HOT INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 08 - 10
Stainless steel spring general precautions when washing, please pay attention to no surface friction to avoid the use of bleaching components and washing liquid containing abrasives, steel ball, grinding tools, etc., in order to remove the washing liquid, washing the end, rinse the surface with clean water.Surface state and washing methodDust and scaling - wash with soap or warm water.Label and film - scrub with warm water and weak detergent.Binder ingredients - use alcohol or organic solution;Fat, oil, lubricating oil contamination - with soft cloth or paper after drying with a neutral deterg...
2
2018 - 09 - 29
The spring relief valve is mainly composed of spool, seat, stem, spring and adjusting screw.The relief valve mainly USES spring force to press the spool on the seat.When the boiler pressure exceeds the pressure exerted by the spring on the upper part of the spool, the spool and stem are lifted and steam is discharged.When the boiler pressure is lower than the spring pressure acting on the upper part of the spool, the spool falls on the seat and the boiler stops discharging steam.The spool is a cone with a slight protrusion around the edge of the spool.When the steam opens the valve core, the e...
3
2018 - 07 - 25
Core tip: the surface of spring can be generally treated, such as blackening (blue), phosphating, electroplating, spray molding, etc. In recent years, the zinc chromium film dacroa DACROMET dacroa protective layer has excellent corrosion resistance, which is 710 times the corrosion resistance of the traditional electroplating layer, and there is no hydrogen embrittlement in the electroplating process. Generally, the surface of springs can be treated, such as blackening (blue), phosphating, electroplating, spray molding, etc. In recent years, the zinc chromium film "dacrom DACROMET da...
4
2018 - 09 - 17
(1) metal tissue1. Metal: it has good thermal and electrical conductivity with opaque and metallic luster, and its electrical conductivity decreases with the increase of temperature, and it is rich in ductility and malleability.A solid (or crystal) in which the atoms of a metal are regularly arranged.2. Alloy: a substance which is composed of two or more metals or metals and non-metals and has metal properties.3. Phase: components with the same composition, structure and performance in the alloy.Solid solution: an atom (compound) of one (or several) element dissolves into the lattice of anothe...
5
2018 - 08 - 29
In view of the harm caused by the surface defects of high carbon steel wire rods, the surface defects of high carbon steel wire rods were systematically analyzed by means of surface pickling, metallographic analysis and scanning electron microscopy, the types of defects were determined, the causes of defects were analyzed, and the improvement measures were put forward. After the implementation of these measures, the surface defects of high carbon steel wire rods were basically eliminated. Surface quality defects. The conclusions are as follows: 1. The surface defects found in high carbon ...
6
2018 - 10 - 19
When the spring is made from materials that do not need to be hardened or tempered after forming, the process is spiral compression spring: rolling, de-stressed annealing, grinding of two ends, (shot blasting), (rectification), (de-stressed annealing), standing or strong pressure treatment, inspection, surface anti-corrosion treatment, packaging.Coil stretching spring: rolling, de-stress annealing, hook making, (cutting the tail), de-stress annealing, standing treatment, inspection, surface anti-corrosion treatment, packaging.Spiral torsion spring: rolling, de-stress annealing, torsion arm mak...
7
2018 - 08 - 13
Like most other basic mechanisms, metal springs have existed for a long time in the bronze age. Even for metals, wood is used as a structural member of flexible bow and arrow and military catapult. In the Renaissance, precise clocks made precision springs the first necessity. In Fourteenth Century, we saw the precise clock of revolutionary astronomical navigation developed. The world's exploration and conquest of European colonial powers continue to provide impetus for watchmakers "science and art." The other area of the firearm promotes the development of the spring. At the dawn of ...
8
2018 - 09 - 30
Please avoid the improper way of using (1) more than the use of the maximum compression (300000 back to the conditions, after a close with the use of a long) stress causing the wreck, close to close with the use of a long, can make the spring line department gradually close to that, because of the high spring constant change caused by load curve with high, nearly and produce high stress to make spring break, please do not use more than 300000 times.The use of the spring without prepressure due to the gap caused the spring up and down vibration caused the spring distortion, if there is prepress...
9
2018 - 07 - 26
Salt fog refers to the dispersion system composed of salt micro droplets in the atmosphere. It is one of the three defense series of artificial environment. Many enterprise products need to simulate the destructive nature of the marine surrounding climate to the products. The salt fog test is a simulation of this phenomenon, so the test equipment, salt fog test box, came into being.Salt fog can be divided into two categories, one is natural environmental exposure test, the other is artificial accelerated salt spray environmental test. The artificial simulated salt fog environment test is a kin...
