HOT INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 07 - 25
1, matching springs and springs based on automobiles, motorcycles, diesel engines and gasoline engines. This type of spring has valve spring, suspension spring, damping spring and clutch spring, etc., with a large amount, which accounts for about 50% of the spring production. At the same time, the technical level is also high, it can be said that the technical level of these springs is representative, they are mainly to the high fatigue life and high anti relaxation direction, thus reducing the quality. 2. Large springs and plate springs, which mainly include railway rolling stock, heavy ...
2
2018 - 08 - 06
We can look at the relationship between the force applied to a spring and its resulting displacement. Again, there are three classes of springs: linear (or constant rate) springs, variable rate springs, and constant force springs. Linear springs Linear springs obey Hooke’s Law (F=k*x), which means that the force needed to extend or compress such a spring by distance x is proportional to the distance, as long as the force doesn’t exceed the elastic limit of the spring. Torsion springs obey an analogous version of Hooke’s Law (F=k*θ, where θ is an angle). In both cases, k is the spring rate, and...
3
2018 - 08 - 17
8, detection of fatigue property and relaxation rate of spring8.1 spring fatigue performance testing requirements: the spring that bears the variable load is in the internal quality of the enterprise.Quantity control, user inspection, new product certification, certification, industry sampling and process adjustment.In the ring section, the fatigue performance must be tested. The testing method can be tested by fatigue life testThere are two kinds of certificate test or reliability evaluation test, but they are classified and certified for products.Reliability evaluation test must be adopted t...
4
2018 - 09 - 03
The spring pressure test of metal springs usually uses electronic digital spring tension and compression testing machine. Electronic digital spring tension and compression testing machine is a special instrument for testing the deformation and load relationship characteristics of tension and compression springs. It is suitable for testing the working load of the tension and compression spring under a certain working length, and also for testing the elastic load of elastic devices such as rubber and spring.The pressure test of metal springs is generally divided into the following steps:1. Compr...
5
2018 - 09 - 14
55SiCr is the high-grade steel used for automobile suspension springs. The suspension springs bear the reciprocating compression motion in the process of automobile driving, and play the role of buffer and shock absorption, which has high requirements on the performance of steel.Decarburization is one of the main problems in the hot processing of spring steel. Decarburization of spring steel surface will seriously damage the fatigue performance of spring, especially when the total decarburization of ferrite occurs on spring steel surface, the fatigue limit of spring can be reduced by 50%.At pr...
6
2018 - 09 - 26
The selection of spring material shall be determined according to the properties of the spring bearing load, stress state, stress size, working temperature, environmental medium, service life, requirements for conducting and magnetic conductivity, technical performance, material source and price, etc.When determining the shape and size of the material section, the series sizes specified in the national standards and ministerial standards should be selected first, and non-standard series of materials should be avoided as far as possible.Medium and small-sized springs, especially spiral-tension ...
7
2018 - 10 - 11
Type of paint used on spring surfacesThe oxidation treatment of the spring (also known as bluish, blackened, cooked black, etc.) is mainly used to prevent the corrosion of the spring, and also to make the spring appearance bright.Oxidation treatment methods include: alkaline oxidation, alkali free oxidation and electrolytic oxidation.Spring oxidation treatment is often alkaline oxidation treatment, in the presence of oxidants (such as sodium nitrite) in caustic sodium solution.As the solution approaches the boiling point, the iron on the surface of the spring dissolves and forms sodium ferrite...
8
2018 - 10 - 22
The corrosion of spring can be divided into chemical corrosion and electrochemical corrosion according to the type of reaction.They are the result of changes in the metal atoms on the surface of the spring or the loss of electrons to an ionic state.If the metal on the surface of the spring simply reacts with the surrounding medium, and the spring causes corrosion, it is called chemical corrosion.For example, the spring is oxidized in the particularly dry atmosphere to form an oxidation film, and the spring is chemically changed with the liquid or impurity in the non-electrolyte liquid, which i...
9
2019 - 12 - 11
A compression spring comes in many configurations, shapes and sizes. They are conical, hourglass and barrel of varying lengths—and can be used as a shock absorber, vibration damper, a pure energy accumulator, or force generator. Because of their versatility, how efficiently they store energy and the multiple shapes in which they can be manufactured, these types of mechanical springs have a wide selection of applications.In the automotive industry, compression springs are used throughout the vehicle. In the medical applications , compression springs are used as parts in assemblin...
NEW INFORMATION / More
1
