitable for testing the working load of the tension and compression spring under a certain working length, and also for testing the elastic load of elastic devices such as rubber and spring.The pressure test of metal springs is generally divided into the following steps:1. Compr...
5
2018 - 09 - 12
There are many methods of construction of paint, most of which are used for springs in the following ways:(1) dip coating method dip coating method is to dip the spring into the paint groove, and then take out, and let the excess paint on the surface drip naturally. After drying, it is covered with paint film on the surface of the spring.The dip-coating method has high production efficiency and can be applied to mechanization and automation production.But the paint volatilizes quickly, the paint that contains heavy quality pigment and two component paint material (amine solidify epoxy paint, p...
6
2018 - 09 - 25
Nowadays, with the development of science and technology, spring has become a very important hardware accessory in our life. Different products use different springs, and the longest used springs can be roughly divided into: pull spring, twist spring, press spring, disc spring and plate spring.The following features of a very practical tension spring:Many different products or hooks are used to guarantee the source of the tension of the tension spring. The tension spring works in the opposite way to the compression spring. The tension spring works in the opposite way when stretching or pulling...
7
2018 - 10 - 10
Spring steel wire will generate residual stress during the process of cold drawing and oil quenching and heat treatment. Moreover, spring wire is formed during the process of manufacturing and shot peening is conducted.High frequency quenching, carburizing, nitrification, etc. are used as surface hardening treatment. As a result of these treatments, residual stress will be generated in the material.The qualitative and quantitative analysis of the residual stress of the material will be an important factor to improve the fatigue properties of the spring.Residual stress of the spring is usually ...
8
2018 - 10 - 20
After the end face grinding, if the free height, perpendicularity, pitch and outside diameter of the spring do not meet the deviation specified in the pattern, the screw compression spring often needs to be corrected.Calibration operations are generally manual or semi-manual.The commonly used tools are: the spring with the metal wire above 4mm, multi-purpose manual pressure machine, splitting machine, press and so on;For springs with wire under 4mm, special tools, pliers and hammers with wedge edge are often used.Calibration is to use these tools to make the spring locally plastic deformation ...
9
2018 - 11 - 02
Zinc electroplating: zinc is stable in dry air and changes little. A white film of zinc oxide or carbon zinc carbonate is formed in moist air. This dense film will prevent further corrosion. Therefore, the galvanizing layer is used for the spring corrosion protection under general atmospheric conditions. Zinc coating should not be used for all springs that are in contact with solutions such as sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid and caustic soda, as well as springs that work in humid air such as sulfur trioxide.Generally, passivation of galvanized coating can improve the protective performance of...
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Material and characteristics of spring

日期: 2018-07-20
浏览次数: 29
Nelson

The spring is often subjected to variable load or impact load. In order to ensure that the spring can work permanently and reliably, the material must have high elastic limit and fatigue limit. At the same time, it should have enough toughness and plasticity and good heat treatment.

Spring materials and properties can be consulted in relevant manuals, specifications and standards (GB/T129.6-92, GB4357-89). The common spring steel is mainly:

1: carbon spring steel

This kind of spring (such as 65, 70 steel, etc.) has the advantages of cheap price, convenient source of raw materials, low elastic limit, easy to lose elasticity after repeated deformation, and can not work at 130 degrees.

2: low manganese spring steel

Compared with carbon spring steel, the spring steel, such as 65Mn, has the advantage of high hardenability and high strength. The disadvantage is that cracks and thermal embrittlement are easy to occur after quenching. However, because of the low price, the general machinery is often used to manufacture spring without size, such as clutch springs.

3: silicon manganese spring steel

Because of the addition of silicon in this steel (for example, 60Si2Mn), the elastic limit can be significantly increased and the tempering stability is improved so that the tempering can be tempered at a higher temperature so as to get good mechanical properties. Silicon manganese spring steel has been widely used in industry. It is commonly used to manufacture automobiles, tractors, helical springs, etc.

4: chromium vanadium steel

The purpose of adding vanadium in such steel (for example, 50CrVA) is to refine the structure and improve the strength and toughness of the steel. This material has good fatigue and impact resistance, and can work reliably at a temperature of -40 degrees - 210 degrees, but the price is more expensive. It is often used for higher requirements, such as spring used in manufacturing aeroengine governing system.

In addition, some materials, such as stainless steel and bronze, have the characteristics of corrosion resistance, and the bronze is also magnetic and conductive, so it is often used in the manufacture of chemical equipment or the spring in the corrosive medium. The disadvantage is that it is not easy to heat treatment and has poor mechanical properties, so it is seldom used in general machinery.

When selecting materials, the use of the spring, the importance, the use conditions (including the properties of the load, the size and circulation, the duration of the work, the working temperature and the surrounding medium), the processing, heat treatment and economic factors should be taken into account. At the same time, we should refer to the spring used in the existing equipment, and choose materials that are more suitable for use.


Relevant recommendations
2020 . 01 . 13
Constant force spring, or “clock” spring, is a roll of prestressed strip which exerts a nearly constant restraining force to resist uncoiling. The force is constant because the change in the radius of curvature is constant.   Such applications as brush springs for motors, counterbalance springs for window sashes and carriage return springs for typewriters. Constant force motor springs are used to drive mechanisms for timers, movie cameras and cable retractors.Constant force spring also known as coil spring helix in a plane of the spring, Spring is the material wound into a plane of the spiral of a spring, the spring is fixed at one end, the other end of the material after acting torque bending torque, bending elastic deformation, so the spring in its own plane to p...
2020 . 01 . 13
A compression spring is an open-coil helical spring that offers resistance to a compressive force applied axially. They are usually coiled at a constant diameter, though they can be coiled in other needed forms such as conical, concave (barrel), convex (hourglass), or various combinations of these. Compression springs are used to resist force and/or store energy,1、CharacteristicsBy far the most widely used type of spring, compression springs are designed to oppose compression and return to its uncompressed length when the applied force is removed. 2、Service LifeIt should be noted that if critical force-versus-deflection linearity is required, only the center 60-80% of the available deflection range should be employed.Thus, reserve at least the first and last 15-20% of t...
2020 . 01 . 06
When choosing the right spring, selecting the best spring wire is a critical before manufacturing. Below are some of the most common spring wire materials and their unique characteristics .Stainless Steel SpringsStainless steel springs have low-stress relaxation and resist corrosion. They have good strength at moderate temperatures and are resistant to heat. Extension springs are most commonly made from stainless steel.Extension springs absorb energy and provide resistance to pulling. As the name suggests, an extension spring stretches as a load is applied to it. Applications for extension springs include carburetors, trampolines and farm machinery.Oil Tempered Spring WireOil tempered wire is cold drawn and heat treated before plating. Ideal as a general purpose spring wire, it is often us...
2020 . 01 . 06
springs are a mechanical part that use elasticity to work. Generally made of spring steel. It is widely used in machines and instruments to control the movement of machine parts, mitigate impact or vibration, store and store energy, measure force, etc.The spring is just an accumulator, it has the function of storing energy, but can not release the energy slowly, to achieve the release of this function should rely on the 'spring + large transmission ratio mechanism' to achieve, common in the mechanical table.The spring is widely used in the mechanical and electronic industry. The spring can produce a large elastic deformation under load and convert mechanical work or kinetic energy into deformation energy. After unloading, the spring's deformation disappears and returns to its original stat...
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