NEW INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 08 - 17
8, detection of fatigue property and relaxation rate of spring8.1 spring fatigue performance testing requirements: the spring that bears the variable load is in the internal quality of the enterprise.Quantity control, user inspection, new product certification, certification, industry sampling and process adjustment.In the ring section, the fatigue performance must be tested. The testing method can be tested by fatigue life testThere are two kinds of certificate test or reliability evaluation test, but they are classified and certified for products.Reliability evaluation test must be adopted t...
2
2018 - 10 - 12
The spring is often corroded by the surrounding medium in the process of manufacture, storage and use.As the spring works under the influence of the spring force, the spring force will change and lose its function after being corroded.Therefore, preventing the corrosion of the spring can guarantee the stability of the spring and extend its service life.The corrosion of spring can be divided into chemical corrosion and electrochemical corrosion according to the type of reaction.They are the result of changes in the metal atoms on the surface of the spring or the loss of electrons to an ionic st...
3
2018 - 08 - 01
The basic spring parameters of the spring:1. Spring wire diameter D: wire diameter of spring.2. The outer diameter of the spring D2: the maximum outer diameter of the spring.3. The inner diameter of the spring D1: the smallest outer diameter of the spring.4. The middle diameter of the spring is D: the average diameter of the spring. Their calculation formula is: D= (D2+D1) +2=D1+d=D2-d5, pitch T: except for the support ring, the distance between the two adjacent circles of the spring corresponds to the axial distance on the middle diameter of the spring, and is expressed by t.6, effective circ...
4
2018 - 09 - 22
1) high strength: in order to improve the spring's ability to resist fatigue failure and relaxation, the spring material should have a high yield strength and elastic limit, and in particular, a high ratio of strength to strength.In general, the elastic limit of the material is directly proportional to the yield strength, so the spring design and the manufacturer always want the material to have a high yield strength.The tensile strength and yield strength of the spring material are close, for example, about 90% of the carbon steel wire of cold drawn is about: since the tensile strength is eas...
5
2018 - 09 - 08
(1) heat treatment technology for strengthening springs.1) protective atmosphere heat treatment. In our country, protective atmosphere heat treatment is adopted in spring, oil quenched and tempered steel wire and toughened steel whose wire rod is less than 15mm. Heat treatment in protective atmosphere can remove surface decarbonization and oxidation and improve the surface quality of materials.2) induction heating or protective atmosphere induction heating heat treatment. This process is usually carried out on the wire before forming the coil spring. Some spring factories combine heat treatmen...
6
2018 - 10 - 29
Each circle is formed into a tightly closed spiral ring or a pitch ring, which extends outwards when subjected to external forces and maintains a force of contraction towards the middle.There are many kinds of spring hooks: English hook, German hook, earring hook, fishtail hook, etc.(1) free length: (a) total length, (b) total length of the ring, and (c) length inside the hook ring.(2) control diameter :(a) outside diameter, (b) inside diameter, (c) inside diameter of casing.(3) steel wire size "wire diameter".(4) materials (type, grade).(5) winding number :(a) total winding number a...
7
2018 - 08 - 17
8, detection of fatigue property and relaxation rate of spring8.1 spring fatigue performance testing requirements: the spring that bears the variable load is in the internal quality of the enterprise.Quantity control, user inspection, new product certification, certification, industry sampling and process adjustment.In the ring section, the fatigue performance must be tested. The testing method can be tested by fatigue life testThere are two kinds of certificate test or reliability evaluation test, but they are classified and certified for products.Reliability evaluation test must be adopted t...
8
2018 - 10 - 12
There are many ways of making spring, but the main forming part is cold forming and hot forming.In spring in the cold forming process, the spring mainly made by oil material toughening, lead bath quenching tempering spring wire, cold drawn wire, etc., using this kind of material in the manufacturing process of spring generally do not need special heat treatment and only requires the stress relieving, adopted by the spring design work stress and material performance.Spring cold forming process is generally suitable for special-shaped spring with small line diameter or more complicated shape, su...
9
2018 - 08 - 02
Fr- spring radial load (N)  Radial stiffness of the F'r-spring (N/mm)  Fs- spring test load (N)  F- Spring deformation (mm)  Fj- deformation under working limit load Fj (mm)  Fr- spring static deformation (mm)  Fs- The amount of deformation of the spring under the test load Fs (mm); the amount of linear static deformation (mm)  Fo- tension spring corresponds to the assumed deformation amount (mm) of the tensile force Fo; the central deformation amount of the diaphragm (mm)  G-material shear modulus (MPa)  ...
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Production of spring

