HOT INFORMATION
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  • 2018 . 10 . 17
    264
    Daisy
    Washing method according to the surface state:General considerationsWhen washing, please pay attention not to scratch the surface to avoid using the bleaching ingredients and the cleaning solution containing abrasive agent, steel ball (brush roller ball), grinding tools, etc. In order to remove the cleaning solution, wash the surface with clean water at the end of washing.Surface condition and washing methodDust and dirt are washed with soap, a mild detergent, or warm waterLabel and film with warm water, weak detergent to scrubThe binder ingredient is alcohol or organic solutionUse a mild cloth or paper to dry and then wash with a neutral detergent or an ammonia solution or a special detergentRinse immediately with water, soak in an aqueous solution of ammonia or neutral carbonated soda, a...
  • 2018 . 10 . 16
    258
    Daisy
    A, definitions,Spring steel refers to the steel specially used to make spring elastic elements due to its elasticity in the quenching and tempering states.The elasticity of steel depends on its elastic deformation capacity, that is, within the specified range, the elastic deformation capacity makes it bear a certain load, and no permanent deformation occurs after the load is removed.Spring steel shall have excellent comprehensive performance, such as mechanical properties (especially elastic limit, strength limit and yield ratio), anti-elastic and anti-elastic properties (i.e. anti-elastic and anti-loose properties), fatigue properties, quenching properties, physical and chemical properties (heat resistance, low temperature resistance, oxidation resistance, corrosion resistance, etc.).In o...
  • 2018 . 10 . 16
    254
    Daisy
    The selection of spring material shall be determined according to the properties of the spring bearing load, stress state, stress size, working temperature, environmental medium, service life, requirements for conducting and magnetic conductivity, technical performance, material source and price, etc.When determining the shape and size of the material section, the series sizes specified in the national standards and ministerial standards should be selected first, and non-standard series of materials should be avoided as far as possible.Medium and small-sized springs, especially spiral-tension springs, should be preferentially used steel wire, cold-drawn steel wire such as strengthened steel wire, lead bath and oil hardened tempered steel wire, which has higher strength and good surface qua...
  • 2018 . 10 . 15
    286
    Daisy
    There are three ways to use stainless steel spring to remove oil and oxide skin:1. Immerse the stainless steel spring into the plastic container with the metal cleaning agent A diluted with water (the proportion of cleaning agent A and water dilution is 1:1 or 1:2), and the time should be as follows: the spring surface should be free from oil and oxide skin to restore the metal color. The soaking time should not be too long.So stainless steel spring surface has matte effect.2. In the ultrasonic equipment, the proportion of cleaning agent and water is about 1:30. It is advisable to restore the metal color without oil and oxide skin on the spring surface.The above two methods can be applied to high precision spring.3. After the cleaning agent A is put into the vibration polishing machine wit...
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82
2018 - 08 - 17
8, detection of fatigue property and relaxation rate of spring8.1 spring fatigue performance testing requirements: the spring that bears the variable load is in the internal quality of the enterprise.Quantity control, user inspection, new product certification, certification, industry sampling and process adjustment.In the ring section, the fatigue performance must be tested. The testing method can be tested by fatigue life testThere are two kinds of certificate test or reliability evaluation test, but they are classified and certified for products.Reliability evaluation test must be adopted t...
83
2018 - 10 - 12
The spring is often corroded by the surrounding medium in the process of manufacture, storage and use.As the spring works under the influence of the spring force, the spring force will change and lose its function after being corroded.Therefore, preventing the corrosion of the spring can guarantee the stability of the spring and extend its service life.The corrosion of spring can be divided into chemical corrosion and electrochemical corrosion according to the type of reaction.They are the result of changes in the metal atoms on the surface of the spring or the loss of electrons to an ionic st...
84
2018 - 08 - 02
Fr- spring radial load (N)  Radial stiffness of the F'r-spring (N/mm)  Fs- spring test load (N)  F- Spring deformation (mm)  Fj- deformation under working limit load Fj (mm)  Fr- spring static deformation (mm)  Fs- The amount of deformation of the spring under the test load Fs (mm); the amount of linear static deformation (mm)  Fo- tension spring corresponds to the assumed deformation amount (mm) of the tensile force Fo; the central deformation amount of the diaphragm (mm)  G-material shear modulus (MPa)  ...
85
2018 - 09 - 22
1) high strength: in order to improve the spring's ability to resist fatigue failure and relaxation, the spring material should have a high yield strength and elastic limit, and in particular, a high ratio of strength to strength.In general, the elastic limit of the material is directly proportional to the yield strength, so the spring design and the manufacturer always want the material to have a high yield strength.The tensile strength and yield strength of the spring material are close, for example, about 90% of the carbon steel wire of cold drawn is about: since the tensile strength is eas...