2018 - 04 - 18
The most common way to classify springs is by how load is applied to them. You’re probably familiar with the following:Compression spring: designed to operate with a compressive load and found in shock absorbers, spring mattresses, mechanical pencils, and retractable pens. Extension spring: designed to operate with a tensile load. An archetypical example is a Slinky, but these are also found in luggage scales and garage door mechanisms. Torsion spring: designed to operate with torque (twisting force); powers every clothespin and mouse trap.
2
2018 - 08 - 06
We can look at the relationship between the force applied to a spring and its resulting displacement. Again, there are three classes of springs: linear (or constant rate) springs, variable rate springs, and constant force springs. Linear springs Linear springs obey Hooke’s Law (F=k*x), which means that the force needed to extend or compress such a spring by distance x is proportional to the distance, as long as the force doesn’t exceed the elastic limit of the spring. Torsion springs obey an analogous version of Hooke’s Law (F=k*θ, where θ is an angle). In both cases, k is the spring rate, and...
3
2018 - 08 - 17
8, detection of fatigue property and relaxation rate of spring8.1 spring fatigue performance testing requirements: the spring that bears the variable load is in the internal quality of the enterprise.Quantity control, user inspection, new product certification, certification, industry sampling and process adjustment.In the ring section, the fatigue performance must be tested. The testing method can be tested by fatigue life testThere are two kinds of certificate test or reliability evaluation test, but they are classified and certified for products.Reliability evaluation test must be adopted t...
4
2018 - 09 - 03
In order to remove the detergent, wash the surface with clean water at the end of washing.Surface condition and washing methodDust and easy to remove dirt - wash with soap, weak lotion or warm water.Label and film: scrub with warm water and weak detergent.Binder composition - using alcohol or organic solution;Fat, oil, lubricating oil contamination - with a soft cloth or paper after drying with a neutral detergent or ammonia solution or special detergent to wash;Bleaching agent and seed acid adherence - immediately rinse with water, soak in ammonia or neutral soda solution, then wash with neut...
5
2018 - 09 - 17
(1) metal tissue1. Metal: it has good thermal and electrical conductivity with opaque and metallic luster, and its electrical conductivity decreases with the increase of temperature, and it is rich in ductility and malleability.A solid (or crystal) in which the atoms of a metal are regularly arranged.2. Alloy: a substance which is composed of two or more metals or metals and non-metals and has metal properties.3. Phase: components with the same composition, structure and performance in the alloy.Solid solution: an atom (compound) of one (or several) element dissolves into the lattice of anothe...
6
2018 - 09 - 27
In the actual work, we often encounter that the spring cannot push the moving object to the set position, that is to say, the length of the spring's computational freedom becomes shorter.The main reason is that there is no initial compression, that is, a spring is made into a spring, which is compressed to its compression height or to its compression height (if necessary) with a greater force, and cannot be restored to its original free length upon release.Its shortened quantity is called "initial compression quantity".After repeating 3-6 times of compression, the length is no lo...
7
2018 - 10 - 12
The spring is often corroded by the surrounding medium in the process of manufacture, storage and use.As the spring works under the influence of the spring force, the spring force will change and lose its function after being corroded.Therefore, preventing the corrosion of the spring can guarantee the stability of the spring and extend its service life.The corrosion of spring can be divided into chemical corrosion and electrochemical corrosion according to the type of reaction.They are the result of changes in the metal atoms on the surface of the spring or the loss of electrons to an ionic st...
8
2018 - 10 - 23
For a long time, the shape and performance of the extension spring will change. If the extension spring is always in a certain situation, it may change its quality due to external conditions.Generally, there are the following situations:I. wear of extension spring :Wear can be divided into abrasive, fatigue and corrosion wear fracture.Ii. Brittle fractureThe majority of spring break belongs to brittle fracture.Plastic fracture is possible only when the working temperature is high.In engineering, fatigue fracture, stress corrosion fracture and hydrogen embrittlement fracture are calle...
9
2019 - 12 - 11
A compression spring comes in many configurations, shapes and sizes. They are conical, hourglass and barrel of varying lengths—and can be used as a shock absorber, vibration damper, a pure energy accumulator, or force generator. Because of their versatility, how efficiently they store energy and the multiple shapes in which they can be manufactured, these types of mechanical springs have a wide selection of applications.In the automotive industry, compression springs are used throughout the vehicle. In the medical applications , compression springs are used as parts in assemblin...
CONTACT US / More
hotline
86-755-28903525
Room 316,Building 4,Tusincere Science&Technology Park,QingChun Road,LongCheng Street,LongGang District, ShenZhen,China.

