HOT INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 07 - 25
1, matching springs and springs based on automobiles, motorcycles, diesel engines and gasoline engines. This type of spring has valve spring, suspension spring, damping spring and clutch spring, etc., with a large amount, which accounts for about 50% of the spring production. At the same time, the technical level is also high, it can be said that the technical level of these springs is representative, they are mainly to the high fatigue life and high anti relaxation direction, thus reducing the quality. 2. Large springs and plate springs, which mainly include railway rolling stock, heavy ...
2
2018 - 08 - 06
We can look at the relationship between the force applied to a spring and its resulting displacement. Again, there are three classes of springs: linear (or constant rate) springs, variable rate springs, and constant force springs. Linear springs Linear springs obey Hooke’s Law (F=k*x), which means that the force needed to extend or compress such a spring by distance x is proportional to the distance, as long as the force doesn’t exceed the elastic limit of the spring. Torsion springs obey an analogous version of Hooke’s Law (F=k*θ, where θ is an angle). In both cases, k is the spring rate, and...
3
2018 - 08 - 17
8, detection of fatigue property and relaxation rate of spring8.1 spring fatigue performance testing requirements: the spring that bears the variable load is in the internal quality of the enterprise.Quantity control, user inspection, new product certification, certification, industry sampling and process adjustment.In the ring section, the fatigue performance must be tested. The testing method can be tested by fatigue life testThere are two kinds of certificate test or reliability evaluation test, but they are classified and certified for products.Reliability evaluation test must be adopted t...
4
2018 - 09 - 03
The spring pressure test of metal springs usually uses electronic digital spring tension and compression testing machine. Electronic digital spring tension and compression testing machine is a special instrument for testing the deformation and load relationship characteristics of tension and compression springs. It is suitable for testing the working load of the tension and compression spring under a certain working length, and also for testing the elastic load of elastic devices such as rubber and spring.The pressure test of metal springs is generally divided into the following steps:1. Compr...
5
2018 - 09 - 14
55SiCr is the high-grade steel used for automobile suspension springs. The suspension springs bear the reciprocating compression motion in the process of automobile driving, and play the role of buffer and shock absorption, which has high requirements on the performance of steel.Decarburization is one of the main problems in the hot processing of spring steel. Decarburization of spring steel surface will seriously damage the fatigue performance of spring, especially when the total decarburization of ferrite occurs on spring steel surface, the fatigue limit of spring can be reduced by 50%.At pr...
6
2018 - 09 - 26
The selection of spring material shall be determined according to the properties of the spring bearing load, stress state, stress size, working temperature, environmental medium, service life, requirements for conducting and magnetic conductivity, technical performance, material source and price, etc.When determining the shape and size of the material section, the series sizes specified in the national standards and ministerial standards should be selected first, and non-standard series of materials should be avoided as far as possible.Medium and small-sized springs, especially spiral-tension ...
7
2018 - 10 - 11
Type of paint used on spring surfacesThe oxidation treatment of the spring (also known as bluish, blackened, cooked black, etc.) is mainly used to prevent the corrosion of the spring, and also to make the spring appearance bright.Oxidation treatment methods include: alkaline oxidation, alkali free oxidation and electrolytic oxidation.Spring oxidation treatment is often alkaline oxidation treatment, in the presence of oxidants (such as sodium nitrite) in caustic sodium solution.As the solution approaches the boiling point, the iron on the surface of the spring dissolves and forms sodium ferrite...
8
2018 - 10 - 22
The corrosion of spring can be divided into chemical corrosion and electrochemical corrosion according to the type of reaction.They are the result of changes in the metal atoms on the surface of the spring or the loss of electrons to an ionic state.If the metal on the surface of the spring simply reacts with the surrounding medium, and the spring causes corrosion, it is called chemical corrosion.For example, the spring is oxidized in the particularly dry atmosphere to form an oxidation film, and the spring is chemically changed with the liquid or impurity in the non-electrolyte liquid, which i...
9
2019 - 12 - 11
A compression spring comes in many configurations, shapes and sizes. They are conical, hourglass and barrel of varying lengths—and can be used as a shock absorber, vibration damper, a pure energy accumulator, or force generator. Because of their versatility, how efficiently they store energy and the multiple shapes in which they can be manufactured, these types of mechanical springs have a wide selection of applications.In the automotive industry, compression springs are used throughout the vehicle. In the medical applications , compression springs are used as parts in assemblin...