86
2018 - 04 - 18
We can look at the relationship between the force applied to a spring and its resulting displacement. Again, there are three classes of springs: linear (or constant rate) springs, variable rate springs, and constant force springs.Linear springsLinear springs obey Hooke’s Law (F=k*x), which means that the force needed to extend or compress such a spring by distance x is proportional to the distance, as long as the force doesn’t exceed the elastic limit of the spring. Torsion springs obey an analogous version of Hooke’s Law (F=k*θ, where θ is an angle). In both cases, k is the spring rate, and i...
87
2018 - 09 - 08
(1) heat treatment technology for strengthening springs.1) protective atmosphere heat treatment. In our country, protective atmosphere heat treatment is adopted in spring, oil quenched and tempered steel wire and toughened steel whose wire rod is less than 15mm. Heat treatment in protective atmosphere can remove surface decarbonization and oxidation and improve the surface quality of materials.2) induction heating or protective atmosphere induction heating heat treatment. This process is usually carried out on the wire before forming the coil spring. Some spring factories combine heat treatmen...
88
2018 - 10 - 29
Each circle is formed into a tightly closed spiral ring or a pitch ring, which extends outwards when subjected to external forces and maintains a force of contraction towards the middle.There are many kinds of spring hooks: English hook, German hook, earring hook, fishtail hook, etc.(1) free length: (a) total length, (b) total length of the ring, and (c) length inside the hook ring.(2) control diameter :(a) outside diameter, (b) inside diameter, (c) inside diameter of casing.(3) steel wire size "wire diameter".(4) materials (type, grade).(5) winding number :(a) total winding number a...
89
2018 - 08 - 20
8.3.3 test machine should have the following functions: test time or preset function;Dynamic timing or counting function; test amplitude display or control function; automatic stop function.Evaluation of 8.4 spring fatigue test results8.4.1 fatigue life determination: under a given failure condition, the measured spring reachesThe maximum cycle number is the fatigue life of the spring.Verification of 8.4.2 fatigue life: if the number of cycles is tested, if the spring does not failThe validation test proved that the test was passed.8.4.3 reliability verification: according to the given reliabi...
90
2018 - 10 - 12
There are many ways of making spring, but the main forming part is cold forming and hot forming.In spring in the cold forming process, the spring mainly made by oil material toughening, lead bath quenching tempering spring wire, cold drawn wire, etc., using this kind of material in the manufacturing process of spring generally do not need special heat treatment and only requires the stress relieving, adopted by the spring design work stress and material performance.Spring cold forming process is generally suitable for special-shaped spring with small line diameter or more complicated shape, su...
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82
2018 - 09 - 30
Washing method according to the surface state:General notice when washing, please pay attention not to scratch the surface to avoid the use of bleaching ingredients and abrasive solution, steel wire ball (brush roller ball), grinding tools, etc. In order to remove the washing liquid, wash the surface with clean water at the end of washing.Surface condition and washing methodDirt and scale removal - wash with soap, mild detergent or warm water.Label and film -- scrubbing with warm water and weak detergent;Binder ingredients - use alcohol or organic solutions;Contamination of fats, oils, lubrica...
83
2018 - 04 - 18
Springs can also be classified by how they’re made. The first spring that comes to most people’s minds is probably a metal coil spring, also known as a helical spring. However, there are many other types. Even an elastic band can be considered a variable rate spring, since it stores mechanical energy.Coil SpringsLightweight coil springs are made by forming metal wires on an CNC coiling machine. The multi-axis CNC control allows you to create variable pitches and end conditions only limited by your imagination. Springs that come off the coiling machines do not have springy properties. They need...
84
2018 - 09 - 18
1) make it clear whether to use raw drawn steel wire or lead hardened steel wire;2) propose the requirements of steel wire diameter, strength grade (group) and standard number (select according to table 1.1);3) if there are special requirements such as strength and diameter allowable error, etc. (standard parameters are in parts 2 and 3);4) special packaging and marking requirements (see 1.4);5) carbon steel spring suitable for long-term work under the condition of temperature 121 ℃, highest working temperature should be chosen alloy spring steel.3 special needsShaped cross section: square, re...
85
2019 - 12 - 16
Helical springsMaterials necessary for every aspect of daily life.  Helical spring is a spring that is subjected to torsional deformation, and its working part is also tightly wound into a helical shape. Its characteristic line is linear, can make compression spring, stretch spring and torsion spring. When the load is large and the radial size is limited, two compression springs with different diameters can be used together to become a combination spring. The total winding number n1 is the sum of the effective winding number n and the supporting winding number n2. Volute coil helical...