日期: 2018-10-25
浏览次数: 361
Daisy

The technological process of helical springs refers to the process of converting spring materials into finished springs, which flow through every process in sequence. Because of the spring material, the spring type and the processing method are different, the technological procedures of the spiral spring are also different. However, their basic technological processes are coil spring heat treatment end processing surface treatment.

Next, introduce several typical processes.

1. manufacturing compressed spiral spring with cold drawn spring steel wire

For the lathe coil spring, after the winding spring process has to be cut off, a spring connected to several springs is separated into a single spring.

Some important springs can add a blank height classification procedure before grinding the face to ensure grinding quality. The grinding process can be divided into two processes: rough grinding and fine Tang, and burrs or chamfering after rough grinding.

2. using cold drawn spring steel wire to make spiral spring

The manufacture of stretched coil spring has a special automatic spring coiling machine abroad. For some typical hook rings, it can be completed once in the coil spring process. However, the machine tool has not been produced in China. The drawing spring hook ring is made by some special moulds, and it is a special working procedure.

It is worth noting that the residual stress in the stress recovery process after the coil spring is eliminated in the process of winding, and the tempering process after the making of the hook and ring is to eliminate the internal stress produced when the hook ring is made. Although these two processes all have the effect of eliminating internal stress, they can not be merged into one process, because the former process of tempering has a "shape" function to ensure the relative position precision of the hook and ring. And the heating temperature of the subsequent tempering process must not be higher than the tempering temperature of the previous one.

Unlike compression springs, tensile springs are usually not subjected to "tensile" treatment. Since pellets are difficult to spray into the inner surface of the spring, shot peening is not carried out.

Production of spring

3. using cold drawn spring steel wire to make torsional spiral spring

Similar to the tensile springs, the manufacture of the torsion spring is also made by a special automatic reed abroad. For some typical twisting arms, it can be completed at the same time in the coil spring process. However, at present, only the straightaway spring coiling machine is used in China, and the torsion arm must be completed with special mould in special process.

At present, there are two typical technological processes for the production of twisting spiral springs at home. One is to set down the material first and then to reel the other other processes, such as the process flow of the double arm spring, and the other is the process similar to the spring, but the spring is the hook ring and the torsion spring is the twist arm.

As the residual stress produced in the coil spring is opposite to the direction of the working stress, the tempering process is often omitted in order to allow these beneficial residual stresses to reduce the peak stress of the working stress. However, tempering treatment is conducive to stabilizing the grain structure of spring materials and reducing the deformation caused by collisions in spring transportation.

Strong torsion treatment is also a procedure for arranging very few special torsion springs.

4. make spring springs with spring steel wire supplied by annealed state.

The alloy spring steel wire supplied by the annealing state is mainly used to make the compressed spiral spring. Its process flow is mainly quenched and tempered after forming, and the spring end needs to be treated by normalizing, and the other processes are basically the same.

The process flow of 5. hot coil large spring

The spring with material diameter greater than 12mm is often called large spring and is usually made by thermoforming. The hot coil spring is basically a compressed spiral spring.

The hot coil spring is a core coil spring. For the coil conical helical compression spring, because of the difficulty of "opening" (winding out pitch) during the rolling process, it has the task of opening the gears in the correction process. In addition, in order to ensure quenching temperature, the calibration process must be accurate and rapid. Otherwise, the quenching must be reheated. In order to improve the fatigue life of hot coil spring, shot peening should be carried out as far as possible.


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2018 . 12 . 03
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In the transmission mechanism of the press, when the clutch and the brake adopt mechanical rigid interlock, as long as the air is set on the clutch.The cylinder, the air pressure ACTS on the piston of the cylinder to make the clutch friction pair fit, and to make the air pressure of the spring brake brake friction pair separate and not brake, so when the air cylinder enters, the brake friction pair should be separated first, and then the clutch friction pair fits to complete the combination.The friction pair separation of the clutch and the friction pair fitting of the brake are respectively achieved by the clutch reset spring and the brake spring. Therefore, when the cylinder is vented, the brake spring and the reset spring separate the clutch friction pair and then make the brake fr...
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