NEW INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 08 - 01
Core tips: elastic formula: F=kx, F for elastic, K for the stiffness coefficient, X for the length of the spring length, such as the length of the spring for example, to test a spring of 5N: 5N pull the stiffness coefficient of 100N/m spring, the spring is elongated 5cmF= KX, K is the stiffness coefficient (unit is Newton per meter), X is the spring elongation (unit is rice), this law is called Hooke's law.Elastic formula:F=kx, F is elastic, K is stiffness coefficient, X is spring stretch length.For example, to test a 5N spring:When a spring with a stiffness coefficient of 100N/m is pulled...
2
2018 - 08 - 14
(5) the development of spring steel wireAfter more than 100 years of development, the technology of spring steel has experienced lead hardened to oil quenching, and now it develops to induction hardening. Coupled with the continuous innovation and improvement of technology and equipment, the quality of varieties is constantly updated. The newly developed valves have been developed by induction heating and tempering with spring steel wire. It has been proved that the plastic, toughness, relaxation, fracture toughness, delayed fracture resistance, fatigue life and so on are all compared with oil...
3
2018 - 08 - 28
The technological process of helical springs refers to the process of converting spring materials into finished springs, which flow through every process in sequence. Because of the spring material, the spring type and the processing method are different, the technological procedures of the spiral spring are also different. However, their basic technological processes are coil spring heat treatment end processing surface treatment.Next, introduce several typical processes.1. manufacturing compressed spiral spring with cold drawn spring steel wireFor the lathe coil spring, after the winding spr...
4
2018 - 09 - 11
Vibration damping spring is a common elastic component, which is widely used in various vibration equipment and automobile manufacturing industries. It has the advantages of good stability, low noise, good isolation effect and long service life.Compression springs, rubber springs, composite springs, air bag springs are vibration - reducing springs.Vibration damping spring can be divided into: wire compression spring, rubber spring, compound spring, rubber air spring, etc.Steel wire compression spring is a spiral spring under pressure, it USES the material section is mostly circular, also USES ...
5
2018 - 09 - 22
Spring is a kind of elastic element widely used in the mechanical and electronic industries. Spring can produce greater elastic deformation when loaded, and convert mechanical work or kinetic energy into deformation energy. After unloading, the deformation of spring disappears and returns to its original state, and the deformation energy is transformed into mechanical work or kinetic energy.The ratio of load and deformation of the spring is called spring stiffness.  There are many kinds of springs. They are used in various fields. According to the deformation condition, they can be divide...
6
2018 - 10 - 09
1. The standing treatment of the compression spring is to compress the spring to the working limit height or to tighten the height several times, usually 3 to 5 times;For the stretching spring, the length of the spring is drawn to the working limit several times;Torsion spring, is the spring in the working direction of the 5522 for the ultimate torsion Angle several times.2. Strong pressure (strong tension and strong torsion) treatment for compression spring is to press the spring into the material layer and the stress exceeds the yield point, resulting in negative residual stress on the surfa...
7
2018 - 10 - 19
1、 preparation before peening1) the size and surface roughness before spring-shot blasting should meet the requirements of the pattern, except for special instructions (if it is necessary to reprocess the shot blasting surface).2) the spring shall complete the prescribed heat treatment before shot peening.3) the non-destructive test of the spring shall be completed before the shot peening treatment, or after the shot peening if there is special requirement.4) the surface of the spring to be sprayed should be clean, dry and free of oil.2、 treatment after shot peening1) the heating temperature o...
8
2018 - 11 - 01
Springs are ubiquitous in all kinds of machines—from consumer products to heavy industrial equipment, take apart anything that involves a mechanism, and chances are, you’ll find a spring inside. Springs are storage devices for mechanical energy—think of them as analogous to batteries! The earliest spring-driven clocks appeared in the 1400s. Fast-forward some 600 years, you still have to charge the Apple Watch everyday, and it’s not nearly as fast as winding a clock…but I digress.My personal fascination with springs began with Slinkies and wind-up toys, and countless mechanical pencils were sac...
9
2020 - 01 - 13
Constant force spring, or “clock” spring, is a roll of prestressed strip which exerts a nearly constant restraining force to resist uncoiling. The force is constant because the change in the radius of curvature is constant.   Such applications as brush springs for motors, counterbalance springs for window sashes and carriage return springs for typewriters. Constant force motor springs are used to drive mechanisms for timers, movie cameras and cable retractors.Constant force spring also known as coil spring helix in a plane of the spring, Spring is the material wound in...
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Production of spring