Knowledge of metal structure and heat treatment

日期: 2018-09-17
浏览次数: 46
Daisy

(1) metal tissue

1. Metal: it has good thermal and electrical conductivity with opaque and metallic luster, and its electrical conductivity decreases with the increase of temperature, and it is rich in ductility and malleability.A solid (or crystal) in which the atoms of a metal are regularly arranged.2. Alloy: a substance which is composed of two or more metals or metals and non-metals and has metal properties.3. Phase: components with the same composition, structure and performance in the alloy.Solid solution: an atom (compound) of one (or several) element dissolves into the lattice of another element, while a solid metal crystal of the lattice type of the other element remains.5. Solid solution strengthening: as solute atoms enter the gap or junction of solvent lattice, the lattice is distorted, resulting in increased hardness and strength of solid solution. This phenomenon is called solid solution strengthening.6. Compound: the alloy elements are combined to form a new solid crystal structure with metal properties.Mechanical mixture: an alloy consisting of two crystalline structures, one component, though two crystalline, having independent mechanical properties.8. Total iron: carbon at %26alpha;- interstitial solid solution in Fe.9. Austenite: carbon at %26gamma;- interstitial solid solution in Fe.Carburized bodies: stable compounds of carbon and iron (Fe3c).11. Pearlite: mechanical mixture of ferrite and cementite (F+Fe3c with carbon 0.8%)

Heat treatment

A process of changing the structure and properties of a metal material in a solid state through certain heating, heat preservation, and cooling.

Annealing: a heat treatment in which metal or alloy materials or components are heated to a phase or partial phase transition temperature for a period of time and then slowly cooled.14. Normal fire: a heat treatment process in which the steel is heated to a temperature above the complete phase transition and cooled in the air after a certain period of heat preservation.15. Quenching: heat treatment process in which the steel is heated to the phase change or part of the phase change temperature and rapidly cools after being kept for a period of time.16. Tempering: heat treatment process in which hardened steel is reheated to a certain temperature (below the phase change temperature) for a period of time and then cooled.17. Tempering treatment: the steel is hardened and then tempered at high temperature. This composite process is called tempering treatment.Surface heat treatment: heat treatment process that changes the microstructure or chemical composition of the surface of a steel piece to its surface properties.