86
2018 - 08 - 31
Spring drawings should be audited as follows: geometric parameters audit; physical parameters audit; technical conditions audit.(1) geometric parameters include material size, spring diameter, spring coil number, free height, spring rotation and so on.(2) physical parameters include load, stiffness, theoretical value of deformation, tolerance and so on.(3) Technical conditions include geometric tolerance, heat treatment process requirements, surface treatment, elastic compression treatment and shot peening treatment.
87
2018 - 10 - 20
1) the selection basis of environmental factors in the use state of spring products: corrosion resistance, acid corrosion resistance, alkali corrosion resistance, salt corrosion resistance, water corrosion resistance, etc.Weather resistance;Resistance to stress and corrosion, fatigue and corrosion, etc.Wear resistance;Temperature resistance, etc.Radiation resistance, etc.2) selection basis of load characteristics of spring products: dynamic pulse-type cycle load, variable load, impact load, corrosion fatigue load, static load, large load and fatigue load, etc.3) selection basis of mechanical p...
88
2018 - 08 - 13
With the development of spring application technology, more requirements for spring materials are put forward. The main reason is to improve the fatigue life and anti relaxation performance under high stress; secondly, according to different uses, it is required for corrosion resistance, non magnetic, electrical conductivity, wear resistance, heat resistance and so on. In addition to the development of new varieties, the spring materials have achieved beneficial results in the aspects of strict control of chemical composition, reducing non-metallic inclusions, improving the surface quality and...
89
2018 - 10 - 08
The oxidation treatment of the spring (also known as bluish, blackened, cooked black, etc.) is mainly used to prevent the corrosion of the spring, and also to make the spring appearance bright.Oxidation treatment methods include: alkaline oxidation, alkali free oxidation and electrolytic oxidation.Spring oxidation treatment is often alkaline oxidation treatment, in the presence of oxidants (such as sodium nitrite) in caustic sodium solution.As the solution approaches the boiling point, the iron on the surface of the spring dissolves and forms sodium ferrite and sodium ferrite, which is then ma...
90
2018 - 07 - 16
Torsional springs are a kind of helical springs, which mainly produce torque or rotational force. The end of the torsion spring is fixed to other components. When other components rotate around the center of the spring, the spring pullback them back to the initial position. Although this spring is called torsion spring, it is subject to bending stress rather than torsional stress. The torsion spring can store and release angular energy or fix a device in a static way by rotating the force arm around the middle axis of the spring body. Torsion springs are usually tight, but there is pitch betwe...
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Hot News / 热点新闻
2020 . 01 . 13
点击次数: 2
Constant force spring, or “clock” spring, is a roll of prestressed strip which exerts a nearly constant restraining force to resist uncoiling. The force is constant because the change in the radi...
2020 . 01 . 13
点击次数: 3
A compression spring is an open-coil helical spring that offers resistance to a compressive force applied axially. They are usually coiled at a constant diameter, though they can be coiled i...
2020 . 01 . 06
点击次数: 1
When choosing the right spring, selecting the best spring wire is a critical before manufacturing. Below are some of the most common spring wire materials and their unique characteristics .Stainless S...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 09 / 11
点击次数: 6
Like most other basic mechanisms, metal springs have existed for a long time in the bronze age. Even for metals, wood is used as a structural member of flexible bow and arrow and military catapult. In the Renaissance, precise clocks made precision springs the first necessity. In Fourteenth Century, we saw the precise clock of revolutionary astronomical navigation developed. The world's exploration and conquest of European colonial powers continue to provide impetus for watchmakers "science and art." The other area of the firearm promotes the development of the spring. At the dawn of the industrial revolution in eighteenth Century, a large, accurate and cheap spring was proposed. Whereas the watchmaker's spring is often made by hand, the spring mass production is made of piano ste...