日期: 2018-07-18
浏览次数: 20
Nelson

The technological process of helical springs refers to the process of converting spring materials into finished springs, which flow through every process in sequence. Because of the spring material, the spring type and the processing method are different, the technological procedures of the spiral spring are also different. However, their basic technological processes are coil spring heat treatment end processing surface treatment.

Next, introduce several typical processes.

1. manufacturing compressed spiral spring with cold drawn spring steel wire

For the lathe coil spring, after the winding spring process has to be cut off, a spring connected to several springs is separated into a single spring.

Some important springs can add a blank height classification procedure before grinding the face to ensure grinding quality. The grinding process can be divided into two processes: rough grinding and fine Tang, and burrs or chamfering after rough grinding.

2. using cold drawn spring steel wire to make spiral spring

The manufacture of stretched coil spring has a special automatic spring coiling machine abroad. For some typical hook rings, it can be completed once in the coil spring process. However, the machine tool has not been produced in China. The drawing spring hook ring is made by some special moulds, and it is a special working procedure.

It is worth noting that the residual stress in the stress recovery process after the coil spring is eliminated in the process of winding, and the tempering process after the making of the hook and ring is to eliminate the internal stress produced when the hook ring is made. Although these two processes all have the effect of eliminating internal stress, they can not be merged into one process, because the former process of tempering has a "shape" function to ensure the relative position precision of the hook and ring. And the heating temperature of the subsequent tempering process must not be higher than the tempering temperature of the previous one.

Unlike compression springs, tensile springs are usually not subjected to "tensile" treatment. Since pellets are difficult to spray into the inner surface of the spring, shot peening is not carried out. 

3. using cold drawn spring steel wire to make torsional spiral spring

Similar to the tensile springs, the manufacture of the torsion spring is also made by a special automatic reed abroad. For some typical twisting arms, it can be completed at the same time in the coil spring process. However, at present, only the straightaway spring coiling machine is used in China, and the torsion arm must be completed with special mould in special process.

At present, there are two typical technological processes for the production of twisting spiral springs at home. One is to set down the material first and then to reel the other other processes, such as the process flow of the double arm spring, and the other is the process similar to the spring, but the spring is the hook ring and the torsion spring is the twist arm.

As the residual stress produced in the coil spring is opposite to the direction of the working stress, the tempering process is often omitted in order to allow these beneficial residual stresses to reduce the peak stress of the working stress. However, tempering treatment is conducive to stabilizing the grain structure of spring materials and reducing the deformation caused by collisions in spring transportation.

Strong torsion treatment is also a procedure for arranging very few special torsion springs.

4. make spring springs with spring steel wire supplied by annealed state.

The alloy spring steel wire supplied by the annealing state is mainly used to make the compressed spiral spring. Its process flow is mainly quenched and tempered after forming, and the spring end needs to be treated by normalizing, and the other processes are basically the same.

The process flow of 5. hot coil large spring

The spring with material diameter greater than 12mm is often called large spring and is usually made by thermoforming. The hot coil spring is basically a compressed spiral spring.

The hot coil spring is a core coil spring. For the coil conical helical compression spring, because of the difficulty of "opening" (winding out pitch) during the rolling process, it has the task of opening the gears in the correction process. In addition, in order to ensure quenching temperature, the calibration process must be accurate and rapid. Otherwise, the quenching must be reheated. In order to improve the fatigue life of hot coil spring, shot peening should be carried out as far as possible.


Relevant recommendations
2020 . 01 . 13
Constant force spring, or “clock” spring, is a roll of prestressed strip which exerts a nearly constant restraining force to resist uncoiling. The force is constant because the change in the radius of curvature is constant.   Such applications as brush springs for motors, counterbalance springs for window sashes and carriage return springs for typewriters. Constant force motor springs are used to drive mechanisms for timers, movie cameras and cable retractors.Constant force spring also known as coil spring helix in a plane of the spring, Spring is the material wound into a plane of the spiral of a spring, the spring is fixed at one end, the other end of the material after acting torque bending torque, bending elastic deformation, so the spring in its own plane to p...
2020 . 01 . 13
A compression spring is an open-coil helical spring that offers resistance to a compressive force applied axially. They are usually coiled at a constant diameter, though they can be coiled in other needed forms such as conical, concave (barrel), convex (hourglass), or various combinations of these. Compression springs are used to resist force and/or store energy,1、CharacteristicsBy far the most widely used type of spring, compression springs are designed to oppose compression and return to its uncompressed length when the applied force is removed. 2、Service LifeIt should be noted that if critical force-versus-deflection linearity is required, only the center 60-80% of the available deflection range should be employed.Thus, reserve at least the first and last 15-20% of t...
2020 . 01 . 06
When choosing the right spring, selecting the best spring wire is a critical before manufacturing. Below are some of the most common spring wire materials and their unique characteristics .Stainless Steel SpringsStainless steel springs have low-stress relaxation and resist corrosion. They have good strength at moderate temperatures and are resistant to heat. Extension springs are most commonly made from stainless steel.Extension springs absorb energy and provide resistance to pulling. As the name suggests, an extension spring stretches as a load is applied to it. Applications for extension springs include carburetors, trampolines and farm machinery.Oil Tempered Spring WireOil tempered wire is cold drawn and heat treated before plating. Ideal as a general purpose spring wire, it is often us...
2020 . 01 . 06
springs are a mechanical part that use elasticity to work. Generally made of spring steel. It is widely used in machines and instruments to control the movement of machine parts, mitigate impact or vibration, store and store energy, measure force, etc.The spring is just an accumulator, it has the function of storing energy, but can not release the energy slowly, to achieve the release of this function should rely on the 'spring + large transmission ratio mechanism' to achieve, common in the mechanical table.The spring is widely used in the mechanical and electronic industry. The spring can produce a large elastic deformation under load and convert mechanical work or kinetic energy into deformation energy. After unloading, the spring's deformation disappears and returns to its o...
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