Knowledge of metal structure and heat treatment

Relevant recommendations
2020 . 01 . 13
Constant force spring, or “clock” spring, is a roll of prestressed strip which exerts a nearly constant restraining force to resist uncoiling. The force is constant because the change in the radius of curvature is constant.   Such applications as brush springs for motors, counterbalance springs for window sashes and carriage return springs for typewriters. Constant force motor springs are used to drive mechanisms for timers, movie cameras and cable retractors.Constant force spring also known as coil spring helix in a plane of the spring, Spring is the material wound into a plane of the spiral of a spring, the spring is fixed at one end, the other end of the material after acting torque bending torque, bending elastic deformation, so the spring in its own plane to p...
2020 . 01 . 13
A compression spring is an open-coil helical spring that offers resistance to a compressive force applied axially. They are usually coiled at a constant diameter, though they can be coiled in other needed forms such as conical, concave (barrel), convex (hourglass), or various combinations of these. Compression springs are used to resist force and/or store energy,1、CharacteristicsBy far the most widely used type of spring, compression springs are designed to oppose compression and return to its uncompressed length when the applied force is removed. 2、Service LifeIt should be noted that if critical force-versus-deflection linearity is required, only the center 60-80% of the available deflection range should be employed.Thus, reserve at least the first and last 15-20% of t...
2020 . 01 . 06
When choosing the right spring, selecting the best spring wire is a critical before manufacturing. Below are some of the most common spring wire materials and their unique characteristics .Stainless Steel SpringsStainless steel springs have low-stress relaxation and resist corrosion. They have good strength at moderate temperatures and are resistant to heat. Extension springs are most commonly made from stainless steel.Extension springs absorb energy and provide resistance to pulling. As the name suggests, an extension spring stretches as a load is applied to it. Applications for extension springs include carburetors, trampolines and farm machinery.Oil Tempered Spring WireOil tempered wire is cold drawn and heat treated before plating. Ideal as a general purpose spring wire, it is often us...
2020 . 01 . 06
springs are a mechanical part that use elasticity to work. Generally made of spring steel. It is widely used in machines and instruments to control the movement of machine parts, mitigate impact or vibration, store and store energy, measure force, etc.The spring is just an accumulator, it has the function of storing energy, but can not release the energy slowly, to achieve the release of this function should rely on the 'spring + large transmission ratio mechanism' to achieve, common in the mechanical table.The spring is widely used in the mechanical and electronic industry. The spring can produce a large elastic deformation under load and convert mechanical work or kinetic energy into deformation energy. After unloading, the spring's deformation disappears and returns to its o...
Related products / Products
  • 发布时间: 2018 - 04 - 08
    Precision Torsion Spring:Description: wire diameter ranged from Φ0.10-Φ14mm, minimum spring convolution: 3•Various materials: music wire,galvanised wire, carbon wire,stainless steel wire, copper, beryllium copper wire, and more•Various torsion arms•Single torsion, double torsion and multi-torsion•Torsion in different direction•Applications: all kinds of cars, machines, electronic products,electric appliance, cameras, stationery, computers, power switches,miniature switches, architecture, commodity and home appliance, A/Vequipment, hardware and plastic molds, sports equipment and gifts
  • 发布时间: 2018 - 04 - 08
    拉伸弹簧
    Precision Extension spring:Description: wire diameter ranged from Φ0.08-Φ14mm, minimum spring convolution: 2.7, hook style can be customized per customer’s requirement•Spring loops and hooks vary in different shapes•Changeable diameter•Advanced manufacturing and testing equipment•Made of standard material•Applications: furniture, electronic products, electric appliance, architecture, commodity and home appliance, sports equipment and gifts
  • 发布时间: 2018 - 04 - 08
    异形弹簧
    Auto wire forming Spring:Description: CNC forming, maximum feeding error:0.05mm,wire diameter ranged from 0.08-14mmAUTO Wire Formings and Clasps, Round, Flat and Square Wire Types are Available•Produced by specific clasp formers•Round wire, flat wire and square wire•Advanced manufacturing and testing equipment•Exported directly•Standard material•Responsive service•Applications: all kinds of cars, machines, electronic products,electric appliance, cameras, stationery, computers, power switches,miniature switches, architecture, commodity and home appliance, A/Vequipment, hardware and plastic moul...
  • 发布时间: 2018 - 04 - 08
    CD盖弹簧、电器按钮弹簧、剃须刀弹簧等…
    For household applicancedDescription: wire diameter ranged from Φ0.10-Φ14mm, minimum spring convolution: 3Various materials: music wire,galvanised wire, carbon wire,stainless steel wire, copper, beryllium copper wire, and moreVarious torsion armsSingle torsion, double torsion and multi-torsionTorsion in different directionApplications: all kinds of cars, machines, electronic products,electric appliance, cameras, stationery, computers, power switches,miniature switches, architecture, commodity and home appliance, A/Vequipment, hardware and plastic molds, sports equipment and gifts
  • 发布时间: 2018 - 04 - 20
    Bttery shell stamping parts
Copyright ©2018 AFR PRECISION TECHNOLOGY CO,LTD
Xiniuyun Providing enterprise cloud services
在线聊天
live chat
-->
客户服务
live chat