作者: Daisy
发布时间: 2018 / 09 / 10
点击次数: 18
The corrosion of spring can be divided into chemical corrosion and electrochemical corrosion according to the type of reaction.They are the result of changes in the metal atoms on the surface of the spring or the loss of electrons to an ionic state.If the metal on the surface of the spring simply reacts with the surrounding medium, and the spring causes corrosion, it is called chemical corrosion.For example, the spring is oxidized in the particularly dry atmosphere to form an oxidation film, and the spring is chemically changed with the liquid or impurity in the non-electrolyte liquid, which is a chemical corrosion.If the spring is in contact with the electrolyte solution, the corrosion caused by the action of the micro battery is called electrochemical corrosion.For example, the spring is...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 09 / 10
点击次数: 23
Spring grinding is easy to produce cracks at the end of the tightness, and directly affect the verticality of the spring, load and free length size, so the general grinding process of spring should be carried out after stress relief tempering. Eliminate the residual stress of steel wire cold drawing to prevent the generation of end gap cracks.The main factors that affect the quality of springs in grinding are as follows:(1) The grinding wheel should be selected reasonably; (2) the control of the bevel angle of the end ring; (3) a certain number of special measuring tools should be equipped to ensure the grinding quality; (4) the grinding wheel should be repaired in time; (5) the correct size of the grinding sleeve should be selected, and the gap between the spring and the sleeve should be ...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 09 / 08
点击次数: 25
(1) heat treatment technology for strengthening springs.1) protective atmosphere heat treatment. In our country, protective atmosphere heat treatment is adopted in spring, oil quenched and tempered steel wire and toughened steel whose wire rod is less than 15mm. Heat treatment in protective atmosphere can remove surface decarbonization and oxidation and improve the surface quality of materials.2) induction heating or protective atmosphere induction heating heat treatment. This process is usually carried out on the wire before forming the coil spring. Some spring factories combine heat treatment of wire materials with spring making to reduce costs. Induction heating treatment has better strengthening effect, rapid induction heating speed, help to refine grain and reduce surface decarbonizat...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 09 / 07
点击次数: 11
In the heat treatment of forgings, the way of placing parts to reduce deformation is to hang them vertically as far as possible, to place them vertically at the bottom of the furnace, to support them horizontally with two points, to place the fulcrum between one-third and one-fourth of the full length, and to place them flat on the heat-resistant steel tooling.In the cooling process of parts, the types, cooling properties and hardenability of quenching medium are related to deformation. The change of cooling performance can be adjusted by changing the viscosity, temperature, liquid pressure, additives and stirring of the medium. The higher the viscosity of quenching oil, the higher the temperature, the smaller the elliptical deformation. In static state, the deformation is small.The follow...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 09 / 07
点击次数: 9
There are two types of heat treatment deformation: one is the size change, the other two is the change of part geometry. Different methods of heat treatment, deformation and deformation prevention of parts size and geometry are also different.The longer the holding time and the higher the temperature are, the more carbon is dissolved into austenite and the larger the expansion of martensite is. The expansion of martensite is the largest, followed by upper bainite, and the volume change of lower bainite and troostite is very small. At low temperature tempering, martensite shrinks and the amount of shrinkage is directly proportional to the supersaturated carbon content. When heated at room temperature of -200, part of austenite is transformed into martensite and expanded. However, the expans...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 09 / 06
点击次数: 16
The technological process of helical springs refers to the process of converting spring materials into finished springs, which flow through every process in sequence. Because of the spring material, the spring type and the processing method are different, the technological procedures of the spiral spring are also different. However, their basic technological processes are coil spring heat treatment end processing surface treatment.Next, introduce several typical processes.1. manufacturing compressed spiral spring with cold drawn spring steel wireFor the lathe coil spring, after the winding spring process has to be cut off, a spring connected to several springs is separated into a single spring.Some important springs can add a blank height classification procedure before grinding the face t...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 09 / 05
点击次数: 18
1, matching springs and springs based on automobiles, motorcycles, diesel engines and gasoline engines. This type of spring has valve spring, suspension spring, damping spring and clutch spring, etc., with a large amount, which accounts for about 50% of the spring production. At the same time, the technical level is also high, it can be said that the technical level of these springs is representative, they are mainly to the high fatigue life and high anti relaxation direction, thus reducing the quality. 2. Large springs and plate springs, which mainly include railway rolling stock, heavy truck and engineering machinery, are mainly formed by hot coil forming, which is an important aspect of the spring manufacturing industry. With the development of high-speed railway and the upgrading ...
作者: nelson
发布时间: 2018 / 09 / 04
点击次数: 17
There are two types of heat treatment deformation: one is the size change, the other two is the change of part geometry. Different methods of heat treatment, deformation and deformation prevention of parts size and geometry are also different.The longer the holding time and the higher the temperature are, the more carbon is dissolved into austenite and the larger the expansion of martensite is. The expansion of martensite is the largest, followed by upper bainite, and the volume change of lower bainite and troostite is very small. At low temperature tempering, martensite shrinks and the amount of shrinkage is directly proportional to the supersaturated carbon content. When heated at room temperature of -200, part of austenite is transformed into martensite and expanded. However, the expans...
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